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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-82-089
Details
Synopsis: ON JANUARY 13, 1982, AIR FLORIDA FLIGHT 90, A BOEING 737-222 (N62AF) STRUCK THE NORTHBOUND SPAN OF THE 14TH STREET BRIDGE WHICH CONNECTS THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA WITH ARLINGTON, COUNTY, VIRGINIA, AND PLUNGED INTO THE ICE-COVERED POTOMAC RIVER JUST AFTER TAKING OFF FROM WASHINGTON NATIONAL AIRPORT. SEVENTY OF THE 74 PASSENGERS, 4 OF THE 5 CREWMEMBERS, AND 4 PERSONS IN VEHICLES ON THE BRIDGE WERE FATALLY INJURED. THE WEATHER CONDITIONS WHICH HAD PREVAILED BEFORE AND AT THE TIME OF THE ACCIDENT CONSISTED OF SUBFREEZING TEMPERATURES AND ALMOST STEADY MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOWFALL WITH OBSCURED VISIBILITY.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: AMEND 14 CFR 139.55 TO REQUIRE ADEQUATE WATER RESCUE CAPABILITIES AT AIRPORTS HAVING APPROACH AND DEPARTURE FLIGHTPATHS OVER WATER WHICH ARE COMPATIBLE WITH THE RANGE OF WEATHER CONDITIONS WHICH CAN BE EXPECTED.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Washington, DC, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA82AA011
Accident Reports: Air Florida, Inc., Boeing 737-222, N62AF, Collision with 14th Street Bridge
Report #: AAR-82-08
Accident Date: 1/13/1982
Issue Date: 1/1/1982
Date Closed: 3/29/1990
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/29/1990
Response: Based on your response and supporting documents, Safety Recommendations A-82-89, A- 83-84, A-83-87, A-84-21, A-84-27, A-84-29, A-84-31, A-84-35, A-84-98, and A-84-100, are classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action," and Recommendations A-81-9, A-82-88, A-84-23, A-84-28, A-84-30, A-84-32, and A-84-34 are classified as "Closed-- Acceptable Alternate Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/2/1988
Response: The revised 14 CFR 139.325(f) contains the requirement for the Airport Emergency Plan to include provisions, to the extent practicable, for rescue of aircraft passengers from significant bodies of water or marsh lands adjacent to the airport which are crossed by approach and departure flightpaths of air carriers. Significant bodies of water or marsh lands are defined as those where the area exceeds one-quarter square mile and cannot be traversed by conventional land rescue vehicles. This rule requires certificate holders to attempt to locate and coordinate with organizations in their community which can provide water rescue services for those bodies of water not located within the boundaries of their airport. This rule does not require the certificate holder to provide water rescue services if such service is not available in the community. Since it was decided to address water rescue within the context of 14 CFR Part 139, it was not necessary to survey certificated airports and evaluate the adequacy of water rescue plans as recommended in Safety Recommendation A-82-88. I consider the FAA's action to be completed, and I plan no further action on these safety recommendations.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 9/2/1987
Response: As you are aware, the resolution of these recommendations is subject to the outcome of Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), Notice No. 85-22, "Revision of Airport Certification Rules." The FAA's response indicated that rulemaking action would be finalized in early 1987, and that we would be provided with a copy of the final rule shortly thereafter. We are anxious to bring these outstanding recommendations to a satisfactory resolution and would appreciate receiving a progress report. The classification of these recommendations remains unchanged.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/15/1986
Response: This is a status update of several NTSB recommendations which deal with airports issues. A number of these recommendations cover areas that are subject to ongoing rulemaking procedures under 14 CFR Part 139. Until the FAA has fully assessed and evaluated the comments received, I am not in a position to determine the agency's Data Source: NTSB Recommendations to FAA and FAA Responses final position. I must therefore await the completion of the regulatory process before more definitive answers can be given. The NTSB recommendations listed below will be responded to once the rulemaking action has been finalized: A-77-16 A-84-21 A-84-31 A-81-9 A-84-23 A-84-32 A-82-88 A-84-25 A-84-33 A-82-89 A-84-26 A-84-34 A-82-152 A-84-27 A-84-35 A-83-86 A-84-28 A-84-98 A-83-87 A-84-29 A-84-100 It is anticipated that this rulemaking action will be finalized in the early part of 1987. I will provide the Board with a copy of the final rule shortly thereafter, as well as a more specific response to each of these recommendations.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 4/23/1985
Response: We are pleased to learn that the FAA has completed a survey of water rescue capabilities at airports having significant bodies of water in the approach and departure flightpaths, and is now in the process of preparing a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR Part 139. We note that the FAA is considering a requirement for airport operators to arrange for water rescue operations with the appropriate agency having jurisdictional responsibility and that rescue procedures will be included in the airport emergency plan. We intend to respond to the NPRM when listed. Safety Recommendations A-82-88 and -89 are classified in an "Open--Acceptable Action" status.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/11/1985
Response: FAA LTR: A SURVEY OF WATER RESCUE CAPABILITIES AT AIRPORTS HAVING SIGNIFICANT BODIES OF WATER IN THE APPROACH AND DEPARTURE FLIGHTPATHS HAS BEEN COMPLETED, AND AS A RESULT, THE FAA IS IN THE PROCESS OF PREPARING A NPRM TO AMEND 14 CFR PART 139. AS PART OF THE NPRM, WE ARE CONSIDERING A REQUIREMENT FOR AIRPORT OPERATORS TO ARRANGE FOR WATER RESCUE OPERATIONS WITH THE APPROPRIATE AGENCY HAVING JURISDICTIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE RESCUE PROCEDURES WOULD BE INCLUDED IN THE AIRPORT EMERGENCY PLAN. WE ANTICIPATE THAT THE NPRM WILL BE ISSUED IN EARLY 1985.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 6/1/1983
Response: We note that issuance of the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to revise 14 CFR 139 to include water rescue capability in specific parts of the regulation has been delayed from March to November 1983. Safety Recommendation A-82-89 will remain classified as "Open--Acceptable Action" pending publication of the NPRM and issuance of the final rule. The Safety Board appreciates your attention to these Safety Recommendations. We look forward to receiving your further report on those recommendation actions that are still in an open status.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 3/4/1983
Response: FAA LETER: IT IS STILL THE FAA'S INTENT TO INCLUDE WATER RESCUE CAPABILITY IN A PROPOSED REVISION TO 14 CFR PART 139. SLIPPAGE IN THE NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING (NPRM) PUBLICATION OF AN EARLIER PHASE OF THE PROJECT HAS OCCURRED DUE TO ECONOMIC IMPACT STUDIES AND OTHER REQUIRED PROCESSES. WE NOW TARGET THE NPRM, WHICH WILL INCLUDE THE WATER RESCUE PROPOSALS, FOR NOVEMBER 1983.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 1/12/1983
Response: We note that the FAA plans to propose changes to 14 CFR 139 to include water rescue capability in the parts of the regulations that pertain to availability and coordination of on/off airport emergency rescue personnel and equipment. The FAA is drafting a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) concerning these proposed changes, and it estimates the NPRM will be issued approximately March 1, 1983. We believe that these proposed changes to 14 CFR 139, including the addition of water rescue capability in specific parts of the regulation, will satisfy this recommendation. We will classify Safety Recommendation A-82-89 as "Open--Acceptable Action" pending publication of the NPRM and issuance of the final rule changes. As you know, in addition to the recommendations discussed above, the Safety Board issued Safety Recommendations A-82-6 through -15 shortly after the Air Florida Flight 90 accident. Safety Recommendations A-82-6, -7, -8, -9, -10, -13, and -15 are in a closed status. Safety Recommendations A-82-11, -12, and -14 are maintained in an "Open--Acceptable Action" status awaiting action by the FAA. These recommendations cover several different aspects of cold weather airplane operations and air traffic control procedures. Five of these recommendations (A-82-6 through -9 and -15) involve improvements in dissemination of information to air carrier operators and flightcrews concerning: the hazards associated with engine inlet pressure probe icing, predeparture airplane deicing procedures, effects of a snow/slush contaminated runway on takeoff, and inspection of airplane and wing surfaces prior to takeoff. Three recommendations (A-82-10, -13 and -14) concern alerting air traffic controllers to the potential for: airplane icing during long ground delays before takeoff, possible need for increased separation between taxiing airplanes during freezing weather conditions, and the hazards associated with airplane structural and engine icing. The remaining two recommendations (A-82-11 and -12) include review and development of Advisory Circulars pertaining to the effect of engine inlet pressure probe blockage on engine Data Source: NTSB Recommendations to FAA and FAA Responses instrument readings, cold weather operations, and airplane deice and anti-ice systems. The Safety Board appreciates your attention to these safety recommendations and we look forward to receiving your comments concerning the issues discussed.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/15/1982
Response: FAA LTR: THE FAA PLANS TO PROPOSE CHANGES TO 14 CFR 139 TO INCLUDE WATER RESCUE CAPABILITY IN THE PARTS OF THE REGULATION THAT PERTAIN TO AVAILABILITY AND COORDINATION OF ON/OFF AIRPORT EMERGENCY RESCUE PERSONNEL AND EQUIPMENT. THE FAA EXPECTS TO ISSUE A NPRM ON THIS SUBJECT AROUND MARCH 1, 1983.