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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation M-16-026
Synopsis: On Thursday, September 24, 2015, about 11:11 a.m. Pacific daylight time, the 2005 DUCK 6 amphibious passenger vehicle (APV) was traveling north on the Washington State Route 99 Aurora Bridge in Seattle, Washington. At the same time, a 2009 Motor Coach Industries motorcoach was traveling south in the center lane. The DUCK 6 driver heard a loud noise at the left front of the APV; the vehicle drifted to the right and then veered left suddenly; the driver lost control of the vehicle. The APV crossed the center line into the southbound lanes of oncoming traffic and struck the motorcoach. Three other vehicles were damaged during the crash event: a southbound 2011 Ram Trucks pickup truck and two northbound vehicles—a 2006 Toyota Highlander sport utility vehicle and a 2007 Toyota Tundra pickup truck. As a result of this crash, five motorcoach passengers died. Seventy-one motorcoach and APV occupants reported injuries ranging from minor to serious.
Recommendation: TO THE UNITED STATES COAST GUARD: Amend Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circular 1-01 to ensure that (1) amphibious passenger vehicle (APV) operators tell passengers that seat belts must not be worn while the vessel/vehicle is operated in the water and (2) before the APV enters the water or departs the dock, the master or other crewmember visually checks that each passenger has unbuckled his or her seat belt.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Open - Acceptable Response
Mode: Marine
Location: Seattle, WA, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Accident #: HWY15MH011
Accident Reports: Preliminary Report - Highway - HWY15MH011Amphibious Passenger Vehicle DUCK 6 Lane Crossover Collision With Motorcoach on State Route 99, Aurora Bridge
Report #: HAR-16-02
Accident Date: 9/24/2015
Issue Date: 1/3/2017
Date Closed:
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: USCG (Open - Acceptable Response)

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
Date: 8/9/2017
Response: We note that you will revise NVIC 1-01 with the recommended seat belt language. In addition, we are encouraged by your efforts to include similar seat belt language on the certificate of inspection. We look forward to receiving further updates of your work toward implementing this recommendation. Until such action is complete, Safety Recommendation M-16-26 is classified OPEN—ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE.

From: USCG
Date: 5/3/2017
Response: -From Charles W. Ray, Vice Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Deputy Commandant for Operations: I concur with this recommendation. The Coast Guard intends to revise Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circular (NVIC) 1-01 to include a policy statement advising APV operators to implement the actions recommended by the NTSB. As a part of that revision, we also intend to add language for inclusion on a vessel’s Certificate of Inspection that reflects the same. I will keep the Board informed of our progress on this recommendation.

From: NTSB
Date: 1/3/2017
Response: On November 15, 2016, the NTSB adopted its report concerning the September 24, 2015, crash in which an amphibious passenger vehicle collided with a motorcoach in Seattle, Washington.1 Additional information about this crash and the resulting recommendations may be found in the report of the investigation, which can be accessed at our website,, under report number NTSB/HAR-16/02. As a result of this investigation, we issued 10 new recommendations, including 3 to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 3 to Ride the Ducks International, 1 to Ride the Ducks of Seattle, 1 to the Passenger Vessel Association, and the following 2 recommendations to the United States Coast Guard.