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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-87-011
Details
Synopsis: ABOUT 2050 ON MARCH 13, 1986, SIMMONS AIRLINES FLIGHT 1746, AN EMBRAER BANDEIRANTE, EMB-110P1, OPERATING AS A REGULARLY SCHEDULED FLIGHT, DEPARTED THE DETROIT METROPOLITAN AIRPORT EN ROUTE TO SAULT STE. MARIE, MICHIGAN, WITH A STOP IN ALPENA, MICHIGAN. THE ENROUTE PORTION OF THE FLIGHT TO ALPENA WAS UNEVENTFUL. HOWEVER, DUE TO THE PREVAILING INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS, THE CREW WAS UNABLE TO COMPLETE THE INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM (ILS) APPROACH AND LAND AND THEY DECLARED A MISSED APPROACH AT 2142. AT 2153, THE FLIGHT WAS CLEARED FOR A SECOND ILS APPROACH TO ALPENA. AT 2156, THE CREW ACKNOWLEDGED THAT RADAR SERVICES WERE BEING TERMINATED. THIS WAS THE LAST TRANSMISSION FROM THE AIRPLANE. ABOUT 2215, A MOTORIST REPORTED THAT THE AIRPLANE HAD CRASHED. THE AIRPLANE WAS FOUND IN A WOODED AREA ABOUT 300 FEET TO THE LEFT OF THE EXTENDED CENTERLINE, AND 1 1/2 MILES SHORT OF THE THRESHOLD OF RUNWAY 1 AT ALPENA. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED AND TWO OF THE SEVEN PASSENGERS AND ONE OF THE TWO CREWMEMBERS ON BOARD WERE KILLED.
Recommendation: THE NTBS RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: PROVIDE TO ALL MILITARY FACILITIES THAT ARE THE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLING UNITS FOR CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT THE EQUIPMENT NECESSARY TO ALLOW THEM TO ACCESS WEATHER INFORMATION AS QUICKLY AS FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION FACILITIES CAN.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ALPENA, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA86AA021
Accident Reports: Simmons Airlines, Flight 1746, Embraer Bandeirante, EMB-110P1, N1356P
Report #: AAR-87-02
Accident Date: 3/13/1986
Issue Date: 3/17/1987
Date Closed: 7/12/1989
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Air Traffic Control, Weather, Weather Equipment/Products/Reports

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 7/12/1989
Response: Thank you for the FAA's response to Safety Recommendation A-87-11. This recommendation stemmed from the National Transportation Safety Board's investigation of an accident on March 13, 1986, involving Simmons Airlines at Alpena, Michigan. The aircraft crashed while attempting an instrument landing system approach. We are pleased to learn that military facilities that are the air traffic controlling units for civil aircraft are now equipped to access alphanumeric weather information as quickly as FAA facilities, and that military control facilities have an onsite certified military forecaster. This recommendation is now classified as "Closed-- Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/3/1989
Response: "AT THE PRESENT TIME, MILITARY FACILITIES THAT ARE THE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLING UNITS FOR CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT ARE EQUIPPED TO ACCESS ALPHANUMERIC WEATHER INFORMATION AS QUICKLY AS FAA FACILITIES. ADDITIONALLY, MILITARY CONTROL FACILITIES HAVE AN ON-SITE CERTIFIED MILITARY WEATHER FORECASTER. THE FAA HAS, HOWEVER, CONTACTED THE U.S. AIR FORCE TO DISCUSS THE IMPACT OF THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION ON THE FUNDING AND THE AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATE EQUIPMENT AT MILITARY FACILITIES WHICH CONTROL CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT. AS A RESULT, THE FAA AND DOD ENTERED INTO A MEMORANDA OF AGREEMENT WHICH ADDRESSES THE OPERATION OF THE RADAR CONTROL FACILITY. THIS AGREEMENT SPECIFIES THAT, FOR FUTURE TERMINAL OPERATION REQUIREMENTS, DOD WILL OBTAIN EQUIPMENT UNDER THE ADVANCED AUTOMATION SYSTEM PROCUREMENT WHICH WILL BE CAPABLE OF PROCESSING INFORMATION FROM ADVANCED WEATHER DETECTING RADARS..."

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 2/3/1989
Response: Please refer to the FAA's letter of June 2, 1987, pertaining to Safety Recommendation A-87-11. In that letter, we were informed that the FAA had contacted the U.S. Air Force to discuss the impact of this recommendation on the funding and the availability of appropriate equipment at military facilities which control civilian aircraft. We have had no further correspondence. We request a status report for activity on this safety recommendation which remains classified as "Open- -Acceptable Action."

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/3/1987
Response: The Safety Board is pleased to learn that the FAA is taking action to determine the feasibility of the U.S. Air Force complying with this recommendation. Pending our being informed as to the results of the FAA and U.S. Air Force discussions, Safety Recommendation A-87-11 has been classified as "Open--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 6/2/1987
Response: THE FAA HAS CONTACTED THE U.S. AIR FORCE TO DISCUSS THE IMPACT OF THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION ON THE FUNDING AND THE AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATE EQUIPMENT AT MILITARY FACILITIES WHICH CONTROL CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT.