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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation H-89-033
Details
Synopsis: ABOUT 6:45 A.M., CENTRAL STANDARD TIME, ON NOVEMBER 19, 1988, A GREYHOUND BUS WITH 45 OCCUPANTS, TRAVELING SOUTH BOUND THROUGH A CONSTRUCTION ZONE ON INTERSTATE HIGHWAY 65 IN NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, SUDDENLY WENT OUT OF CONTROL DURING A STEERING MANEUVER, ROTATED 190 DEGREES CLOCKWISE IN THE SOUTHBOUND LANES, OVERTURNED ON ITS LEFT SIDE, AND CAME TO REST FACING NORTHBOUND ON THE SOUTHBOUND EMBANKMENT. THE UNRESTRAINED BUS DRIVER AND 38 PASSENGERS WERE INJURED IN THE ACCIDENT. TWELVE PASSENGERS SUSTAINED SERIOUS INJURIES, AND THE BUS DRIVER AND 26 PASSENGERS RECEIVED MINOR INJURIES. SIX PASSENGERS WERE NOT INJURED.
Recommendation: THE NSTB RECOMMENDS THAT THE TENNESSEE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION: MODIFY TENNESSEE'S SKID ACCIDENT REDUCTION PROGRAM IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RECOMMENDATIONS ISSUED BY FHWA IN ITS 1986 REVIEW OF THE STATE'S SKID ACCIDENT REDUCTION ACTIVITIES, AND WITH THE STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES ISSUED BY THE FHWA FOR PAVEMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Mode: Highway
Location: Nashville, TN, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA89MH002
Accident Reports: Greyhound Lines, Inc., Intercity Bus Loss of Control and Overturn Interstate Highway 65
Report #: HAR-89-03
Accident Date: 11/19/1988
Issue Date: 9/28/1989
Date Closed: 8/1/1995
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: State of Tennessee, Department of Transportation (Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: State of Tennessee, Department of Transportation
Date: 8/1/1995
Response: THE BOARD HAS REVIEWED THE TDOT'S 1/17/95, PAVEMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WORKPLAN. WE UNDERSTAND THAT THE TDOT WAS REQUIRED TO DEVELOP A PAVEMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BY THE INTERMODAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION EFFICIENCY ACT (ISTEA). THE ACT SUPERSEDED THE 1986 RECOMMENDATION MADE BY THE FHWA FOR A SKID ACCIDENT REDUCTION PROGRAM & OTHER GUIDELINES ISSUED BY THE FHWA FOR PAVEMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS. UNDER ISTEA REQUIREMENTS, THE TDOT IS REQUIRED TO CONDUCT A CONDITION SURVEY FOR ALL PAVEMENTS ON THE PROPOSED NATIONAL HIGHWAY STSTEM. BASED ON THE INFO CONTAINED IN THE PAVEMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WORKPLAN, H-89-33 HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE ACTION."

From: State of Tennessee, Department of Transportation
To: NTSB
Date: 7/25/1994
Response: Your interest in this matter is appreciated. In response to Recommendation H-89-33, the Department offers the following comments. TDOT performs skid testing on the Interstate System every two years (1062 Miles), the Primary System every three years (6212 miles) and the Secondary System after the completion of a project (6307 miles). Skid tests are basically conducted between March and November. Data on results is printed once a year; however, if a location is determined to have a significant number of low numbers, a letter is generated to the appropriate Regional Director for action. This action would include the posting of "slippery when wet" warning signs immediately. The location would then be reviewed for possible remedial action at the next possible paving season. The special designs and estimates section of the Roadway Design Division reviews the printed skid data yearly on the interstate system. If a section has significant low numbers, the accident data for the section is pulled to determine the actual number of wet weather accidents. If the number is significant, remedial action is scheduled (microsurface, burning, scratch course, etc.). On all new surface mixes, we require "411D" mix which is specifically designed to eliminate any aggregate which will polish. In 1991, TDOT was required to develop a Pavement Management System (PMS) by ISTEA. This act superseded the 1986 recommendation made by FHWA for a skid accident reduction program and other guidelines issued by FHWA for pavement management systems. Under ISTEA requirements, TDOT is required to conduct a condition survey for all pavements on the proposed National Highway System. TDOT decided to inventory all interstate and primary arterial roadways which is approximately 7400 of TDOT's 13,696 miles. The condition survey will include data on: 1) Rideability (International Roughness Index) 2) Rutting 3) Distress 4) Surface Friction Based on this data, a priority index will be developed based on rideablity, rutting and distress. The surface friction, since it has more accident potential, will be listed as a separate item so it will not be diluted by the other three. TDOT has contracted with PMS, Limited to conduct an inventory of the National Highway System and Arterial System. This inventory will be completed in August and TDOT will submit a plan of operation to FHWA by September 30, 1994, as required by ISTEA. Once this data is obtained, pavement sections can be listed in priority order under several scenarios including surface friction. This action will comply with current ISTEA requirements. This procedure was discussed with your representatives Ms. Michele McMurtry of Washington, D.C. and Mr. Robert Accetta of Atlanta, GA on July 21, 1994. Based on the information listed above, the Department feels that it has complied with your Recommendation H-89-33. We apologize for not providing this information to you earlier.

From: NTSB
To: State of Tennessee, Department of Transportation
Date: 6/30/1994
Response: OUR RECORDS SHOW THAT WE HAVE NOT RECEIVED A RESPONSE FROM YOUR OFFICE REGARDING THE RECOMMENDED ACTION. WE WOULD APPRECIATE BEING INFORMED AS TO WHAT EFFORTS HAVE BEEN MADE OR ARE BEING MADE TO IMPLEMENT THIS RECOMMENDATION. A COPY OF THE BOARD'S ORIGINAL LETTER SUMMARIZING THE ACCIDENT & CONTAINING BACKGROUND MATERIAL FOR THE RECOMMENDATION IS ENCLOSED FOR YOUR INFO. THANK YOU FOR YOUR COOPERATION IN THIS MATTER. WE LOOK FORWARD TO HEARING FROM YOU IN THE NEAR FUTURE.