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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-87-014
Details
Synopsis: ABOUT 2050 ON MARCH 13, 1986, SIMMONS AIRLINES FLIGHT 1746, AN EMBRAER BANDEIRANTE, EMB-110P1, OPERATING AS A REGULARLY SCHEDULED FLIGHT, DEPARTED THE DETROIT METROPOLITAN AIRPORT EN ROUTE TO SAULT STE. MARIE, MICHIGAN, WITH A STOP IN ALPENA, MICHIGAN. THE ENROUTE PORTION OF THE FLIGHT TO ALPENA WAS UNEVENTFUL. HOWEVER, DUE TO THE PREVAILING INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS, THE CREW WAS UNABLE TO COMPLETE THE INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM (ILS) APPROACH AND LAND AND THEY DECLARED A MISSED APPROACH AT 2142. AT 2153, THE FLIGHT WAS CLEARED FOR A SECOND ILS APPROACH TO ALPENA. AT 2156, THE CREW ACKNOWLEDGED THAT RADAR SERVICES WERE BEING TERMINATED. THIS WAS THE LAST TRANSMISSION FROM THE AIRPLANE. ABOUT 2215, A MOTORIST REPORTED THAT THE AIRPLANE HAD CRASHED. THE AIRPLANE WAS FOUND IN A WOODED AREA ABOUT 300 FEET TO THE LEFT OF THE EXTENDED CENTERLINE, AND 1 1/2 MILES SHORT OF THE THRESHOLD OF RUNWAY 1 AT ALPENA. THE AIRPLANE WAS DESTROYED AND TWO OF THE SEVEN PASSENGERS AND ONE OF THE TWO CREWMEMBERS ON BOARD WERE KILLED.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: ISSUE AN OPERATIONS BULLETIN TO PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTORS OF CARRIERS OPERATING UNDER 14 CFR PART 135 IN FORMING THEM OF THE NEED TO IMPROVE PASSENGER SCREENING TO PREVENT INTOXICATED PASSENGERS FROM BOARDING AIRCRAFT.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: ALPENA, MI, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA86AA021
Accident Reports: Simmons Airlines, Flight 1746, Embraer Bandeirante, EMB-110P1, N1356P
Report #: AAR-87-02
Accident Date: 3/13/1986
Issue Date: 3/17/1987
Date Closed: 1/12/1989
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 1/12/1989
Response: The issuance of Air Carrier Operations Bulletin, Part 135, No. 88-3, "Passenger Screening to Prevent Intoxicated Passengers from Boarding Aircraft," satisfies Safety Recommendation A-87-14 which is now classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 9/23/1988
Response: On August 31, 1988, the FAA issued Air Carrier Operations Bulletin No. 88-3, Passenger Screening to Prevent Intoxicated Passengers from Boarding Aircraft. This bulletin requests that principal operations inspectors ensure that their assigned operator's training program and operations manual adequately cover passenger screening to prevent intoxicated passengers from boarding an aircraft. I have enclosed a copy of the bulletin for the Board's information.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 8/2/1988
Response: "AFTER CAREFUL REVIEW OF THE EXISTING REGULATIONS, THE FAA HAS DETERMINED THAT 14 CFR 135.121(C), ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, MEETS THE INTENT OF THIS SAFETY RECOMMENDATION. THIS REGULATION STATES THAT NO CERTIFICATE HOLDER MAY ALLOW ANY PERSON TO BOARD ANY OF ITS AIRCRAFT IF THAT PERSON APPEARS TO BE INTOXICATED. THE FAA WILL, HOWEVER, ISSUE AN AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS BULLETIN TO PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTORS TO INFORM THEM OF THE NEED TO IMPROVE PASSENGER SCREENING TO PREVENT INTOXICATED PASSENGERS FROM BOARDING THE AIRCRAFT. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT THE BULLETIN WILL BE ISSUED IN AUGUST 1988. I WILL PROVIDE THE BOARD WITH A COPY OF THE BULLETIN AS SOON AS IT IS PUBLISHED."

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 3/17/1988
Response: The Safety Board is concerned that the issuance of an Operations Bulletin should take so long. We are especially concerned that the original FAA schedule called for a June 1987 release. This response announced that the release had been delayed until December 1987. We now find that as of the end of January 1988, the bulletin still has not been released. We encourage you to act to get this bulletin released. To emphasize our concern at the inability of FAA to get this accomplished, we have classified Safety Recommendation A-87-14 as "Open--Unacceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/3/1987
Response: The FAA's letter dated June 2, l987, stated that the FAA would issue an Air Carrier Operations Bulletin to principal operations inspectors to inform them of the need to improve passenger screening to prevent intoxicated passengers from boarding the aircraft. There has been a delay in the issuance of this bulletin, and it is now anticipated that this bulletin will be issued in December. I will provide the Board with a copy of the bulletin as soon as it is issued.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/3/1987
Response: Pending the Board's review of the proposed Air Carrier Operations Bulletin, Safety Recommendation A-87-14 has been classified as "Open--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 6/2/1987
Response: THE FAA CONCURS WITH THIS RECOMMENDATION AND WILL ISSUE A AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS BULLETIN WITHIN 120 DAYS.