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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-82-008
Details
Synopsis: AS A RESULT OF ITS CONTINUING INVESTIGATION OF THE CRASH OF AIR FLORIDA FLIGHT 90, A BOEING 737-222 (N62AF) ON JANUARY 13, 1982, THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD BELIEVES THAT IMMEDIATE CORRECTIVE ACTION IS NEEDED IN THE AREA OF COLD-WEATHER OPERATIONS PROCEDURES. THE AIRCRAFT HAD DEPARTED FROM RUNWAY 36 AT WASHINGTON NATIONAL AIRPORT IN MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOWFALL AND LOW VISIBILITY. THE AIRCRAFT FAILED TO ACHIEVE A SUFFICIENT RATE OF CLIMB, STRUCK THE 14TH STREET BRIDGE ABOUT 4,500 FEET FROM THE DEPARTURE END OF THE RUNWAY, AND CRASHED INTO OF THE POTOMAC RIVER. SEVENTY-FOUR OF THE 79 PERSONS ABOARD THE AIRCRAFT WERE KILLED EITHER ON IMPACT OR BY DROWNING, AND 4 PERSONS IN AUTOMOBILES ON THE BRIDGE WERE KILLED WHEN THE VEHICLES WERE STRUCK BY THE DESCENDING AIRCRAFT.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: IMMEDIATELY REVIEW THE INFORMATION PROVIDED BY AIR CARRIER OPERATORS TO FLIGHTCREWS ENGAGED IN COLD WEATHER OPERATIONS TO ENSURE COMPREHENSIVE COVERAGE OF ALL ASPECTS OF SUCH OPERATIONS, INCLUDING THE EFFECTS OF A RUNWAY CONTAMINATED BY SNOW OR SLUSH ON TAKEOFF, AND METHODS TO BE USED TO OBTAIN MAXIMUM EFFECTIVENESS OF ENGINE ANTI-ICE DURING GROUND OPERATIONS AND TAKEOFFS. (URGENT)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Washington, DC, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA82AA011
Accident Reports: Air Florida, Inc., Boeing 737-222, N62AF, Collision with 14th Street Bridge
Report #: AAR-82-08
Accident Date: 1/13/1982
Issue Date: 1/28/1982
Date Closed: 8/3/1982
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Icing,Training and Education,Weather

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/3/1982
Response: In our April 19, 1982, correspondence we requested that the FAA provide us with more detail concerning the methods and standards used to review the predeparture deicing procedures (A-82-7) and the information provided to flightcrews (A-82-8) by all carrier operators engaged in cold weather operations. We note that the FAA required each principal operations inspector or appropriate aviation safety inspector to actively review each air carrier's manuals and guidance on cold weather operations. We also note that the standards or benchmarks used to determine the adequacy of an air carrier's deicing procedures and information provided to flightcrews included pertinent Federal Aviation Regulations, advisory circulars and air carrier operation and maintenance bulletins. This additional information describing FAA's review of each air carrier's predeparture deicing procedures and dissemination of information to flightcrews engaged in cold weather operations satisfies the intent of Safety Recommendations A-82-7 and -8 which have been classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 6/7/1982
Response: FAA LTR: THE FAA REQUESTED EACH PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTOR OR APPROPRIATE AVIATION SAFETY INSPECTOR TO ACTIVELY REVIEW EACH AIR CARRIER'S MANUALS AND GUIDANCE ON COLD WEATHER OPERATIONS. THE STANDARDS OR BENCHMARKS USED TO DETERMINE THE ADEQUACY OF AN AIR CARRIER'S DEICING PROCEDURES INCLUDED PERTINENT FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS, ADVISORY CIRCULARS AND AIR CARRIER OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE BULLETINS.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 4/19/1982
Response: We note the FAA has reviewed the contents of this recommendation with all air carriers. However, as we mentioned in our comments to A-82-7, and for the same reasons, we would like an explanation of the review process that the FAA used to measure the adequacy of information provided to flightcrews concerning cold weather operations, effects of runway contamination by snow or slush, and the effective use of engine anti-ice. We will classify A-82-8 as "Open--Acceptable Action" until we receive an explanation of the FAA review.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/22/1982
Response: FAA LTR: A TELEGRAPHIC MESSAGE OF JANUARY 28, 1982, CONTAINING THE VERBATIM CONTENTS OF THE SAFETY BOARD'S RECOMMENDATION LETTER, WAS TRANSMITTED TO ALL AIR CARRIERS. IN ADDITION, FAA FLIGHT STANDARDS PERSONNEL CONTACTED ALL AIR CARRIERS AND REVIEWED THIS RECOMMENDATION.