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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation I-79-016
Details
Synopsis: THE NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD HAS INVESTI GATED MANY ACCIDENTS IN WHICH PERSONS WERE KILLED FOLLOWING THE RELEASE OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS FROM THE VEHICLES INVOLVED IN THE ACCIDENTS. FOR EXAMPLE, IN EAGLE PASS, TEXAS, 16 PERSONS DIED FOLLOWING THE RUPTURE OF A LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS TANK-SEMITRAILER IN A HIGHWAY ACCIDENT IN 1975. IN YOUNGSTOWN, FLORIDA, EIGHT PERSONS DIED FOLLOWING THE PUNCTURE OF A RAIL TANK CAR CARRYING CHLORINE DURING AN ACCIDENT IN 1978. IN HOUSTON, TEXAS, 5 PERSONS WERE KILLED AND 178 PERSONS WERE INJURED BY THE RELEASE OF ANHYDROUS AMMONIA FOLLOWING THE CRASH OF A TANK-SEMITRAILER IN A 1976 HIGHWAY ACCIDENT. THE SAFETY BOARD HAS PREVIOUSLY REPORTED THE CAUSES OF THESE ACCIDENTS. HOWEVER, THE GRAVITY OF THE CASUALTIES IN THESE AND OTHER ACCIDENTS FOLLOWING THE RELEASE OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS FAR EXCEEDED THE INITIAL CRASH LOSSES. IMPROVING SURVIVA BILITY IN SUCH ACCIDENTS WOULD CONTRIBUTE SIGNIFICANTLY TO REDUCTIONS IN HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION RISKS.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE RESEARCH AND SPECIAL PROGRAMS ADMINISTRATION OF THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION: USE SURVIVAL ACTION DATA COLLECTED TO REVISE EMERGENCY GUIDELINES, INCORPORATING RECOMMENDED ACTIONS, THEIR PURPOSE, AND THE EFFECT THEY SHOULD HAVE IN REDUCING LOSSES FOLLOWING THE RELEASE OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Intermodal
Location: Houston, TX, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA76H050
Accident Reports: Transport Company of Texas, Tractor Semitrailer (Tank) Collision with Bridge Column and Sudden Dispersal of Anhydrous Ammonia Cargo
Report #: HZM-79-04
Accident Date: 5/11/1976
Issue Date: 12/11/1979
Date Closed: 8/11/1982
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: RSPA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Hazmat

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: RSPA
Date: 8/11/1982
Response:

From: RSPA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/6/1982
Response: RSPA RESPONSE: THE MTB IS NOW IN THE PROCESS OF REVIEWING ITS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENTS REPORTING SYSTEMS SO AS TO BETTER FACILITATE THE ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENTS, TO REDUCE IF POSSIBLE THE COLLECTION OF DATA WITH LITTLE OR NO ANALYTIC SIGNIFICANCE, AND TO LESSEN THE ADMINISTRATIVE AND ECONOMIC BURDEN THE REPORTING OF SUCH DATA REPRESENTS TO THE INDUSTRY. DATA THAT ARE ALREADY CONTAINED IN THE HMIS AND WORK ALREADY ACCOMPLISHED BY THE MTB HAVE SIGNIFICANT VALUE IN TERMS OF IMPROVING SURVIVAL ACTIONS BY THE GENERAL PUBLIC AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE PERSONNEL.