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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation H-18-043
Synopsis: In this special investigation report, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) examines pedestrian safety in the United States and recommends actions to help prevent pedestrian injuries and fatalities. The investigation, which began in 2016 with a public forum on pedestrian safety, was supported by an inquiry into the causes of 15 crashes in which vehicles fatally injured pedestrians on public highways—representing only a fraction of the nearly 6,000 pedestrians killed on US roads in 2016. The report reviews the past 10 years of data on highway deaths; describes previous NTSB investigations related to pedestrian safety, including the 15 fatal pedestrian crashes as well as studies of the effects of speed and alcohol on highway crashes; summarizes the issues raised during the public forum; and makes 11 recommendations for improving pedestrian safety. The report considers vehicle-based countermeasures, such as improved headlights, vehicle designs that reduce injuries to pedestrians, and collision avoidance systems. It also reviews infrastructure designs that make streets safer for pedestrians. The report emphasizes that better data are needed—especially on pedestrian activity (exposure data) and on the types and outcomes of crashes involving pedestrians—to improve federal, state, and local decision-making related to pedestrian safety. As a result of its special investigation, the NTSB made safety recommendations to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the Federal Highway Administration, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Recommendation: TO THE NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION: Incorporate pedestrian safety systems, including pedestrian collision avoidance systems and other more-passive safety systems, into the New Car Assessment Program.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Open - Acceptable Response
Mode: Highway
Location: Washington, DC
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Accident #: DCA15SS005
Accident Reports:
Report #: SIR-18-03
Accident Date: 8/24/2015
Issue Date: 10/23/2018
Date Closed:
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: NHTSA (Open - Acceptable Response)

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
Date: 6/10/2019
Response: We note that you held a public meeting, are reviewing public comments, and are engaging with stakeholders as you consider your next steps for the NCAP. We are pleased that, among other things, you are considering incorporating pedestrian crash avoidance features into the NCAP, and we encourage you to include these features, as recommended. We believe the public would benefit from knowing that the model vehicle they are considering buying has pedestrian-safe design characteristics, and that their choices could, in turn, affect the implementation of pedestrian safety systems in new car designs. Until such actions are complete, Safety Recommendation H-18-43 is classified OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE.

Date: 3/18/2019
Response: -From Jonathan Morrison, Chief Counsel: On August 3, 2018, NHTSA published a Federal Register notice (83 FR 38201) announcing a public meeting and requesting comments to obtain up-to-date stakeholder input for use in planning next steps for the New Car Assessment Program (NCAP). In this notice, NHTSA requested comments on, among other things, whether to incorporate pedestrian crash avoidance features into NCAP. On October 1, 2018, NHTSA held the public meeting, which was widely attended by stakeholders in motor vehicle safety. NHTSA currently is reviewing public comments in response to the Federal Register notice and engaging in discussions with stakeholders to help inform the next steps. Given these actions, NHTSA requests that Recommendation H-18-43 be classified as Open -Acceptable Response.

From: NTSB
Date: 10/23/2018
Response: The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent federal agency charged by Congress with investigating every civil aviation accident in the United States and significant accidents in other modes of transportation—railroad, highway, marine, and pipeline. We determine the probable cause of the accidents and issue safety recommendations aimed at preventing future accidents. In addition, we carry out special studies concerning transportation safety and coordinate the resources of the federal government and other organizations to provide assistance to victims and their family members affected by major transportation disasters. On September 25, 2018, the NTSB adopted its special investigation report Pedestrian Safety, NTSB/SIR-18/03. The details of the special investigation and the resulting safety recommendations may be found in the attached report, which can also be accessed at Among the Safety Recommendations are eight issued to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which can be found on page 42 of the report. The NTSB is vitally interested in this recommendation because it is designed to prevent accidents and save lives. We would appreciate a response within 90 days, detailing the actions you have taken or intend to take to implement this recommendation. When replying, please refer to the safety recommendation by number. We encourage you to submit your response to If it exceeds 20 megabytes, including attachments, please e-mail us at the same address for instructions. Please do not submit both an electronic copy and a hard copy of the same response.