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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-93-129
Details
Synopsis: ON SEPTEMBER 11, 1992, ABOUT 1457 CENTRAL DAYLIGHT TIME, A MITSUBISHI MU-2B-60 (MU-2), N74FB, AND A PIPER PA-32-301 SARATOGA (PA-32), N82419, COLLIDED AT 2,100 FEET MEAN SEA LEVEL, APPROXIMATELY 2 MILES NORTHEAST OF THE GREENWOOD MUNICIPAL AIRPORT, GREENWOOD, INDIANA. THE PA-32 WAS DESCENDING FROM 2,500 FEET EN ROUTE TO GREENWOOD AIRPORT IN ACCORANCE WITH VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR). THE MU-2, ALSO OPERATING UNDER VISUAL FLIGHT RULES, WAS CLIMBING OUT OF THE GREENWOOD MUNICIPAL AIRPORT EN ROUTE TO COLUMBUS, OHIO. THE PILOTS OF BOTH AIRPLANES AND THE FOUR PASSENGERS ABOARD THE MU-2 WERE FATALLY INJURED. THE TWO OTHER OCCUPANTS OF THE PA-32 WERE SERIOUSLY INJURED. BOTH AIRPLANES WERE DESTROYED. THE ACCIDENT OCCURRED IN DAYLIGHT VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: REVISE THE AIRMAN'S INFORMATION MANUAL SO THAT THE THE INFORMATION ON SCANNING FOR OTHER AIRCRAFT AND THE JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE ARE EMPHASIZED. UPON THE NEXT REVISION OF THE FLIGHT TRAINING HANDBOOK (AC 61-21A) AND THE PILOT'S HANDBOOK OF AERONAUTICAL KNOWLEDGE (AC-61-23B), INCLUDE THE INFORMATION ON SCANNING FOR OTHER AIRCRAFT AND THE JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: GREENWOOD, IN, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA92MA049AB
Accident Reports: Midair Collision Mitsubishi MU-2B-60, N74FB, and Piper PA-32-301, N82419
Report #: AAR-93-05
Accident Date: 9/11/1992
Issue Date: 11/10/1993
Date Closed: 7/27/1998
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Flightcrew, Training and Education

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 7/27/1998
Response: A-93-129 ASKED THE FAA TO REVISE THE AIRMAN'S (NOW AERONAUTICAL) INFO MANUAL (AIM) SO THAT THE INFO ON SCANNING FOR OTHER AIRCRAFT & THE JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE ARE EMPHASIZED. UPON THE NEXT REVISION OF THE FLIGHT TRAINING HANDBOOK (AC 61-21A) & THE PILOT'S HANDBOOK OF AERONAUTICAL KNOWLEDGE (AC 61-23B), INCLUDE THE INFO ON SCANNING FOR OTHER AIRCRAFT & THE JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE. BASED ON THE FAA'S ACTIONS, A-93-129 IS CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 3/3/1998
Response: (Letter Mail Controlled 3/9/98 4:36:32 PM MC# 980307) FAA PUBLISHED CHANGE 1 TO THE AIM IN NOVEMBER 95, & HAVE INCORPORATED THE CHANGE INTO ALL NEW AIM. FAA ALSO UPDATED THE PILOTS HANDBOOK OF AERONAUTICAL KNOWLEDGE TO EMPHASIZE THE IMPORTANCE OF SCANNING & PROVIDES PROCEDURES TO ASSIST IN COLLISION AVOIDANCE. FAA HAS A DRAFT REVISION TO THE FLIGHT TRAINING HANDBOOK THAT INCREASES THE FOCUS ON COLLISION AVOIDANCE, SCANNING, & JUDGEMENT. DRAFT IS IN COORDINATION & EXPECTED TO BE PUBLISHED IN DECEMBER 1998.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 4/29/1996
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT ON 11/9/95, THE FAA ISSUED CHANGE 1 TO THE AIM, WHICH INCORPORATES THE CHANGES TO ADDRESS THIS RECOMMENDATION. THIS CHANGE ADDS VITAL INFO TO AN OPERATIONALLY ORIENTED AREA OF THE AIM, SPECIFICALLY PAGE 4-4-8, PARAGRAPH 4-413(C), WHICH EMPHASIZES THE IMPORTANCE OF SCANNING FOR OTHER AIRCRAFT & THE JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE. ADDITIONALLY, THE FAA PLANS TO INCLUDE THIS INFO IN CHAPTER 4 IN AC 61-21A & AC 61-23B, BOTH OF WHICH ARE SCHEDULED TO BE PUBLISHED BY 9/30/96. PENDING THE INCLUSION OF THIS INFO, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES A-93-129 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/25/1996
Response: ON 11/9/95, THE FAA ISSUED CHANGE 1 TO THE AIM WHICH INCORPORATES SCANNING & JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE INFO TO AN OPERATIONALLY ORIENTED AREA OF THE PUBLICATION. IN ADDITION, BOTH AC'S MENTIONED IN THE RECOMMENDATION WILL INCLUDE THESE CHANGES.

From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 4/1/1994
Response: THE BOARD NOTES THAT ALTHOUGH SCANNING FOR OTHER AIRCRAFT & THE JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE ARE ADDRESSED IN THE AIM, THE FAA WILL REVIEW THESE SECTIONS TO DETERMINE IF THIS INFO SHOULD BE RELOCATED TO A MORE OPERATIONALLY ORIENTED AREA OF THE AIM. ADDITIONALLY, THE FAA WILL INCLUDE UPDATED INFO ON SCANNING FOR OTHER AIRCRAFT & THE JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE DURING THE NEXT REVISIONS TO AC 61-21A, & AC 61-23B. BASED ON THIS INFO, THE BOARD CLASSIFIES A-93-129 "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 1/24/1994
Response: INFORMATION ON VISUAL SCANNING IS DISCUSSED IN CHAPTER 4 OF THE AIM, SECTION 4-19, TRANSPONDER OPERATION, AND SECTION 4-68, TEXIING. THE FACTORS AFFECTING HOW VISION CAN EFFECTIVELY BE USED AND THE TECHNIQUES OF SCANNING THE SKY FOR OTHER AIRCRAFT ARE DISCUSSED IN DETAIL IN CHAPTER 8, SECTION 8-6, VISION IN FLIGHT. THE JUDGEMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE ARE DISCUSSED IN DETAIL IN CHAPTER 8, SECTION 8-8, JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE. THE FAA WILL REVIEW THESE SECTIONS TO DETERMINE IF THIS INFORMATION SHOULD BE RELOCATED TO A MORE OPERATIONALLY ORIENTED AREA OF THE AIM. THE FAA WILL INCLUDE UPDATED INFORMATION ON SCANNING FOR OTHER AIRCRAFT AND THE JUDGMENT ASPECTS OF COLLISION AVOIDANCE DURING THE NEXT REVISIONS TO AC 61-21A, FLIGHT TRAINING HANDBOOK, AND AC-61-23B, PILOT'S HANDBOOK OF AERONAUTICAL KNOWLEDGE.