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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation H-01-032
Details
Synopsis: These recommendations address the appropriateness of the actions of the truckdriver, pilot car drivers, and police escorts; the weaknesses in the planning, coordination, and execution of this oversize/overweight movement; and pilot car driver and truckdriver fatigue. The recommendations are derived from the Safety Board's investigation of the January 28, 2000, tractor-combination vehicle and train collision in Glendale, California, and are consistent with the evidence we found and the analysis we performed. As a result of this investigation, the Safety Board has issued eight safety recommendations, two of which are addressed to the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA), the California Professional Escort Car Association, the Texas Pilot Car Association, and the United Safety Car Association. Information supporting the recommendations is discussed below. The Safety Board would appreciate a response from you within 90 days addressing the actions you have taken or intend to take to implement our recommendations.
Recommendation: TO THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF MOTOR VEHICLE ADMINISTRATORS, THE CALIFORNIA PROFESSIONAL ESCORT CAR ASSOCIATION, THE TEXAS PILOT CAR ASSOCIATION, THE UNITED SAFETY CAR ASSOCIATION, THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF STATE HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION OFFICIALS, THE FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, THE COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SAFETY ALLIANCE AND THE SPECIALIZED CARRIERS AND RIGGING ASSOCIATION: Work with the Federal Highway Administration to develop a model pilot car driver training program. The training program should address, at a minimum, issues such as (1) how to conduct route surveys; (2) the maneuvering limitations of heavy-haul vehicles; (3) the effects of fatigue on performance; (4) the need to assess the dangers at railroad crossings, particularly for low-clearance vehicles; and (5) the need and requirements to notify the railroads before an oversize/overweight vehicle is escorted across a highway/rail grade crossing.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action
Mode: Highway
Location: Glendale, CA, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: HWY00FH027
Accident Reports: Collision Between Metrolink Train 901 and Mercury Transportation, Inc., Tractor- Semitrailer at Highway-Railroad Grade Crossing
Report #: HAR-01-02
Accident Date: 1/28/2000
Issue Date: 12/20/2001
Date Closed: 3/19/2010
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (Closed - Unacceptable Action)
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action)
California Professional Escort Car Association (Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action)
Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action)
FMCSA (Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action)
Specialized Carriers and Rigging Association (Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action)
Texas Pilot Car Association (Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action)
United Safety Car Association (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Fatigue, Rail Crossing

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: California Professional Escort Car Association
Date: 4/20/2005
Response: NMC# 102676: Through correspondence with the FHWA, the Safety Board is aware that the model pilot car driver-training program, prepared by the Specialized Carriers & Rigging Association, the FHWA, the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance, and the Association (among others), has been completed. The Board notes that the program not only addresses all five elements of the recommendation, including route surveys, maneuvering limitations, fatigue issues, railroad crossings, and highway-rail grade crossings, but also discusses other factors related to pilot escorts of oversize loads, such as permit review, vehicle and equipment checks, communication needs, and review of State-specific regulations and statutes. We commend the Association for its participation in this effort, along with Federal, regional, and State agencies, and other associations, to increase awareness of the issues involved. As the completed program exceeds the expectations of the Board in issuing this recommendation, Safety Recommendation H-01-32 is classified CLOSED -- EXCEEDS RECOMMENDED ACTION. We encourage the continued efforts of the Association in promoting its adoption nationwide.

From: NTSB
To: California Professional Escort Car Association
Date: 4/3/2002
Response: The Safety Board is also aware through staff contact that the Professional Escort Car Association is committed to moving forward and implementing the Board's recommendations. The Board further understands that a committee within the Professional Escort Car Association has been established to address the specific issues of the Glendale, California, accident. We appreciate your commitment to addressing these important issues. Pending further response, Safety Recommendations H-01-32 and -33 are classified OPEN -- ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE. Thank you for your positive response. I look forward to receiving progress reports from you regarding your activities related to the above recommendations.

From: California Professional Escort Car Association
To: NTSB
Date: 1/25/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 01/29/2002 5:07:41 PM MC# 2020094 A committee has been formed within our organization to address the issues brought to our attention as the result of the Highway Accident Report, Glendale, California. Gary Van Etten has attended two of our meetings within the past six months to explain what is expected of our organization. I will keep you apprised of our progress as we address the eight issues. My hope is to have something concrete to present to Michele McMurtry and Gary Van Etten at the SC & RA Oversize/Overweight Symposium the first week in March.

From: NTSB
To: American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators
Date: 3/19/2010
Response: Although AAMVA’s sole response to these recommendations provided no information regarding actions it has taken to address them, we are aware that the FHWA worked with the Specialized Carriers & Rigging Association, the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance, and many other entities, including federal, regional, and state agencies, to produce three excellent resource guides, titled Pilot Car Escort Best Practices Guidelines, Law Enforcement Escort Best Practices Guidelines, and Pilot Car Escort Training Manual. Nevertheless, Safety Recommendations H-01-32 and -33 are classified CLOSED -- UNACCEPTABLE ACTION, because AAMVA did not respond to the recommendation for 8 years and did not work with FHWA as requested. Although we are closing these recommendations, we urge AAMVA to distribute information on the published guides to its member organizations. Copies of these documents are available from the FHWA’s website at .

From: American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators
To: NTSB
Date: 4/9/2009
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 4/24/2009 1:48:34 PM MC# 2090258: - From Neil D. Schuster, President and CEO: AAMVA agrees that there needs to be some sort of uniform formal training for personnel involved in escorting large oversize commercial loads on the highway and those aspects of CDL training criteria that would fit into required training for pilot or escort drivers would be of benefit for these drivers. AAMVA believes collaboration with FHWA and other related organizations (ie, the Specialized Carriers and Rigging Association) to develop a best practice or requirements analysis of what type of training should be required in a model pilot/escort car program should include all the recommendations that NTSB makes in the report, including: - How to conduct route surveys - The maneuvering limitations of heavy-haul vehicles - The effects of fatigue on performance - The need to assess the dangers at railroad crossings, particularly with low clearance vehicles - The need and requirements to notify the railroads before an oversize/overweight vehicle is escorted across a highway/rail grade crossing - Uniform education and testing requirements AAMVA suggests the formation of a working group with all interested parties to address the issues outlined in this letter.

From: NTSB
To: American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators
Date: 9/10/2002
Response: NMC# 101680: The Safety Board has not received responses from the AAMVA on any of these five recommendations. The Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure the public the highest level of safety and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we are monitoring the progress of these recommendations. The Safety Board believes that the AAMVA carries considerable influence with the states, and a commitment from the AAMVA to support and help to implement these recommendations would make a considerable difference. The Safety Board looks forward to receiving an update concerning the AAMVA's progress in helping to implement these recommendations. In the interim, Safety Recommendations H-98-38 and -39, and H-01-26, -32, and -33, will remain classified "Open--Await Response."

From: NTSB
To: United Safety Car Association
Date: 7/29/2005
Response: NMC# 102678: Through correspondence with the FHWA, the Safety Board is aware that the model pilot car driver-training program, prepared by the Specialized Carriers & Rigging Association, the FHWA, the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance, and the Association (among others), has been completed. The Board notes that the program not only addresses all five elements of the recommendation, including route surveys, maneuvering limitations, fatigue issues, railroad crossings, and highway-rail grade crossings, but also discusses other factors related to pilot escorts of oversize loads, such as permit review, vehicle and equipment checks, communication needs, and review of State-specific regulations and statutes. We commend the Association for its participation in this effort along with Federal, regional, and State agencies and other associations to increase awareness of the issues involved. As the completed program exceeds the expectations of the Board in issuing this recommendation, Safety Recommendation H-01-32 is classified CLOSED -- ACCEPTABLE ACTION. We encourage the continued efforts of the Association in promoting its adoption nationwide.

From: NTSB
To: Specialized Carriers and Rigging Association
Date: 7/29/2005
Response: NMC# 102682: Through correspondence with the FHWA, the Safety Board is aware that the model pilot car driver-training program, prepared by the SC&RA, the FHWA, the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA), and many other entities, has been completed. The Board notes that the program not only addresses all five elements of the recommendation, including route surveys, maneuvering limitations, fatigue issues, railroad crossings, and highway-rail grade crossings, but also discusses other factors related to pilot escorts of oversize loads, such as permit review, vehicle and equipment checks, communication needs, and review of State-specific regulations and statutes. We commend the SC&RA for its significant participation in this effort along with Federal, regional, State, and other agencies. As the completed program exceeds the expectations of the Board in issuing this recommendation, Safety Recommendation H-01-32 is classified CLOSED -- EXCEEDS RECOMMENDED ACTION. We encourage SC&RA's continued efforts in promoting the program's adoption nationwide.

From: NTSB
To: Specialized Carriers and Rigging Association
Date: 7/22/2002
Response: The Safety Board is aware through staff contact that the SC&RA is committed to implementing the Board's recommendations. The Board further understands that a committee with the assistance of the SC&RA has been established to address the specific issues of the Glendale, California, accident and to work with the FHWA in developing a model pilot car driven training program and model oversize/overweight vehicle movement guidelines. We appreciate your commitment to addressing these important issues. As progress is made on these model programs, the Safety Board would appreciate an update. In the meantime, Safety Recommendations H-01-32 and -33 are classified OPEN -- ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE.

From: Specialized Carriers and Rigging Association
To: NTSB
Date: 3/12/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 03/27/2002 6:41:20 PM MC# 2020339 With regard to developing a model pilot car training program and model oversize/overweight vehicle movement guidelines, SCXRA agrees with the fundamental premise that improved planning, communications and training can help promote safety performance and help reduce accidents, injuries, fatalities and property losses. SC&&A believes the specific issues identified by NTSB for inclusion in recommended guidelines and training address many of the fundamental elements integral to the safe movement of oversize/overweight loads.

From: NTSB
To: Texas Pilot Car Association
Date: 7/29/2005
Response: NMC# 102677: Through correspondence with the FHWA, the Safety Board is aware that the model pilot car driver-training program, prepared by the Specialized Carriers & Rigging Association, the FHWA, the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance, and the Association (among others), has been completed. The Board notes that the program not only addresses all five elements of the recommendation, including route surveys, maneuvering limitations, fatigue issues, railroad crossings, and highway-rail grade crossings, but also discusses other factors related to pilot escorts of oversize loads, such as permit review, vehicle and equipment checks, communication needs, and review of State-specific regulations and statutes. We commend the Association for its participation in this effort along with Federal, regional, and State agencies and other associations to increase awareness of the issues involved. As the completed program exceeds the expectations of the Board in issuing this recommendation, Safety Recommendation H-01-32 is classified CLOSED -- EXCEEDS RECOMMENDED ACTION. We encourage the continued efforts of the Association in promoting its adoption nationwide.

From: NTSB
To: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
Date: 7/29/2005
Response: NMC# 102679: Through correspondence with the FHWA, the Safety Board is aware that the model pilot car driver-training program, prepared by the Specialized Carriers & Rigging Association, the FHWA, the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance, and AASHTO (among others), has been completed. The Board notes that the program not only addresses all five elements of the recommendation, including route surveys, maneuvering limitations, fatigue issues, railroad crossings, and highway-rail grade crossings, but also discusses other factors related to pilot escorts of oversize loads, such as permit review, vehicle and equipment checks, communication needs, and review of State-specific regulations and statutes. We commend AASHTO for its participation in this effort along with Federal, regional, and State agencies and other associations to increase awareness of the issues involved. As the completed program exceeds the expectations of the Board in issuing this recommendation, Safety Recommendation H-01-32 is classified CLOSED -- EXCEEDS RECOMMNEDED ACTION. We encourage the continued efforts of AASHTO in promoting its adoption nationwide.

From: NTSB
To: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
Date: 7/20/2004
Response: NMC# 102473: Safety Board staff presented these issues to AASHTO's Subcommittee on Highway Transport in November 2003, and the issue of escort vehicles was again discussed at its June 2004 meeting, which Safety Board staff attended. Pending the development of the requested guidelines, Safety Recommendations H-01-32 through -34 are classified OPEN -- ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE.

From: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
To: NTSB
Date: 3/30/2004
Response: AASHTO has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Federal Transit Administration, the American Public Transportation Association and the Community Transportation Association to develop a bus safety and security program. It is considered a "voluntary" program, but AASHTO is encouraging transit systems to participate.

From: NTSB
To: FMCSA
Date: 7/29/2005
Response: NMC# 102681: Through correspondence with the FHWA, the Safety Board is aware that the model pilot car driver-training program, prepared by the Specialized Carriers & Rigging Association (SC&RA), the FHWA, the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA), and many other entities including the FMCSA, has been completed. The Board notes that the program not only addresses all five elements of the recommendation, including route surveys, maneuvering limitations, fatigue issues, railroad crossings, and highway-rail grade crossings, but also discusses other factors related to pilot escorts of oversize loads, such as permit review, vehicle and equipment checks, communication needs, and review of State-specific regulations and statutes. We commend the FMCSA for its significant participation in this effort along with many other Federal, regional, and State agencies. As the completed program exceeds the expectations of the Board in issuing this recommendation, Safety Recommendation H-01-32 is classified CLOSED -- EXCEEDS RECOMMENDED ACTION. We encourage the FMCSA's continued efforts in promoting the program's adoption nationwide.

From: NTSB
To: FMCSA
Date: 3/17/2003
Response: NMC# 102027: At a meeting held on July 10, 2002, representatives of the FMCSA and the Board agreed that Safety Recommendations H-01-32 and H-01-33 should be closed for the FMCSA and the issue pursued with the FHWA, which was issued companion recommendations. Accordingly, Safety Recommendations H-01-32 and H-01-33 to the FMCSA are classified CLOSED -- RECONSIDERED.

From: NTSB
To: Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance
Date: 7/29/2005
Response: NMC# 102676: Through correspondence with the FHWA, the Safety Board is aware that the model pilot car driver training program, prepared by the Specialized Carriers & Rigging Association (SC&RA), the FHWA, the CVSA, and many other entities has been completed. The Board notes that the document not only addresses all five elements of the recommendation, including route surveys, maneuvering limitations, fatigue issues, railroad crossings, and highway-rail grade crossings, but also discusses other factors related to pilot escorts of oversize loads, such as permit review, vehicle and equipment checks, communication needs, and review of State-specific regulations and statutes. We commend the CVSA for its significant participation in this effort along with Federal, regional, and State agencies and other associations. As the completed program exceeds the expectations of the Board in issuing this recommendation, Safety Recommendation H-01-32 is classified CLOSED -- EXCEEDS RECOMMENDED ACTION. We encourage CVSA's continued efforts in promoting the program's adoption nationwide.

From: NTSB
To: Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance
Date: 12/30/2002
Response: The Safety Board notes that these items were addressed at a 4-hour training session at the CVSA's fall workshop, held August 24-29, 2002. At the session, route surveys, maneuvering limitations of heavy-haul vehicles, the effects of fatigue on performance, the need to assess dangers at railroad crossings, and the need to notify the railroad before an oversize/overweight vehicle is escorted across a highway/rail grade crossing were discussed. The Board applauds your efforts to date and looks forward to hearing about how discussion of these items results in the development of a model pilot car driver training program. Pending an update on the development of such a program, Safety Recommendation H-01-32 is classified OPEN -- ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE.

From: Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance
To: NTSB
Date: 7/1/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 07/12/2002 5:08:53 PM MC# 2020672 - From Stephen F. Campbell, Executive Director: This letter responds to the Safety Board's December 20, 200l correspondence on Highway Safety Recommendations H-01-32, 33, and 36. These recommendations deal with pilot car driver training programs, oversize/overweight vehicle movement guidelines, and encouragement of CVSA members to train their officers on permits, safety briefings, provisions for off-route loads, and notification of railroads before an oversize/overweight vehicle is escorted across. These recommendations are a result of circumstances arising from the January 28,2000 tractor-combination vehicle and train collision in Glendale, California. We apologize for not providing a prompt response to the Safety Board's letter. As a result of the Board's letter CVSA intends to take the following actions: 1. Prepare an article for out quarterly newsletter, The Guardian, to inform inspectors of the findings; concerns; and recommendations raised by the Board in its accident investigation. 2. At the CVSA fall workshop to be held August 24-29, 2002 in Boston, Massachusetts, there will be a four-hour training, discussion, and Q & A session on: · Pilot car training programs · Oversize/overweight vehicle movement procedures and guidelines · Current training practices including: reviewing and verifying permits, safety briefings discussing routings and special conditions (i.e. hazards of moving oversize/overweight vehicles over grade crossings), provisions for handling off-route loads and notifications to railroads made prior to escorting a load across a highway/rail grade crossing · Regulations and permitting of weights, lengths, and widths of commercial motor vehicles · Technology solutions and recommendations · Best practices for administration and enforcement of oversize/overweight loads · Any data or information on the safety fitness of these loads Speakers from various fields of expertise on the above issues have been invited to the CVSA Fall Workshop for a 4 hour discussion, training, and Q & A session, scheduled for August 28th from 1:00-5:00 p.m. The invited include speakers from the Specialized Carriers and Rigging Association, the United Professional Escort Car Association, the State of Colorado, the American Trucking Associations, the American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials, the Federal Highway Administration, and the Office of the Secretary of Transportation. 3. Committee discussions will be held to address the recommendations of the National Transportation Safety Board, and various oversize/overweight commercial motor vehicle and highway-railroad grade crossing safety concerns. 4. Outcomes of the committee discussions, to include training recommendations and guidelines, will be posted on the CVSA web-site. At the April 2002 CVSA Spring Workshop in South Dakota, the Driver-Traffic Enforcement Committee deliberated on the issue of adding a specific endorsement to the Commercial Driver's License for drivers of oversize/overweight shipments. In response to the discussion, a letter was sent to FMCSA requesting safety statistics on movements of oversize/overweight commercial vehicles to aid the Committee in developing a position on the safety fitness of these movements. Likewise, the Driver-Traffic Enforcement Committee has initiated discussions with Operation Lifesaver to explore collective actions on joint highway rail crossing safety initiatives. If the Board has additional suggestions or recommendations for CVSA to consider, we welcome its ideas. For our part, we will continue to be vigilant in our effort to promote proper oversize/overweight vehicle operations and education. We look forward to furthering our excellent relationship with the NTSB in making positive impacts on commercial vehicle and highway safety.