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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-87-012
Details
Synopsis: ABOUT 2050 ON MARCH 13, 1986, SIMMONS AIRLINES FLIGHT 1746, AN EMBRAER BANDEIRANTE, EMB-110P1, OPERATING AS A REGULARLY SCHEDULED FLIGHT, DEPARTED THE DETROIT METROPOLITAN AIRPORT EN ROUTE TO SAULT STE. MARIE, MICHIGAN, WITH A STOP IN ALPENA, MICHIGAN. THE ENROUTE PORTION OF THE FLIGHT TO ALPENA WAS UNEVENTFUL. HOWEVER, DUE TO THE PREVAILING INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS, THE CREW WAS UNABLE TO COMPLETE THE INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM (ILS) APPROACH AND LAND AND THEY DECLARED A MISSED APPROACH AT 2142. AT 2153, THE FLIGHT WAS CLEARED FOR A SECOND ILS APPROACH TO ALPENA. AT 2156, THE CREW ACKNOWLEDGED THAT RADAR SERVICES WERE BEING TERMINATED. THIS WAS THE LAST TRANSMISSION FROM THE AIRPLANE. ABOUT 2215, A MOTORIST REPORTED THAT THE AIRPLANE HAD CRASHED. THE AIRPLANE WAS FOUND IN A WOODED AREA ABOUT 300 FEET TO THE LEFT OF THE EXTENDED CENTERLINE, AND 1 1/2 MILES SHORT OF THE THRESHOLD OF RUNWAY 1 AT ALPENA. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED AND TWO OF THE SEVEN PASSENGERS AND ONE OF THE TWO CREWMEMBERS ON BOARD WERE KILLED.
Recommendation: THE NTBS RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: ENCOURAGE ALL OPERATORS OF REVENUE PASSENGER FLIGHTS TO ESTABLISH ALCOHOL REHABILITATION PROGRAMS FOR PILOTS WITH ALCOHOL ABUSE PROBLEMS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ALPENA, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA86AA021
Accident Reports: Simmons Airlines, Flight 1746, Embraer Bandeirante, EMB-110P1, N1356P
Report #: AAR-87-02
Accident Date: 3/13/1986
Issue Date: 3/17/1987
Date Closed: 2/19/1991
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 2/19/1991
Response: The Safety Board has reviewed each of these documents as they relate to the issues covered by Safety Recommendations A-87-12 and A-88-32 through -35. We have found that the meetings with the Air Line Pilots Association, the Air Transport Association, the Regional Airlines Association (RAA), and other unions representing pilots, as well as presentations before the RAA described in item number 4 above, meet the intent of Safety Recommendation A-87-12, and we have classified it as "Closed--Acceptable Action." We have further found that the policy statements included in the preamble to the new drug/alcohol rule and the revised application for airman medical certificate meet the intent of Safety Recommendations A-88-32 through -35. We have classified these safety recommendations as "Closed--Acceptable Alternate Action" based on the provisions for the FAA to provide screening for alcohol- and drug-related motor vehicle convictions rather than relying on the commercial operator as outlined in the recommendations.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 11/5/1990
Response: INFORMATION BASED ON DISCUSSION AT MEETING WITH FAA REPRESENTATIVES AND ON DOCUMENTS SUBMITTED THROUGH STAFF AFTER MEETING. DOCUMENTS SUBMITTED: 1. FINAL RULE -- 14 CFR PARTS 61 AND 67 -- PILOTS CONVICTED OF ALCOHOL- OR DRUG-RELATED MOTOR VEHICLE OFFENSES OR SUBJECT TO STATE MOTOR VEHICLE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES. (DATED AUGUST 1, 1990; EFFECTIVE DATE OF RULE: NOVEMBER 29, 1990) 2. NEW APPLICATION FORM FOR AIRMAN MEDICAL CERTIFICATE --SEPTEMBER 1990. 3. COPY OF SUMMER 1990 "FEDERAL AIR SURGEON'S MEDICAL BULLETIN"-- CONTAINING COLUMNS AND STORIES ON ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM. 4. LIST OF INITIATIVES FOR DEALING WITH ALCOHOLISM AND THE MISUSES OF ALCOHOL BY AIRLINE PILOTS.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 1/12/1989
Response: Regarding Safety Recommendation A-87-12, we appreciate receiving a copy of the FAA's Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (Docket No. 88-4) concerning an anti-drug program for personnel engaged in specified aviation activities, in which the FAA proposes to require that employee assistance programs (EAP) be established for illicit drug users. However, notwithstanding the FAA's contention that EAP rehabilitation opportunities could be afforded alcohol abusers under such a program, the fact remains that the proposed provisions for an employer's EAP specifically address illicit drug use only, and do not mention rehabilitation for alcohol abusers. Accordingly, we believe these proposed regulations are not responsive to the intent of Safety Recommendation A-87-12. Therefore, pending the broadening of the proposed rules or FAA's initiation of other action to encourage the establishment of rehabilitation programs for pilots with alcohol abuse problems, this recommendation is classified as "Open--Unacceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 8/2/1988
Response: "ON MARCH 14, 1988, THE FAA ISSUED A NPRM (DOCKET NO. 88-4) PROPOSING TO REQUIRE DOMESTIC AND SUPPLEMENTAL AIR CARRIERS, COMMERCIAL OPERATORS OF LARGE AIRCRAFT, AIR TAXI OPERATORS, COMMERCIAL OPERATORS, CERTAIN CONTRACTORS TO THESE OPERATORS, AND AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL FACILITIES NOT OPERATED BY THE FAA OR U.S. MILITARY TO HAVE AN ANTI-DRUG PROGRAM FOR EMPLOYEES WHO PERFORM SENSITIVE SAFETY AND SECURITY RELATED FUNCTIONS. THE NPRM PROPOSES TO REQUIRE THAT EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS (EAP) BE ESTABLISHED FOR ILLICIT DRUG USERS, EAP REHABILITATION OPPORTUNITIES COULD BE AFFORDED UNDER THE ILLICIT DRUG PROGRAM, SINCE IT WOULD BE A "NATURAL EXTENTION" AND WOULD NOT CONSTITUTE A SIGNIFICANT INCREASE IN COSTS."

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/17/1988
Response: We look forward to reviewing the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking regarding employee assistance programs to aid persons in the employ of operators of revenue passenger flights who have substance abuse problems. This safety recommendation will be held as "Open--Acceptable Action" pending the completion of the rulemaking process.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/3/1987
Response: THE FAA IS IN THE PROCESS OF ISSUING AN NPRM WHICH WILL ADDRESS THE ISSUE OF AIRLINES PROVIDING EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM SERVICES TO INCLUDE EDUCATION AND TRAINING REGARDING DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE. ONE OF THE FEATURES OF THE EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM WOULD BE REHABILITATION REFERRAL SERVICES.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/3/1987
Response: Pending completion of the FAA's regulatory effort on this issue, Safety Recommendation A-87-12 has been classified as "Open--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 6/2/1987
Response: THE FAA CONCURS WITH THIS RECOMMENDATION. AN ADVANCED NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING WAS ISSUED ON 12-9-86, INVITING COMMENTS ON DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE IN THE AVIATION INDUSTRY. COMMENTS ON THE ANPRM HAVE BEEN RECEIVED AND ARE PRESENTLY BEING STUDIED.