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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-76-043
Details
Synopsis: ON JUNE 24, 1975, EASTERN AIR LINES FLIGHT 66, A BOEING 727, CRASHED DURING A PRECISION INSTRUMENT APPROACH TO THE JOHN F. KENNEDY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, JAMAICA, NEW YORK. ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEEN PERSONS DIED FROM THE INJURIES THAT THEY RECEIVED. THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD'S INVESTIGATION OF THE ACCIDENT DISCLOSED THAT THE AIRCRAFT DEVELOPED A HIGH DESCENT RATE AS IT PASSED THROUGH OR BELOW THE BASE OF A MATURE THUNDERSTORM. THE STORM WAS ASTRIDE THE APPROACH COURSE AND APPROXIMATELY 1 MILE FROM THE END OF THE RUNWAY. THE PILOTS OF OTHER FLIGHTS WHICH PRECEDED FLIGHT66 ON THE APPROACH REPORTED THAT THEY TOO HAD ENCOUNTERED PROBLEMS IN CONTROLLING THEIR AIRCRAFT TO MAINTAIN A SAFE APPROACH PROFILE. THESE AIRCRAFT AVOIDED AN ACCIDENT POSSIBLY BECAUSE THE PREVAILING CONDITIONS WERE LESS SEVERE OR BECAUSE THE PILOTS RECOGNIZED AND RESPONDED TO THE SITUATION FASTER THAN THE PILOTS OF FLIGHT 66.
Recommendation: EXPEDITE THE RESEARCH TO DEVELOP AN AIRBORNE DETECTION DEVICE WHICH WILL ALERT A PILOT TO THE NEED FOR RAPID CORRECTIVE MEASURES AS AN AIRPLANE ENCOUNTERS A WIND SHEAR CONDITION.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Jamaica, NY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA75AZ015
Accident Reports: Eastern Airlines, Inc., Boeing 727-225
Report #: AAR-76-08
Accident Date: 6/24/1975
Issue Date: 3/9/1976
Date Closed: 8/21/1981
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Low Level Windshear, Weather, Weather Equipment/Products/Reports, Wind

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/21/1981
Response: Based upon our acceptance of the actions underway or completed in the case of safety recommendations a-76-31 thru a-76-36, we believe that the faa's research efforts satisfy the intent of this recommendation which we classify in a closed-- acceptable action status.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/1/1981
Response: FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION LTR: AS A RESULT OF AN EXTENSIVE 4-YEAR STUDY CONDUCTED BY THE FAA, WITH THE SUPPORT OF NASA AND INDUSTRY, THE FAA CONCLUDED THAT PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS ARE AVAILABLE THAT WILL MAKE IT POSSIBLE TO AVOID MANY OF THE PROBLEMS EXPERIENCED BY AIR CARRIERS INVOLVED IN WIND SHEAR ENCOUNTERS. THESE VARIOUS SOLUTIONS ARE ADDRESSED HEREIN IN OUR COMMENTS RESPONDING TO SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS A-76-31 THROUGH A-76-36.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 4/17/1981
Response: We were advised on july 28, 1981, to expect an answer in the near future. We are anxious to evaluate the progress of these recommendations and would very much appreciate an updated status report.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/28/1980
Response: FAA LTR: WE ARE REVIEWING THE STATUS OF ACTIONS TAKEN AND WILL ADVISE THE BOARD IN THE NEAR FUTURE.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 7/21/1980
Response: At the last ntsb/faa quarterly meeting held on march 12, 1980, the faa staff were advised that a number of these recommendations were in an open status awaiting a further response from the faa. In order to evaluate the progress of the recommendations and update the public docket, we would appreciate an updated status report.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/7/1976
Response: FAA LTR: RESEARCH ALREADY UNDERWAY IN TWO SEPARATE PROGRAMS. EXPECT COMPLETION DECEMBER 1976.