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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-82-010
Details
Synopsis: AS A RESULT OF ITS CONTINUING INVESTIGATION OF THE CRASH OF AIR FLORIDA FLIGHT 90, A BOEING 737-222 (N62AF) ON JANUARY 13, 1982, THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD BELIEVES THAT IMMEDIATE CORRECTIVE ACTION IS NEEDED IN THE AREA OF COLD-WEATHER OPERATIONS PROCEDURES. THE AIRCRAFT HAD DEPARTED FROM RUNWAY 36 AT WASHINGTON NATIONAL AIRPORT IN MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOWFALL AND LOW VISIBILITY. THE AIRCRAFT FAILED TO ACHIEVE A SUFFICIENT RATE OF CLIMB, STRUCK THE 14TH STREET BRIDGE ABOUT 4,500 FEET FROM THE DEPARTURE END OF THE RUNWAY, AND CRASHED INTO OF THE POTOMAC RIVER. SEVENTY-FOUR OF THE 79 PERSONS ABOARD THE AIRCRAFT WERE KILLED EITHER ON IMPACT OR BY DROWNING, AND 4 PERSONS IN AUTOMOBILES ON THE BRIDGE WERE KILLED WHEN THE VEHICLES WERE STRUCK BY THE DESCENDING AIRCRAFT.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: IMMEDIATELY ISSUE A GENERAL NOTICE (GENOT) TO ALL FAA TOWER AND AIR CARRIER GROUND CONTROL PERSONNEL ALERTING THEM TO THE INCREASED POTENTIAL FOR AIRCRAFT ICING DURING LONG DELAYS BEFORE TAKEOFF AND WHEN AIRCRAFT OPERATE IN PROXIMITY TO EACH OTHER DURING GROUND OPERATIONS IN INCLEMENT WEATHER, AND ENCOURAGING PROCEDURAL CHANGES WHERE POSSILE SO THAT THE CONTROLLERS IMPLEMENT THE GATE-HOLD PROVISIONS OF THE FACILITIES OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION MANUAL 7210.3F, PARAGRAPH 1232.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Washington, DC, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA82AA011
Accident Reports: Air Florida, Inc., Boeing 737-222, N62AF, Collision with 14th Street Bridge
Report #: AAR-82-08
Accident Date: 1/13/1982
Issue Date: 1/28/1982
Date Closed: 4/19/1982
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Icing, Weather

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 4/19/1982
Response: We are pleased that, on January 28, 1982, the FAA issued a General Notice (GENOT) transmitting a copy of NTSB Recommendations A-82-6 through -15 to all air traffic facilities. The FAA advises that this GENOT will serve to remind all air traffic facilities to review their application of handling departure delays and gate-hold procedures contained in FAA Facilities Operations and Administration Manual 7210.3F, paragraph 1232. These actions are in full accord with A-82-10 which has been classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/22/1982
Response: FAA LTR: A GENOT MESSAGE OF JANUARY 28, 1981, CONTAINING A COPY OF NTSB RECOMMENDATIONS A-82-6 THROUGH 15 WAS SENT TO ALL AIR TRAFFIC FACILITIES. THIS GENOT WILL SERVE TO REMIND ALL AIR TRAFFIC FACILITIES TO REVIEW THEIR APPLICATION OF HANDLING DEPARTURE DELAYS AND GATE-HOLD PROCEDURES CONTAINED IN FAA FACILITIES OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION MANUAL 7210.3F, PARAGRAPH 1232.