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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation M-01-010
Details
Synopsis: THESE RECOMMENDATIONS ADDRESS THE FOLLOWING SAFETY ISSUES: ADEQUACY OF FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS, ADEQUACY OF PASSENGER AND CREW SAFETY, AND ADEQUACY OF ENGINEERING SYSTEMS DESIGN. THE RECOMMENDATIONS ARE DERIVED FROM THE SAFETY BOARD'S INVESTIGATION OF THE FIRE ON BOARD THE LIBERIAN PASSENGER SHIP ECSTASY NEAR MIAMI, FLORIDA, ON JULY 20, 1998, AND ARE CONSISTENT WITH THE EVIDENCE WE FOUND AND THE ANALYSIS WE PERFORMED. AS A RESULT OF THIS INVESTIGATION, THE SAFETY BOARD HAS ISSUED TWELVE SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS, FOUR OF WHICH ARE ADDRESSED TO THE CRUISE LINE COMPANIES LISTED ON THE ATTACHMENT. INFORMATION SUPPORTING THE RECOMMENDATIONS IS DISCUSSED BELOW. THE SAFETY BOARD WOULD APPRECIATE A RESPONSE FROM YOU WITHIN 90 DAYS ADDRESSING THE ACTIONS YOU HAVE TAKEN OR INTEND TO TAKE TO IMPLEMENT OUR RECOMMENDATIONS.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS TO THE CRUISE LINE COMPANIES, INCLUDING THEIR SUBSIDIARY OPERATING CRUISE LINES, WHERE APPLICABLE: INSTALL EMERGENCY CALL SYSTEMS IN PASSENGER STATEROOMS AND CREW CABINS SO THAT PEOPLE TRAPPED DURING A FIRE EMERGENCY WILL HAVE A MEANS OF SIGNALING THEIR LOCATION.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Marine
Location: Harbor, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA98MM035
Accident Reports:
Fire On Board Liberian Passenger Ship Ecstasy
Report #: MAR-01-01
Accident Date: 7/20/1998
Issue Date: 5/14/2001
Date Closed: 12/13/2006
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: American Classic Voyages Company (Closed--No Longer Applicable)
Carnival Corporation (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Crystal Cruises (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Disney Cruise Line (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Imperial Majesty Cruise Line (Closed - Unacceptable Action)
Norwegian Cruise Line (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Princess Cruise Lines (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Radisson Seven Seas Cruises (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Regal Cruises (Closed--No Longer Applicable)
Renaissance Cruises, Inc. (Closed--No Longer Applicable)
Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Royal Olympic Cruises (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Silversea Cruises Ltd. (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: Royal Olympic Cruises
Date: 2/25/2003
Response: Your letter indicates that all Royal Olympic passenger and crew cabins are equipped with automatic local sounding smoke alarms and have intra-ship telephones that are fitted with an uninterrupted power supply system and powered by the emergency power supply grid. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: Royal Olympic Cruises
To: NTSB
Date: 12/13/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 12/18/2002 3:15:10 PM MC# 2021047 We are in receipt of your letter dated Nov. 12, 2002, addressed to Mr. Cy Hopkins. Mr. Hopkins has resigned from Royal Olympic Cruises quite some time ago and your letter was misplaced. Please forgive the delay in answering. Kindly note that in regard to the recommendation made by the National Transportation Board, we have implemented the following: All our passenger and crew cabins are equipped with automatic local sounding smoke alarms and in addition to that have intra ship telephones. The PABX system is fitted with a UPS system and is also powered by the emergency power supply grid. In addition, a telephone directory exists in all passenger and crew cabins.

From: NTSB
To: Royal Olympic Cruises
Date: 11/12/2002
Response: On April 25, 2002, the Safety Board asked Royal Olympic Cruises for information on action that had been taken or was planned to implement this recommendation. To date, the Safety Board has not received a response from Royal Olympic Cruises on any of these recommendations. The Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. We would appreciate receiving an update from you regarding actions taken or planned to implement these recommendations. Please address your response to Ms. Carol J. Carmody, Acting Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendations by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letters and related correspondence are enclosed for your reference.

From: Royal Olympic Cruises
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Silversea Cruises Ltd.
Date: 2/4/2002
Response: The Safety Board understands that on all Silversea ships, emergency calls can easily be made by both passengers and crew dialing 911 from telephones in all staterooms and cabins. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: Silversea Cruises Ltd.
To: NTSB
Date: 9/19/2001
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 09/25/2001 11:09:38 AM MC# 2010765 Our Ship Emergency Organization is designed to ensure all passenger staterooms and crew cabins are evacuated by assigned personnel in case of emergency. The addition of an emergency call system, while costly and technically difficult on existing ships, would unfortunately fail to eliminate the need for all staterooms and cabins to be visually inspected. In fact, not receiving a call would not indicate that nobody is trapped in a stateroom or cabin. An emergency call can easily be made by dialing 911 from the telephones available in all staterooms and cabins. In addition, the recently agreed installation of local sounding alarms in passenger and crew areas should ensure that early notice is given in case of fire. The risk of passengers and crew remaining trapped in a smoke filled area was therefore greatly reduced. As a result of the above considerations it was concluded that the installation of an emergency call system in staterooms and cabins would not improve the safety of passengers and crew, and therefore will not be carried out.

From: Silversea Cruises Ltd.
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Regal Cruises
Date: 8/30/2004
Response: Both Premier and Regal have ceased operations for financial reasons, and both have filed for bankruptcy protection. Safety Board staff initially became aware of the filings from notices posted on the companies' Internet home page and Federal Maritime Commission news releases. The Safety Board has further learned from various industry publications and from discussions with staff at the International Council of Cruise Lines and at the U.S. Coast Guard that all Premier and Regal vessels have been taken out of service and are being sold, as the companies are currently in receivership. Because these companies have ceased operation and are being dissolved, the following safety recommendations to Premier and Regal are classified "Closed-No Longer Applicable." Premier:M-00-6 and -7 Regal: M-00-6 and -7, and M-01-7 through -10 The Safety Board further believes that letters to Premier and Regal advising of their revised status would have little meaning for the companies and would serve no useful purpose; consequently, no letters will be sent.

From: NTSB
To: Regal Cruises
Date: 11/12/2002
Response: On September 26, 2001, the Safety Board requested an update on action that had been completed or was planned to implement Safety Recommendations M-01-7 through -10. The Safety Board has not received any information from Regal Cruises regarding actions take to implement these recommendations. The Safety Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. We would appreciate receiving an update from you regarding actions taken or planned to implement these recommendations. Please address your response to Ms. Carol J. Carmody, Acting Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendations by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letters and related correspondence are enclosed for your reference.

From: NTSB
To: Regal Cruises
Date: 9/26/2001
Response: The Safety Board requested a response from Regal Cruise within 90 days addressing the actions taken or planned to implement the recommendations. To date, the Board has not received your response. Please address your response to Ms. Marion C. Blakey, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendations by number. A copy of the recommendation letter is enclosed for your reference.

From: Regal Cruises
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.
Date: 5/24/2002
Response: The Safety Board notes that all passenger and crew cabins on the RCCL's vessels are equipped with telephones that can be used in case of emergency. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Closed--Acceptable Action." Thank you for your leadership in improving cruise ship safety and your commitment to marine safety. The Safety Board commends RCCL for its proactive actions addressing the safety issues involved with fires on board passenger vessels.

From: Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.
To: NTSB
Date: 6/18/2001
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 06/26/2001 10:20:52 AM MC# 2010519 All of our cabins, both passenger and crew, are equipped with telephones which can be used in case of emergency.

From: Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Radisson Seven Seas Cruises
Date: 10/21/2004
Response: Because V. Ships indicates that an emergency call system has been installed in both passenger and crew staterooms on all vessels, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: Radisson Seven Seas Cruises
To: NTSB
Date: 7/16/2004
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 7/21/2004 11:11:24 AM MC# 2040435 V.Ships, management company for Radisson reports emergency call systems have been installed in all passenger staterooms. Specifically, a phone system will operate on emergency power enabling the passengers to signal their positions.

From: NTSB
To: Radisson Seven Seas Cruises
Date: 5/28/2004
Response: On October 1, 2001, and on November 12, 2002, the Safety Board requested information from Radisson Seven Seas Cruises on the action taken or planned to be taken to implement Safety Recommendations M-01-7 through -10. To date the Safety Board has not received any further information from Radisson Seven Seas Cruises regarding these Safety Recommendations. The Safety Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. We would appreciate receiving an update from you regarding actions taken or planned to implement the recommendation. Please address your response to Ms. Ellen Engelman Conners, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendation by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letter and related correspondence is enclosed for your reference. Please call me at 202-314-6174 or by email at brownm@ntsb.gov if you have any questions.

From: NTSB
To: Radisson Seven Seas Cruises
Date: 11/12/2002
Response: On October 1, 2001, the Safety Board requested information from Radisson Seven Seas Cruises on the action taken or planned to be taken to implement Safety Recommendations M-01-7 through -10. The Safety Board has not received any further information from Radisson Seven Seas Cruises regarding these recommendations. The Safety Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. We would appreciate receiving an update from you regarding actions taken or planned to implement these recommendations. Please address your response to Ms. Carol J. Carmody, Acting Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendations by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letters and related correspondence are enclosed for your reference.

From: NTSB
To: Radisson Seven Seas Cruises
Date: 10/1/2001
Response: The Safety Board requested a response from Radisson Seven Seas Cruises within 90 days, addressing the actions taken or planned to implement the recommendations. To date, the Board has not received your response. The Board is vitally interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the traveling public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. Please address your response to Ms. Marion C. Blakey, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendations by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letter is enclosed for your reference.

From: Radisson Seven Seas Cruises
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Carnival Corporation
Date: 1/26/2009
Response: The Safety Board is pleased to learn that Carnival Corporation has completed installation of emergency call systems in the crew cabins of the ships that did not already have such systems installed. This effort completes the recommended action, to install these systems in all staterooms and cabins, on all vessels in your fleet. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified Closed Acceptable Action.

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 9/24/2008
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 9/29/2008 3:06:50 PM MC# 2080594: Thank you for your letter dated August 11, 2006 in response to mine of April 7, 2006. I am pleased to be able to advise you that the work to install emergency call systems in the crew cabins of those ships that did not already have such systems installed was completed in June of this year. I would therefore ask that you consider reclassifying the recommendation from it t s current “Closed - Unacceptable Action” status. Sincerely yours, Micky Arison, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Carnival Corporation, Carnival Place, 3655 NW 87 Avenue, Miami Florida 33178-2428

From: NTSB
To: Carnival Corporation
Date: 8/11/2006
Response: The Safety Board is pleased to learn that Carnival Corporation has decided to install emergency call systems in the crew cabins of those ships that do not already have such systems installed. The Board understands that while Carnival Corporation plans to have this work completed within 6 months, it is possible that one or two ships in the fleet could be delayed beyond this time. The Board would appreciate being kept informed of your progress on this initiative and notified when work has been completed fleetwide, at which time we will consider reclassifying the recommendation from its current status of "Closed-Unacceptable Action."

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 4/7/2006
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 4/13/2006 11:07:07 AM MC# 2060194 4-7-06: Thank you for your letter dated March 24, 2006, in response to mine of December 14, 2005. I can confirm that the work to install emergency call systems in the crew cabins of those ships that do not already have such systems installed is well underway and that we plan to have this work completed within six months from now. It is possible that one or two ships in the fleet could be delayed beyond the six-month time frame. I will write to you again at that time when I anticipate you will be able to reclassify M-01-10 closed with an acceptable status on behalf of all the Carnival Corporation operating companies. Micky Arison

From: NTSB
To: Carnival Corporation
Date: 3/24/2006
Response: In your December 2005, letter, you advise that there was some misunderstanding and that Carnival Corporation has every intention of installing an emergency call system in the crew staterooms that do not already have them. The Safety Board wants to point out that its classification of M-01-10 as "Closed-Unacceptable Action" on September 27, 2005, was based on Carnival Corporation's request that the Safety Board consider smoke hoods as an equivalent level of safety to crewmembers as having an emergency call system in their cabins and that this option be considered an acceptable alternative to M-01-10. The Board had previously explained that smoke hoods (which only filter out particles and do not provide oxygen) cannot be used to signal location when a crewmember is trapped in a stateroom. The Safety Board, however, would welcome information that emergency call systems have been installed in crew cabins in all of Carnival's vessels and would consider reclassification of Safety Recommendation M-01-10 to an acceptable status once that information is received.

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 12/14/2005
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 12/23/2005 8:41:47 AM MC# 2050578 : Thank you for your letter dated September 27, 2005. I believe that there has been a misunderstanding regarding our response to this Safety Recommendation. Although, in our letter of December 22, 2004, we made an alternative proposal to meet the objectives of the Recommendation for those vessels which do not have emergency call systems fitted to all passenger and crew cabins, we have every intention of meeting your requirements. Every Carnival Corporation vessel already has a telephone fitted in every passenger cabin and we are embarking on a program to fit telephones in every crew cabin that currently is without a telephone in order to satisfy Safety Recommendation M-01-10. We would therefore ask that you reconsider the classification "Closed - Unacceptable Action" pending the actions we are taking. We will advise you in due course when the program is completed.

From: NTSB
To: Carnival Corporation
Date: 9/27/2005
Response: The Safety Board understands that all passenger cabins on Carnival Corporation cruise line vessels have telephones with emergency back up that passengers trapped in their cabins can use to signal their location. However, some older Carnival Corporation cruise line vessels do not have telephones with emergency back up that crewmembers trapped in their cabins can use to signal their location. Mr. Arkinstall's October 26, 2004, letter explains that a program is underway to extend coverage to the crew cabins for those ships already in service in which crew cabins are not fitted with telephones and in which the existing telephone exchanges have the capacity. For those ships that do not have this capacity, Mr. Arkinstall proposed to adopt the use of smoke hoods in crew cabins to address the recommendation. At the November 2004 meeting, Safety Board staff explained that (1) smoke hoods cannot be used to signal location when a crewmember is trapped in a stateroom and (2) the emergency call system does not need to be an elaborate and costly telephone system, but could be a simple buzzer system or even a radio or cell phone system whereby trapped crewmen could signal their plight. The Safety Board disagrees with Carnival Corporation's suggested alternative solution that the use of smoke hoods (which only filter out particles and do not provide oxygen), smoke detectors, low-level lighting and fast response teams will constitute an effective solution to the problem. The Safety Board would like to point out that Carnival has an acceptable system for all passengers and for the crews on its newer vessels. Further, Princess Cruise Line, a recent Carnival Corporation subsidiary company, has already implemented the recommendation; accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 was classified "Closed--Acceptable Action" on January 31, 2005, to Princess Cruise Line. In addition, seven cruise lines other than Carnival Corporation have implemented the recommendation and two more are nearing completion of action to implement the recommendation. Because Carnival Corporation has indicated that it does not intend to implement an acceptable method for use by trapped crewman to signal their plight on its older vessels, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Closed--Unacceptable Action."

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 12/22/2004
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 12/28/2004 3:26:30 PM MC# 2040732 SWAT Meet post response: Current Situation The most available and helpful means of communicating in an emergency is via the telephone systems already installed on board our vessels. All passenger staterooms and a majority of crew cabins have telephones installed, which can be used by the occupant to signal their location in an emergency. Wherever the existing telephone systems have the capability we will extend coverage to the crew cabins. All recent new builds have telephones in all cabins, as will all future new builds. For those crew cabins, which do not have telephones, and it is not possible to fit them without replacing the telephone system, it is our proposal to fit smoke hoods as an alternative to allow escape through smoke. Other means of communication - e.g. by means of an alarm which can be activated from individual cabins - are not fitted to existing vessels and would require an extensive new installation to give an effective means of communicating that crew members are trapped in their cabins and their whereabouts. We note that you have approved in principle a proposal received from Norwegian Cruise Lines that would see hand-held VHF/UHF radios, having a dedicated channel to the fire team, being distributed in those crew cabins not fitted with telephones. However, we do not feel that this is the best solution to suit our operational procedures, due to the possibility of the radio not working following a prolonged period not in use; crewmembers not understanding how to use a radio correctly, overload of communication to the fire party with a number of cabins trying to communicate concurrently, or poor communication leading to the fire party being sent to the wrong area. Company Investigations: In order to support our proposed alternative we carried out a formal risk assessment (using event tree analysis) to evaluate the benefits of fitting smoke hoods. This took into account that the following would be put in place: · One smoke hood would be supplied for each crew member berth per cabin · Each crew member would be trained and exercised in their use and in evacuation procedures · Addressable smoke detectors are fitted in all accommodation and service spaces · Low location lighting is fitted throughout crew accommodation · Fast response fire teams are employed (see previous discussion in Annex 1) and fire parties are trained in cabin evacuation · There are procedures in place for a full crew muster and check off at an early stage of an incident. The risk assessment supported our view on achieving an equivalent level of safety and also identified a potential increased risk to the fire party should they attempt to rescue a person who had reported themselves trapped, but had subsequently escaped. This is shown in the risk assessment. Conclusion: Carnival Corporation believes that the provision of smoke hoods provides an equivalent level of safety to crewmembers as having an emergency call system in their cabins. We therefore request that where this option is chosen for compliance with recommendation M-01-10 that it be considered an acceptable alternative.

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 10/20/2004
Response: All passenger staterooms within the entire fleets of the operating companies of Carnival Corporation are fitted with telephones. Princess Cruises intends to install telephones in all crew cabins and this recommendation is currently classified as 'Open - Acceptable Response'. NTSB letter dated I4 June 2002 refers. All current ships on order and all new projects will have telephones in crew cabins. For those ships already in service where crew cabins are not fitted with telephones and the existing telephone exchanges have the capacity a programme is underway to extend coverage to the crew cabins. For those ships where this capacity does not exist, it is proposed to adopt the use of smoke hoods in crew cabins that are not fitted with emergency call facilities or telephones as an alternative means of achieving equivalence with the intent of the recommendation. Our internal risk assessment concludes that this proposal, when added to the locally sounding smoke alarm in cabins and the established procedures reconciling the safety of individual crew members in the event of a fire, does indeed address the main concern raised in the relevant NTSB reports.

From: NTSB
To: Carnival Corporation
Date: 4/23/2004
Response: Thank you for your letter of December 18, 2003, inviting my staff and me to meet with Mr. Charles Arkinstall, of Carnival’s new corporate maritime affairs department, to discuss the implementation of the National Transportation Safety Board’s recommendations on a corporatewide basis, and to review the comments in the Safety Board’s letters of December 3, 2003, relating to the installation of audible smoke alarms in crew and passenger accommodation areas. I look forward to meeting with you and your staff and to having productive discussions on our safety recommendations. My staff will contact your office soon to arrange a meeting.

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 12/18/2003
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 12/31/2003 11:41:13 AM MC# 2030615: Thank you for your letter of December 3,2003 regarding the implementation of Safety Board’s recommendations M-01-02, M-01-03, M-01-7 thru 01-10, made as a result of the Safety Board’s investigation of the fire on Carnival Cruise Line passenger ship M/V Ecstasy, on July 20,1998. Further, we acknowledge and thank you for recognition of Holland America’s efforts to improve the safety equipment carried aboard their vessels, in direct response to the Board’s recommendations. I would like to take this occasion to affirm to you, and the Safety Board, that Carnival Corporation treats the safety and security of its passengers, along with the promotion of a safe operating environment for its crew, with the utmost and paramount attention. Therefore, in consideration of the Safety Board’s recommendations M-01-2, M-01-3, and M, -01-7 thru M-01-10, I do wish to confirm that Carnival Corporation did ensure that all of these recommendations were addressed by our subsidiary cruise line brands. However, pursuant to our historical corporate philosophy, we deferred to the individual operating lines on the actual methodology and reporting of the implementation of the Board’s recommendations. I have nonetheless asked Carnival Corporation’s Maritime Services Group to review the status of implementation of the recommendations and confirm such. With the continued growth of Carnival Corporation and its operating subsidiaries, I a m very pleased to inform you that we have recently created a corporate maritime affairs department within Carnival Corporation that is responsible for the establishment and promotion of fleetwide safety, health and security policies throughout Carnival Corporation and its 13 global cruise brands. Mr. Charles Arkinstall, a twenty-one year veteran of P&O Princess Cruises and a naval architect with 40 years of shipping and shipbuilding experience, has been named as senior vice president of the new maritime affairs department as of November 11, 2003. Mr. Arkinstall reports directly to Carnival Corporation Vice Chair Howard Frank. I welcome the opportunity to have you and your staff meet with Mr. Arkinstall and his staff, in our Florida offices, in order to allow him to present our new program to you, discuss the implementation of the Safety Board’s recommendations on a corporatewide basis and specifically review the comments contained in your December 3rd letters including those relating to installation of audible smoke alarms in corridors. We look forward to hosting you, your fellow members of the Safety Board, and any of your staff, at your earliest convenience. Please feel free to have your staff contact us to arrange this meeting.

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 4/8/2003
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 4/23/2003 4:58:35 PM MC# 2030217 On May 14, 2001, Chairman Carmody issued the following Safety Recommendations after the Ecstasy Fire on July 20, 1998: · For existing vessels with ventilation system arrangements similar to Carnival Cruise Lines Fantasy class ships, install an automatic method or system to mitigate the spread of smoke and fire from laundry spaces through the ventilation ducts to other vessel areas. (M-01-7) · For existing vessels with mooring deck design arrangements similar to Carnival Cruise Lines Fantasy Class ships; install fire detection and suppression systems on mooring decks that carry high fire loads and presently have no automatic fire protection. (M-01-8) · In the construction of new passenger ships, use qualitative failure analysis techniques to identify system components whose failure might cause a complete loss of propulsive power and take action to mitigate identified problems. (M-01-9) · Install emergency call systems in passenger staterooms and crew cabins so that people trapped during a fire emergency will have a means of signaling their location. (M-01-10) We were having some difficulty determining what recommendations applied because we did not have Fantasy class ships in our fleet. During a meeting with your staff on July 18, 2001 the industry was told not to take the recommendations too literally. Look at the intent in the Report to see what the recommendation is about. We can adjust the solution to company specific/vessel specific issues. If the conditions were not identical then the recommendation most likely did not apply. Equivalents to recommendations could be proposed where they are reasonable and serve the same safety purpose. As a result we determined that Safety Recommendation M-01-7 did not apply to our ships, as well as M-01-8. In the latter case we decided to implement it. M-01-9 was ongoing in our Newbuilding program. Regarding M-01-10, because of the circumstances discussed below we decided to provide smoke masks in those crew cabins that did not have telephones as a means of signaling their location. In my letter of October 22, 2001, I advised Chairman Blakey of our implementation of various safety recommendations, including M-01-7 through M-01-l0. Regarding M-01-10, I said that where telephones were installed in cabins this would suffice as a means of signaling the occupant's location should they be trapped. All passenger cabins on our existing ships had telephones. Most of the crew cabins did not. In lieu of installing telephones in crew cabins, we proposed to provide smoke masks for all crewmembers in cabins that did not have telephones. We believe this is a reasonable equivalent to a telephone. It gets the crewmembers out of their cabin safely, removes them as a possible victim that needs rescuing - freeing up valuable response resources for other emergencies, and makes them available to perform emergency response duties. Our crewmembers are already experienced in the use of smoke masks and emergency escape breathing devices (which are required by SOLAS) because they are placed in workspaces on the vessel to facilitate escape. Our review of the Universe Explorer and Vistaford incidents that precipitated recommendation M-01 -10 indicated that if the trapped crewmembers had smoke masks, these individuals could have escaped the smoke filled crew corridors and crew cabins and survived. In her May 2, 2002 letter, Chairman Blakey's acknowledged and appreciated the above proposal, and indicated that she wanted to hear from Carnival Corporation on how it intends to implement recommendation M-01-1. While a member of the Carnival Group, we are basically an independent company that sets its own operational policies consistent with various laws and regulations. Carnival Corporation does not set operational policy for the companies in its Group. Rather, it monitors compliance with operational and other standards through a comprehensive audit program. As a Chairman of an independent agency, I'm sure you can appreciate how strongly I feel about the operational independence of Holland America Line. We have had a lengthy, independent, and worthwhile relationship with NTSB on safety matters. I hope that it continues for a long time. We continued to research appropriate smoke masks to implement recommendation M-01-10. On September 6, 2002 I advised Chairman Carmody that our flag state permitted the installation of smoke masks in crew cabins that do not have telephones, and that we were in the process of acquiring several thousand smoke masks. Nothing was heard back until the referenced letter from Chairman Hammerschmidt indicating that the recommendations were issued to Carnival Corporation. Chairman Carmody issued the recommendations on May 14, 200l to cruise line companies, including their subsidiary companies. Nothing in those recommendations indicated that the corporation must set corporate wide policy on safety matters. If that had been recommended we would have objected. The recommendations applied directly to us and we took appropriate, timely action to achieve your recommended safety standards. I have committed significant funds and ordered approximately 4500 smoke masks with holders and training masks. The manufacturer has adjusted production to satisfy this order. Delivery is expected to commence in the next few weeks. I'm sure you will agree that further delay in acknowledging our efforts at timely implementation of your recommendations is not in the interests of safety. I request that you consider our action as equivalent to the intent and spirit of Safety Recommendation M-01-10 and record our efforts as Open - Acceptable Alternate Action, pending completion of the delivery of the smoke masks.

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 9/6/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 09/19/2002 10:11:26 AM MC# 2020827 Regarding recommendation M-01 -10, we have recently obtained permission from the Dutch maritime authorities to install smoke masks in crew cabins that do not have telephones. We have begun the process of acquiring several thousand smoke masks with appropriate installation arrangements. I will advise you when the project is completed and the recommendation is satisfied.

From: NTSB
To: Carnival Corporation
Date: 4/9/2002
Response: Your letter also addressed Safety Recommendations M-01-2 and -3, and M-01-7 through -10, which were issued to the Carnival Corporation because they are applicable to corporatewide policies rather than policies that should be developed individually by Carnival Corporation's subsidiary cruise lines. We appreciate the information regarding Carnival Cruise Lines' specific actions in response to these recommendations. By separate correspondence, the Safety Board has requested information from Carnival Corporation on how it intends to implement Safety Recommendations M-01-2 and -3, and M-01-7 through -10. That letter is also enclosed for your reference.

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 10/8/2001
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 10/22/2001 5:09:25 PM MC# 2010870 ICCL has already responded this recommendation. CCL is currently working with the ICCL in researching the feasibility of technology for remote signaling, and will keep the NTSB updated as information is developed.

From: NTSB
To: Carnival Corporation
Date: 9/28/2001
Response: The Safety Board requested a response from Carnival Corporation, Inc., within 90 days, addressing the actions taken or planned to implement the recommendations. To date, the Board has not received your response. The Board is vitally interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the traveling public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. Please address your response to Ms. Marion C. Blakey, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendations by number. A copy of the recommendation letter is enclosed for your reference.

From: Carnival Corporation
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Renaissance Cruises, Inc.
Date: 10/3/2002
Response: Closed by Notation 6837B adopted 3 OCT 2002. From the Notation Memorandum: Because these companies have ceased operation and are being dissolved, staff recommends that safety recommendations to Renaissance and ACV be classified "Closed-No Longer Applicable" as follows: Renaissance: M-00-6 and -7, and M-01-10 and -18 AMC: M-00-6 and -7, and M-01-7 through -10 and -18

From: NTSB
To: Renaissance Cruises, Inc.
Date: 3/8/2002
Response: The Safety Board understands that, with the exception of the R1 and R2 vessels, which are scheduled for retrofit, all of Renaissance's vessels are equipped with telephone communications from the passenger staterooms and the crew cabins to the bridge. Pending receipt of notification that an emergency telephone system has been installed in passenger staterooms on the R1 and R2 vessels, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Open--Acceptable Response." Thank you for your prompt action on these safety recommendations and your commitment to marine safety. We look forward to receiving further information on Safety Recommendation M-01-10.

From: Renaissance Cruises, Inc.
To: NTSB
Date: 6/27/2001
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 07/06/2001 5:07:08 PM MC# 2010553 All Renaissance ships (with the exception of the Rl and R2 which are currently programmed for retrofit) are equipped with telephone communications from all passenger staterooms and crew cabins to the bridge. Further, the smaller size of the ships when compared to the Carnival Fantasy class and other larger vessel classes, allows for greater accuracy when accounting for passengers and crew. This is because the corridors and passageways are shorter, the numbers of staterooms in an effected area of a main vertical zone are not great in number and can be quickly called, and effective door-to-door evacuation is feasible. To that end, we do not plan to add an additional means of emergency calling to our system.

From: Renaissance Cruises, Inc.
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
Date: 12/13/2006
Response: The Safety Board is pleased to learn that the NCL Group has completed the installation of ultra-high frequency (UHF) radios in the crew cabins on the Marco Polo, Norwegian Dream, and Norwegian Majesty and that all NCL Group vessels now have means in all passenger and crew cabins to contact the bridge or other designated control station to signal their location in an emergency. This action satisfies the intent of the recommendation; accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified Closed Acceptable Action.

From: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
To: NTSB
Date: 9/26/2006
Response: EMAIL Response: I am confirming that we have completed the installation of the UHF radios in the crew cabins on the Marco Polo, Norwegian Dream, and Norwegian Majesty. I have enclosed pictures of a sample installation. All NCL, NCLA, and Orient Lines ships now have means in all passenger and crew cabins to contact the bridge (or other designated control stations, for that matter) in an emergency. Regards, Pete Randall, VP Environmental & Regulatory Affairs

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
Date: 8/27/2004
Response: Captain Myrtidis has advised Safety Board staff that the NCL Group is working on this issue and will provide a response to Safety Recommendation M-01-10 in future correspondence. Pending receipt of further information, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 remains classified "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
To: NTSB
Date: 6/18/2004
Response: I will revert with comments for the Safety Recommendation M-01-10, which was issued as a result of the Safety Board's investigation of the July 20, 1998, fire on the passenger ship Ecstasy.

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
Date: 5/13/2004
Response: To date, the Safety Board has not received any further information on the status of action to complete Safety Recommendations M-00-6 and -7, and M-01-10. The Safety Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. We would appreciate receiving an update from you regarding actions taken or planned to implement the recommendation. Please address your response to Ms. Ellen Engelman Conners, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendation by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letter and related correspondence is enclosed for your reference. Please call me at 202-314-6174 or by email at brownm@ntsb.gov if you have any questions. Thank you for your assistance. Sincerely, Michael T. Brown, Marine Safety Recommendations.

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
Date: 1/27/2003
Response: The NCL Group reports that all of the passenger staterooms on their ships are equipped with telephones, which are connected to the emergency power systems in case of a main power failure. The telephone system incorporates a 911 or similar function for emergencies, which enables passengers to signal their location should they be trapped in their stateroom. However, with the exception of the newer vessels, not all of the crew cabins are fitted with telephones. For those crew cabins without telephones, the NCL Group is proposing to install portable radios, which will not only give trapped persons the ability to signal their location, but will also allow for voice communications and the capability to supply information or receive instructions. Further, the NCL Group will ensure full area coverage by installing additional equipment as needed. Instructions for routine inspections and system functions will be inputted in the automated maintenance system. Because the proposed solution would satisfy the intent of the recommendation, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Open--Acceptable Response," pending notification by the NCL Group that the proposed actions have been completed.

From: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
To: NTSB
Date: 11/22/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 11/22/2002 3:44:41 PM MC# 2020979 As previously stated all NCL and Orient lines ships' passenger staterooms are equipped with telephones, which are connected to the emergency power systems in case of a main power failure. All telephone systems incorporate a '911' or similar function for emergencies. Therefore, passengers would be able to signal their location should they be trapped in a case of fire. All of the crew cabins of the newer vessels are fitted with a telephone, however this does not apply to all of the crew cabins on the rest of our vessels. For those cabins, we propose the installation of portable radios, which will not only give the ability for trapped persons to signal their location, but will also allow for voice communication, and the capability of supplying information or receiving instructions. We will ensure full area coverage by the installation of additional amplifiers as needed. Instructions for routine inspections and system functions will be inputted in our automated maintenance system. Kindly revert with your comments, as we would like to proceed on this project as soon as possible.

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
Date: 10/1/2002
Response: The NCL Group reports that all of the passenger staterooms on their ships are equipped with telephones, which are connected to the emergency power systems in case of a main power failure. The telephone system incorporates a 911 or similar function for emergencies, which enables passengers to signal their location should they be trapped in their stateroom. However, with the exception of the newer vessels, not all of the crew cabins are fitted with telephones. Although the NCL Group believes that its emergency response procedures compensate for this shortcoming, the Safety Board was very specific in recommending that all passenger and crew staterooms have emergency call systems. Most, if not all, cruise lines had emergency response procedures in effect prior to the issuance of this recommendation, and these measures did not prove adequate to identify trapped passengers and crew on the Ecstasy or the Universe Explorer. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 to the NCL Group is classified "Open--Acceptable Response," pending receipt of further information on when emergency call systems will be installed in the crew staterooms on all vessels.

From: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
To: NTSB
Date: 6/17/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 06/26/2002 7:57:47 AM MC# 2020640 All NCL and Orient lines ships' passenger staterooms are equipped with telephones, which are connected to the emergency power systems in case of a main power failure. All telephone systems incorporate a '911' or similar function for emergencies. Therefore, passengers would be able to signal their location should they be trapped in a case of fire. Even though not all of the crew cabins are fitted with a telephone, except the newer vessels, there is a comprehensive evacuation and search plan of all areas, which commences immediately with an incident. The safety organization is specific in the steps to be taken upon discovery of a fire or the sounding of the General emergency alarm. In both cases the initial actions include a comprehensive search for trapped persons. The following text is an extract from the Navigation Standards Manual and the company's SEMS (Safety & Environmental Management System). 3. Search and Rescue: Evacuate the area. Make sure everyone in the fire area, who isn't active/y fighting the fire, gets out of the area. Check cabins, work areas, shops, confined spaces, blind alleys, etc, ASAP. Do it before fire and smoke spreads, and keep track of what has, and hasn't, been checked. Keep people out of the area who are not emergency responders. Account for everyone: Both by muster and by active search, account for all souls who may be in the fire and smoke area (beside/above/below). Make sure that smoke divers completely search the area for those who may not have gotten the initial alarm, who may have been trapped, who may be hurt, who may be overcome by smoke. Rescue all such victims as a first priority! 4. Initial Fire Fighting Actions: 2. Initial actions must be completed quickly. Fire and smoke spread rapidly and the fire can grow out of control in seconds. After a fire alarm had been received or a fire had been reported the following actions should be taken immediately:

From: Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Crystal Cruises
Date: 7/16/2002
Response: Crystal Cruises reports that on all of its ships, emergency calls can easily be made from the telephones available in all staterooms and cabins. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: Crystal Cruises
To: NTSB
Date: 11/29/2001
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 12/07/2001 10:21:23 AM MC# 2010950 All cabins on Crystal Cruises vessels have telephones. In addition, to the extent safety for rescue persons permits, all cabins are searched for persons trapped inside, as well as a muster of persons is taken as quickly as possible. The combination of the above is considered to properly address the issue raised.

From: NTSB
To: Crystal Cruises
Date: 9/28/2001
Response: The Safety Board requested a response from Crystal Cruise within 90 days, addressing the actions taken or intended to implement the recommendations. To date, the Board has not received your response. We would appreciate knowing what action is planned or has been taken to implement these recommendations. Please address your response to Ms. Marion C. Blakey, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendations by number. A copy of the recommendation letter is enclosed.

From: Crystal Cruises
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: American Classic Voyages Company
Date: 10/3/2002
Response: Closed by Notation 6837B adopted 3 OCT 2002. From the Notation Memorandum: Because these companies have ceased operation and are being dissolved, staff recommends that safety recommendations to Renaissance and ACV be classified "Closed-No Longer Applicable" as follows: Renaissance: M-00-6 and -7, and M-01-10 and -18 AMC: M-00-6 and -7, and M-01-7 through -10 and -18

From: NTSB
To: American Classic Voyages Company
Date: 10/2/2001
Response: The Safety Board requested a response from American Classic Voyages Company within 90 days, addressing the actions taken or planned to implement the recommendations. To date, the Board has not received your response. The Board is vitally interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the traveling public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. Please address your response to Ms. Marion C. Blakey, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendations by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letter is enclosed for your convenience.

From: American Classic Voyages Company
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Disney Cruise Line
Date: 1/23/2002
Response: The Safety Board is pleased to learn that all Disney ships' passenger staterooms and crew cabins are equipped with telephones that are connected to the emergency power system. Accordingly, because Disney has implemented a satisfactory means for both passengers and crews trapped during a fire to signal their location on its ships, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: Disney Cruise Line
To: NTSB
Date: 8/14/2001
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 08/21/2001 1:13:46 PM MC# 2010672 Our ships comply with this recommendation since all passenger staterooms and crew cabins are equipped with telephones that are connected to the emergency power system.

From: Disney Cruise Line
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: NTSB
To: Imperial Majesty Cruise Line
Date: 5/24/2006
Response: The Safety Board understands from Captain Vurdubakis's letters that, because these recommendations are not required by the International Maritime Organization (NO) or by the International Council of Cruise Lines, that Imperial Majesty Cruise Line views the above recommendations simply as guidelines to improve passenger and crew safety. The Safety Board recognizes that, for the Regal Empress (Imperial Majesty Cruise Line's only vessel) to operate in the cruise ship trade, it must comply with current IMO regulations, Bureau Veritas classification rules, Bahamas Registry Flag State requirements and C.S. Port State Requirements. Current international regulations require the installation of smoke detectors throughout the vessel that sound in a central location such as the wheel house, and that certain spaces such as the engine room must have fire (heat) detectors that sound locally in the event of a fire. Further, the Board has reviewed the Report to the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC), dated February 15, 2006, from the International Maritime Organization's Subcommittee on Fire Protection (FP 50121), and notes that the FP subcommittee has recommended changes to the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Chapter 11-2, regulation 7, Detection und Alarm. Specifically, the subcommittee is recommending to the MSC, in paragraphs 5.2 and 5.3.1, the following new text to be added at the end of the paragraphs: "Detectors fitted in cabins, when activated, shall also be capable of emitting, or cause to be emitted, an audible alarm within the space where they are located." While the Safety Board certainly applauds the recommendation by the FP and supports the MSC's adoption later this year, the Board's recommendations go beyond these existing regulations and proposed requirements. The Board's recommendations call for all smoke detectors in accommodation spaces, not just those in passenger and crew staterooms, to sound locally. Because Imperial Majesty Cruise Line has not taken action to implement Safety Recommendations M-00-6 and -7, and M-0 1-9 and - 10, as requested, these recommendations are classified "Closed-Unacceptable Action." With respect to Safety Recommendations M-01-7 and -8, because Imperial Majesty Cruise Lines operates only the 50-year-old Regal Empress, which is not similar in any way to the Carnival's Fantasy Class vessels, these recommendations are classified "Closed-Reconsidered." The National Transportation Safety Board is an independent Federal agency charged with investigating marine accidents, determining cause and issuing safety recommendations to prevent recurrence of similar accidents. For your information, eight cruise lines (Celebrity Cruises, Crystal Cruises, Disney Cruise Line, Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines, Radisson Seven Seas Cruises, Royal Caribbean International and Royal Olympic) have taken action as requested to implement Safety Recommendations M-0-6 and -7; nine cruise lines (Carnival Corporation, Crystal Cruises, Disney Cruise Line, Norwegian Cruise Line, Orient Lines, P & 0 Princess Cruises International, Radisson Seven Seas Cruises, Royal Caribbean Cruises and Silversea Cruises) have taken action to implement Safety Recommendation M-01-9; and seven cruise lines have implemented Safety Recommendation M-0 1- 10 (Carnival Corporation, Crystal Cruises, Disney Cruise Line, P & 0 Princess Cruises International, Radisson Seven Seas Cruises, Royal Caribbean Cruises and Silversea Cruises). Two cruise lines (Norwegian Cruise Line and Orient Lines) are nearing completion of action to implement Safety Recommendation M-0 1- 10. Should Imperial Majesty Cruise Line reconsider its position, and implement one or all four of the safety recommendations, and inform the Board of this action in a timely manner, we will consider reclassifying these recommendations.

From: Imperial Majesty Cruise Line
To: NTSB
Date: 12/19/2005
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 1/3/2006 2:07:26 PM MC# 2060012 9-17-05: No formal response from Imperial Majesty Cruise Line, so the Board sent a request for information. 10-15-04: We are in receipt of your letter dated September 17, 2004 regarding the safety recommendations on the above referenced vessel, M/v Regal Empress. Imperial Majesty Cruise Line's top priority is Safety and compliance, the M N Regal Empress holding a Bahamas Registry is and has been in full compliance of all safety rules and regulations as allowed by SOLAS and IMO. The Regal Empress has always been found in full compliance with no deficiencies during our routine Flag, Class and Port State Control inspections and surveys Beside the electronic monitors and smoke detectors we also have a very efficient constant Fire Patrol of crew members who are trained in this task. As the contents of your letter have not been in forced by IMO and ICCL we should however use them as a guide line in order to further improve the safety of the ship for both passengers and crew. Andreas Vurdubaltis, Director Marine Operations/ DPA 12-19-05: We are in receipt of your letter dated December 12, 2005 regarding the safety recommendations on the above referenced vessel, M/V Regal Empress. Our standards for the Company are unchanged. For your reference we arc attaching our response to your letter dated September 17, 2004. As always, Imperial Majesty Cruise Line's top priority is Safety and compliance, the M/V Regal Empress holding a Bahamas Registry and Bureau Veritas Class, has successfully passed all Safety Requirements of all rules and regulations implemented by Class, Flag State, USCG, SOLAS and IMO. If you should have any questions or need further information please do not hesitate to contact me. Andreas Vurdubakis, VP Marine Operations/ DPA

From: NTSB
To: Imperial Majesty Cruise Line
Date: 12/12/2005
Response: Safety Recommendations M-01-7 through -10 were issued on May 14, 2001, as a result of the Safety Board's investigation of a fire aboard the passenger ship Ecstasy on July 20, 1998. The Safety Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the public is provided the highest level of safety and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. We would appreciate receiving an update from you, as the new owner of the Regal Empress, regarding actions taken or planned to implement these recommendations. Please refer to the recommendations by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letters and related correspondence are enclosed for your reference.

From: NTSB
To: Imperial Majesty Cruise Line
Date: 9/17/2004
Response: The Safety Board is aware that Regal Cruise Lines has ceased operations and is no longer in business and that in 2003 Imperial Majesty Cruise Line purchased the Regal Empress. Accordingly, these safety recommendations are being reassigned to Imperial Majesty Cruise Line for action, as they pertain to material condition and operation of the vessel. While several requests were made, the Safety Board never received any information from Regal Cruise Lines regarding these recommendations. The Safety Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the public is provided the highest level of safety and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. We would appreciate receiving an update from you, as the new owner of the Regal Empress, regarding actions taken or planned to implement these recommendations.

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line
Date: 12/13/2006
Response: The Safety Board is pleased to learn that the NCL Group has completed the installation of ultra-high frequency (UHF) radios in the crew cabins on the Marco Polo, Norwegian Dream, and Norwegian Majesty and that all NCL Group vessels now have means in all passenger and crew cabins to contact the bridge or other designated control station to signal their location in an emergency. This action satisfies the intent of the recommendation; accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified Closed Acceptable Action.

From: Norwegian Cruise Line
To: NTSB
Date: 9/26/2006
Response: EMAIL Response: I am confirming that we have completed the installation of the UHF radios in the crew cabins on the Marco Polo, Norwegian Dream, and Norwegian Majesty. I have enclosed pictures of a sample installation. All NCL, NCLA, and Orient Lines ships now have means in all passenger and crew cabins to contact the bridge (or other designated control stations, for that matter) in an emergency. Regards, Pete Randall, VP Environmental & Regulatory Affairs

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line
Date: 8/27/2004
Response: Captain Myrtidis has advised Safety Board staff that the NCL Group is working on this issue and will provide a response to Safety Recommendation M-01-10 in future correspondence. Pending receipt of further information, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 remains classified "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: Norwegian Cruise Line
To: NTSB
Date: 6/18/2004
Response: I will revert with comments for the Safety Recommendation M-01-10, which was issued as a result of the Safety Board's investigation of the July 20, 1998, fire on the passenger ship Ecstasy.

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line
Date: 5/13/2004
Response: To date, the Safety Board has not received any further information on the status of action to complete Safety Recommendations M-00-6 and -7, and M-01-10. The Safety Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. We would appreciate receiving an update from you regarding actions taken or planned to implement the recommendation. Please address your response to Ms. Ellen Engelman Conners, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendation by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letter and related correspondence is enclosed for your reference. Please call me at 202-314-6174 or by email at brownm@ntsb.gov if you have any questions. Thank you for your assistance. Sincerely, Michael T. Brown, Marine Safety Recommendations.

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line
Date: 9/15/2003
Response: Safety Recommendation M-01-10 was classified "Open--Acceptable Response" on October 1, 2002, pending receipt of information from the NCL that emergency call systems had been installed in crew cabins on all vessels. The Safety Board notes that a test of a radio system has been successfully conducted on the SS Norway and that tests will also be conducted on other vessels. After these tests have been completed, the NCL will order and install portable radios, providing all crew cabins with emergency call systems. The Board would appreciate receiving notification of final installation for these systems. Pending receipt of this notification, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 remains classified "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: Norwegian Cruise Line
To: NTSB
Date: 4/16/2003
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 4/18/2003 1:29:02 PM MC# 2030210 So far we performed an evaluation test on the SS Norway, which we consider the most difficult of our vessels in terms of coverage. The test results showed a complete coverage of UHF signal from all crew cabins without telephones. The test was done with UHF IC-F2lS that is powered with 6 AA batteries. The transmission goes into the ships repeater system and it is heard on all UHF radios on that particular channel (Bridge -Engine- Control room - fire fighters etc.). The installation of the portable radios, which will be soon ordered, will satisfy the intent of the safety recommendation. The next test will be done on the Norwegian Majesty and Norwegian Sea. Upon completion of the required tests we will proceed with the order and consequent installation of the portable radios. The same process will continue until we will cover all the vessels with crew cabins without telephones

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line
Date: 1/27/2003
Response: The NCL Group reports that all of the passenger staterooms on their ships are equipped with telephones, which are connected to the emergency power systems in case of a main power failure. The telephone system incorporates a 911 or similar function for emergencies, which enables passengers to signal their location should they be trapped in their stateroom. However, with the exception of the newer vessels, not all of the crew cabins are fitted with telephones. For those crew cabins without telephones, the NCL Group is proposing to install portable radios, which will not only give trapped persons the ability to signal their location, but will also allow for voice communications and the capability to supply information or receive instructions. Further, the NCL Group will ensure full area coverage by installing additional equipment as needed. Instructions for routine inspections and system functions will be inputted in the automated maintenance system. Because the proposed solution would satisfy the intent of the recommendation, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Open--Acceptable Response," pending notification by the NCL Group that the proposed actions have been completed.

From: Norwegian Cruise Line
To: NTSB
Date: 11/22/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 11/22/2002 3:44:41 PM MC# 2020979 As previously stated all NCL and Orient lines ships' passenger staterooms are equipped with telephones, which are connected to the emergency power systems in case of a main power failure. All telephone systems incorporate a '911' or similar function for emergencies. Therefore, passengers would be able to signal their location should they be trapped in a case of fire. All of the crew cabins of the newer vessels are fitted with a telephone, however this does not apply to all of the crew cabins on the rest of our vessels. For those cabins, we propose the installation of portable radios, which will not only give the ability for trapped persons to signal their location, but will also allow for voice communication, and the capability of supplying information or receiving instructions. We will ensure full area coverage by the installation of additional amplifiers as needed. Instructions for routine inspections and system functions will be inputted in our automated maintenance system. Kindly revert with your comments, as we would like to proceed on this project as soon as possible.

From: NTSB
To: Norwegian Cruise Line
Date: 10/1/2002
Response: The NCL Group reports that all of the passenger staterooms on their ships are equipped with telephones, which are connected to the emergency power systems in case of a main power failure. The telephone system incorporates a 911 or similar function for emergencies, which enables passengers to signal their location should they be trapped in their stateroom. However, with the exception of the newer vessels, not all of the crew cabins are fitted with telephones. Although the NCL Group believes that its emergency response procedures compensate for this shortcoming, the Safety Board was very specific in recommending that all passenger and crew staterooms have emergency call systems. Most, if not all, cruise lines had emergency response procedures in effect prior to the issuance of this recommendation, and these measures did not prove adequate to identify trapped passengers and crew on the Ecstasy or the Universe Explorer. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 to the NCL Group is classified "Open--Acceptable Response," pending receipt of further information on when emergency call systems will be installed in the crew staterooms on all vessels.

From: Norwegian Cruise Line
To: NTSB
Date: 6/17/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 06/26/2002 7:57:47 AM MC# 2020640 All NCL and Orient lines ships' passenger staterooms are equipped with telephones, which are connected to the emergency power systems in case of a main power failure. All telephone systems incorporate a '911' or similar function for emergencies. Therefore, passengers would be able to signal their location should they be trapped in a case of fire. Even though not all of the crew cabins are fitted with a telephone, except the newer vessels, there is a comprehensive evacuation and search plan of all areas, which commences immediately with an incident. The safety organization is specific in the steps to be taken upon discovery of a fire or the sounding of the General emergency alarm. In both cases the initial actions include a comprehensive search for trapped persons. The following text is an extract from the Navigation Standards Manual and the company's SEMS (Safety & Environmental Management System). 3. Search and Rescue: Evacuate the area. Make sure everyone in the fire area, who isn't active/y fighting the fire, gets out of the area. Check cabins, work areas, shops, confined spaces, blind alleys, etc, ASAP. Do it before fire and smoke spreads, and keep track of what has, and hasn't, been checked. Keep people out of the area who are not emergency responders. Account for everyone: Both by muster and by active search, account for all souls who may be in the fire and smoke area (beside/above/below). Make sure that smoke divers completely search the area for those who may not have gotten the initial alarm, who may have been trapped, who may be hurt, who may be overcome by smoke. Rescue all such victims as a first priority! 4. Initial Fire Fighting Actions: 2. Initial actions must be completed quickly. Fire and smoke spread rapidly and the fire can grow out of control in seconds. After a fire alarm had been received or a fire had been reported the following actions should be taken immediately:

From: Norwegian Cruise Line
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.

From: Princess Cruise Lines
To: NTSB
Date: 2/25/2005
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 3/3/2005 11:19:52 AM MC# 2050093

From: NTSB
To: Princess Cruise Lines
Date: 1/31/2005
Response: The Safety Board understands that Princess Cruises has installed telephones in the passenger and crew cabins. Further, Board staff discussed this initiative with Captain Brown, who confirmed that the phone systems in the passenger and crew cabins are also emergency-powered for all vessels. Accordingly, because Princess Cruises has installed an emergency call system in both passenger and crew staterooms on all vessels in the fleet as requested, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 to Princess Cruises is classified "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: Princess Cruise Lines
To: NTSB
Date: 9/30/2004
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 10/19/2004 9:01:33 AM MC# 2040632 The following ships, that is all the Princess Cruises fleet, have telephones installed in all passenger staterooms and crew cabins: Caribbean Princess, Coral Princess, Dawn Princess, Diamond Princess, Golden Princess, Grand Princess, Island Princess, Pacific Princess, Regal Princess, Royal Princess, Sapphire Princess, Star Princess, Sun Princess, Tahitian Princess.

From: NTSB
To: Princess Cruise Lines
Date: 5/28/2004
Response: To date, the Safety Board has not received any further information on the status of action to complete Safety Recommendations M-00-6 and -7, and M-01-10. The Safety Board is interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. We would appreciate receiving an update from you regarding actions taken or planned to implement the recommendation. Please address your response to Ms. Ellen Engelman Conners, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendation by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letter and related correspondence is enclosed for your reference. Please call me at 202-314-6174 or by email at brownm@ntsb.gov if you have any questions. Thank you for your assistance. Sincerely, Michael T. Brown, Marine Safety Recommendations

From: NTSB
To: Princess Cruise Lines
Date: 6/14/2002
Response: The Safety Board understands that Princess Cruises intends to install telephones in those crew cabins that currently do not have them. Pending notification from Princess Cruises that this action has been completed, Safety Recommendation M-01-10 is classified "Open--Acceptable Response."

From: Princess Cruise Lines
To: NTSB
Date: 10/30/2001
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 01/29/2002 5:17:42 PM MC# 2020096 Our intention is to fit telephones to those crew cabins that currently do not have them.

From: NTSB
To: Princess Cruise Lines
Date: 10/2/2001
Response: The Safety Board requested a response from P&O Princess Cruises International, Ltd., within 90 days, addressing the actions taken or planned to implement the recommendations. To date, the Board has not received your response. The Board is vitally interested in knowing whether and how its recommendations are implemented, both to ensure that the traveling public is provided the highest level of safety, and to identify creative solutions that might be shared with others. That is why we monitor the implementation of all our recommendations. Please address your response to Ms. Marion C. Blakey, Chairman, National Transportation Safety Board, and refer to the recommendations by number in your response. A copy of the recommendation letter is enclosed for your reference.

From: Princess Cruise Lines
To: NTSB
Date: 6/15/2001
Response: On June 15, 2001, ICCL President Michael Crye advised the Director, Office of Safety Recommendations and Accomplishments, by telephone, that he had been authorized by all but 2 of the cruise lines to respond in their behalf to the Board's recommendations, but that it would take him a few more weeks to get a complete response to the Board. He indicated that he would likely be able to report that action had been taken on three of the four recommendations and that how to accomplish the fourth recommendation was being discussed. It was made clear to Mr. Crye that the Safety Board would like information on the specific actions taken by each cruise line. Mr. Crye requested that he be copied on all NTSB responses to ICCL member cruise lines.