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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation I-01-004
Details
Synopsis: ABOUT 12:05 A.M. ON 2/18/99, RAILROAD TANK CAR UTLX 643593, WHICH WAS ON THE WEST UNLOADING RACK AT THE ESSROC CEMENT CORPORATION CEMENT PLANT NEAR CLYMERS, INDIANA, SUSTAINED A SUDDEN AND CATASTROPHIC RUPTURE THAT PROPELLED THE TANK CAR'S TANK ABOUT 750 FEET AND OVER MULTISTORY STORAGE TANKS. THERE WERE NO INJURIES OR FATALITIES. TOTAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING PROPERTY DAMAGE AND COSTS FROM LOST PRODUCTION, WERE ESTIMATED AT NEARLY $8.2 MILLION. THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD DETERMINED THAT THE PROBABLE CAUSE OF THE ACCIDENT WAS THE FAILURE OF ESSROC CEMENT CORPORATION (ESSROC) AND CP RECYCLING OF INDIANA (CPRIN) MANAGEMENT TO DEVELOP AND IMPLEMENT SAFE PROCEDURES FOR OFFLOADING TOLUENE DIISOCYANATE (TDI) MATTER WASTES, RESULTING IN THE OVERPRESSURIZATION OF THE TANK CAR FROM CHEMICAL SELF-REACTION AND EXPANSION OF THE TDI MATTER WASTES.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE OLIN CORPORATION: COLLABORATE WITH APPLICABLE PRODUCERS, SHIPPERS, CONSIGNEES, AND END-USERS IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SPECIFIC AND WRITTEN PROCEDURES FOR THE LOADING OR OFFLOADING OF ANY CHEMICAL OR WASTE MATERIAL FROM A RAILROAD TANK CAR, HIGHWAY CARGO TANK, OR OTHER BULK TRANSPORTATION VESSEL WHEN THE CHEMICAL OR WASTE MATERIAL EXHIBITS PROPERTIES THAT REQUIRE SPECIAL HANDLING OR PROCESSING DURING THE LOADING OR OFFLOADING OPERATION.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action
Mode: Intermodal
Location: Clymers, IN, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA99MZ004
Accident Reports: ​Rupture of a Railroad Tank Car Containing Hazardous Waste
Report #: HZM-01-01
Accident Date: 2/18/1999
Issue Date: 3/12/2001
Date Closed: 9/12/2001
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: Olin Corporation (Closed - Unacceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Tank Car Loading and Unloading, Hazmat

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: Olin Corporation
Date: 9/12/2001
Response: The Safety Board is disappointed that Olin believes that issuance of this recommendation to Olin is unwarranted. In the interest of public safety, all parties involved in the transportation of chemical products and wastes with special and unique properties have a responsibility to collaborate to ensure that such products are safely loaded and unloaded from bulk transportation containers. The Safety Board's report and recommendation letter clearly recognizes and acknowledges the role of both the producer/shipper and the consignee/end-user in this process. The producer/shipper has the detailed knowledge and expertise about the properties and hazards of the material which need to be communicated clearly and completely to the consignee/end-user, who needs and uses this information to develop and implement written procedures for the specific facility. As Olin has explicitly stated that it declines to adopt our recommendation or otherwise take any action responsive to our concerns, Safety Recommendation I-01-4 is classified "Closed--Unacceptable Action."

From: Olin Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 6/11/2001
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 06/12/2001 5:43:37 PM MC# 2010492: For the reasons discussed below, Olin believes that its Environmental, Health and Safety Policy, in conjunction with the provisions of applicable statutes, regulations, and common law, provide adequate protection to the public, and that the Board's Safety Recommendation is unnecessary, impractical, and duplicative of, or in conflict with, the requirements of other regulatory programs. Regardless of whether the Safety Recommendation may be germane to the unique facts of the Essroc accident, it is unnecessary and unreasonable for Olin's routine sale of commodity chemical products. The Safety Recommendation would require Olin to "collaborate with applicable . . . shippers, consignees, and end-users in the development and implementation of specific and written procedures for the loading or offloading of any chemical . . ." from a bulk transportation vessel. All of Olin's industrial chemical products, including chlorine and caustic soda (sodium hydroxide), exhibit "properties that require special handling or processing during the loading or offloading operation." However, these are commodity industrial chemicals, handled in bulk throughout the U.S. at thousands of locations on a daily basis. The handling and processing requirements for these common chemicals are well known to Olin's customers. In any event, a comprehensive legal and regulatory framework, supported by Olin's own Product Stewardship program, provides ample protection to the public.