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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-76-038
Details
Synopsis: ON JUNE 24, 1975, EASTERN AIR LINES FLIGHT 66, A BOEING 727, CRASHED DURING A PRECISION INSTRUMENT APPROACH TO THE JOHN F. KENNEDY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, JAMAICA, NEW YORK. ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEEN PERSONS DIED FROM THE INJURIES THAT THEY RECEIVED. THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD'S INVESTIGATION OF THE ACCIDENT DISCLOSED THAT THE AIRCRAFT DEVELOPED A HIGH DESCENT RATE AS IT PASSED THROUGH OR BELOW THE BASE OF A MATURE THUNDERSTORM. THE STORM WAS ASTRIDE THE APPROACH COURSE AND APPROXIMATELY 1 MILE FROM THE END OF THE RUNWAY. THE PILOTS OF OTHER FLIGHTS WHICH PRECEDED FLIGHT66 ON THE APPROACH REPORTED THAT THEY TOO HAD ENCOUNTERED PROBLEMS IN CONTROLLING THEIR AIRCRAFT TO MAINTAIN A SAFE APPROACH PROFILE. THESE AIRCRAFT AVOIDED AN ACCIDENT POSSIBLY BECAUSE THE PREVAILING CONDITIONS WERE LESS SEVERE OR BECAUSE THE PILOTS RECOGNIZED AND RESPONDED TO THE SITUATION FASTER THAN THE PILOTS OF FLIGHT 66.
Recommendation: MODIFY OR EXPAND AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER TRAINING PROGRAMS TO INCLUDE INFORMATION CONCERNING THE EFFECT THAT WINDS PRODUCED BY THUNDERSTORMS CAN HAVE ON AN AIRPLANE'S FLIGHTPATH CONTROL.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Jamaica, NY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA75AZ015
Accident Reports: Eastern Airlines, Inc., Boeing 727-225
Report #: AAR-76-08
Accident Date: 6/24/1975
Issue Date: 3/9/1976
Date Closed: 3/10/1977
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Air Traffic Control, Thunderstorms/Rain/Snow, Training and Education, Weather, Wind

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 6/27/1977
Response: This is to inform you that the ntsb, by formal board action, has closed out the following safety recommendation: a-76-38, dated 4-1-76, criteria closed--acceptable action.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/7/1976
Response: FAA LTR: ACADEMY TRAINING INCLUDES LESSON ON "TURBULENCE AND JETSTREAMS.