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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-82-094
Details
Synopsis: ON MARCH 27, 1980, A BEECHCRAFT BE-200 SUPER KING AIR, CRASHED AND BURNED IN A FIELD NEAR PARKER, COLORADO, KILLING THE TWO PILOTS AND EIGHT PASSENGERS ON BOARD. MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS OF THE PILOTS AND PASSENGERS REVEALED THAT THE CO PILOT AND FOUR PASSENGERS DIED FROM BLUNT TRAUMA SUSTAINED IN THE CRASH. HOWEVER, THE PILOT AND THE FOUR OTHER PASSENGERS DIED FROM SMOKE INHALATION, CARBON MONOXIDE TOXICITY, OR INJURIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE EFFECTS OF EXTENSIVE BURNS.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: Issue an airworthiness directive directing all operators of airplanes equipped with emergency exits openable from the outside to mark the exits and their means of operation on the airplane fuselage in the manner prescribed by 14 CFR 25.811(f)(1),(2), and (3), irrespective of the rules under which the aircraft are being operated.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Parker, CO, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DEN80AA027
Accident Reports: Lufkin Industries, Inc., Beechcraft Super King Air, BE-200, N456L
Report #: AAR-82-09
Accident Date: 3/27/1980
Issue Date: 8/20/1982
Date Closed: 5/22/1984
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 5/22/1984
Response: The Safety Board believes that Advisory Circular (AC) No. 23.807-3, dated January 20, 1984, "Emergency Exits Openable From Outside For Small Airplanes," should encourage manufacturers, owners, and operators of small airplanes with emergency exits openable from the outside of the airplane to provide appropriate external markings to facilitate emergency response activities. This recommendation is now placed in a "Closed--Acceptable Alternate Action" status. The Safety Board appreciates the action taken to address this safety problem.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 3/19/1984
Response: FAA COMMENT: ENCLOSED FOR THE BOARD'S INFORMATION IS A COPY OF ADVISORY CIRCULAR (AC) NO, 23.807-3, EMERGENCY EXITS OPENABLE FROM OUTSIDE FOR SMALL AIRPLANES. THIS AC WAS ISSUED ON JANUARY 20, 1984.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/3/1983
Response: We are satisfied with the wording of the proposed Advisory Circular (AC) No. 23.807- XX, "Emergency Exits Openable From Outside For Small Airplanes" which was published in the Federal Register for public comment on August 1, 1983. As indicated in our letter of March 30, 1983, this recommendation has been placed in an "Open-- Acceptable Alternate Action" status pending the publication of the AC. We appreciate your offer to keep the Safety Board advised of significant progress.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/14/1983
Response: FAA LETTER: ENCLOSED FOR THE BOARD'S INFORMATION AND FILE IS A DRAFT COPY OF A PROPOSED ADVISORY CIRCULAR (AC) NO. 23.807.XX, EMERGENCY EXITS OPENABLE FROM OUTSIDE FOR SMALL AIRPLANES. THIS PROPOSED AC WAS PUBLISHED IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER FOR PUBLIC COMMENT ON AUGUST 1, 1983. WE WILL KEEP THE BOARD ADVISED OF ANY SIGNIFICANT PROGRESS RELATIVE TO THE PUBLISHING OF THIS AC. WE CONSIDER THIS ACTION RESPONSIVE TO THE BOARD'S RECOMMENDATION.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/30/1983
Response: The FAA's response to Safety Recommendation A-82-94 indicates that an Airworthiness Directive (AD) would not be the appropriate vehicle to implement this recommendation. The Board agrees that the absence of external identification and operating instructions on airplanes equipped with externally openable emergency exits is no less safe than the installation of emergency exits in airplanes that are not externally openable. However, the absence of markings substantially vitiates the benefit of having an externally openable emergency exit as a safety feature. Accordingly, the Board believes that mandatory marking is a reasonable requirement. Data Source: NTSB Recommendations to FAA and FAA Responses The Safety Board is pleased to note, however, that the FAA recognizes that some action should be taken and that an advisory circular will be issued advising owners and operators on the marking of externally openable emergency exits. The Board also believes that your effort to enlist the cooperation of airplane manufacturers in the implementation of this recommendation, through the General Aviation Manufacturers Association, is encouraging. Although the Safety Board has reservations about the effectiveness of voluntary compliance in important safety issues such as this, it is encouraged by FAA's responsiveness towards the intent of this recommendation. Pending receipt of the advisory circular, Safety Recommendation A-82-94 will be placed in an "Open-- Acceptable Alternate Action" status.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/7/1983
Response: FAA LETTER: WE PLAN TO ISSUE AN ADVISORY CIRCULAR THAT WILL ADVISE OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF THESE SAFETY CONCERNS AND WILL ALSO INCLUDE RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING EXTERNAL OPENING INSTRUCTIONS/IDENTIFICATION ON AIRPLANES EQUIPPED WITH EXTERNAL OPENABLE EMERGENCY EXITS. IN THE INTERIM, WE ARE COMMUNICATING WITH AIRPLANE MANUFACTURERS THROUGH THE GENERAL AVIATION MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION TO SOLICIT THEIR COOPERATION IN IMPLEMENTING THE BOARD'S RECOMMENDATION IN VIEW OF ITS POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION TO SAFETY.