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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation M-92-024
Details
Synopsis: ON FEBRUARY 20, 1990, THE REFLAGGED 760-FOOT-LONG U.S. TANK SHIP SURF CITY, LOADED WITH NAPHTHA AND AUTOMOTIVE DIESEL OIL, DEPARTED KUWAIT EN ROUTE TO DISCHARGE PORTS IN SOUTHERN EUROPE. AT 1012 ON FEBRUARY 22, THE MASTER AND THE CHIEF MATE WERE STANDING AT THE NO.4 STARBOARD WATER BALLAST TANK ACCESS TRUNK WHEN AN EXPLOSION OCCURRED IN THE TANK. THE TANK AND AREA AFT TO THE DECKHOUSE ON THE STARBOARD SIDE WERE IMMEDIATELY ENGULFED IN FLAMES. THE CREW ABANDONED SHIP IN THE PORT LIFEBOAT AND WERE RESCUED BY THE U.S. NAVY GUIDED MISSILE FRIGATE USS SIMPSON (FFG-56) AT 1053. U.S. NAVAL VESSELS RECOVERED THE MASTER'S REMAINS BUT THE CHIEF MATE IS MISSING AND PRESUMED DEAD. THE FIRE BURNED FOR 2 WEEKS AND 196,985 BARRELS OF THE 606,215 BARRELS OF CARGO WERE LOST. THE VALUE OF THE LOADED CARGO WAS $12.88 MILLION AND ITS SALVED VALUE WAS $6.5 MILLION. THE VESSEL, VALUED AT $30 MILLION BEFORE THE ACCIDENT WAS SOLD IN ITS DAMAGED CONDITION FOR $4.85 MILLION. THE DAMAGE LOSS RESULTING FROM THIS ACCIDENT TOTALED $31.53 MILLION.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE GLENEAGLE SHIP MANAGEMENT COMPANY: DEVELOP AND IMPLEMENT A PROGRAM TO MONITOR THE STRESS LEVELS IN THE CARGO BLOCK ON THE CHESAPEAKE CITY, OCEAN CITY, AND SEA ISLE CITY; TO ANALYZE THE INFORMATION OBTAINED; AND TO IMPLEMENT ANY REPAIRS OR ALTERATIONS NECESSARY TO IMPROVE THE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF THE CARGO BLOCK.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Marine
Location: Other Seas and Gulfs, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA90MM019
Accident Reports:
Explosion and Fire on the U.S. Tank Ship Surf City
Report #: MAR-92-02
Accident Date: 2/22/1990
Issue Date: 4/29/1992
Date Closed: 6/10/1993
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: Gleneagle Ship Management Company, Inc. (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: Gleneagle Ship Management Company, Inc.
Date: 6/10/1993
Response: THE BOARD IS PLEASED TO LEARN THAT GLENEAGLE SHIP MANAGEMENT COMPANY HAS IMPLEMENTED THESE RECOMMENDATIONS. THEREFORE, M-92-22 THROUGH -24 HAVE BEEN CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: Gleneagle Ship Management Company, Inc.
To: NTSB
Date: 3/31/1993
Response: THIS HAS BEEN DISCUSSED WITH BOTH THE DENHOLM GROUP NAVAL ARCHITECT AND AN INDEPENDENT CONSULTANT NAVAL ARCHITECT. THE CONSENSUS OF EXPERT OPINION WAS THAT THE CONSTRUCTION DETAIL OF SOME CONNECTIONS OF THE INTERNAL STIFFENING COULD BE ALTERED TO ALLEVIATE THE APPARENT LOCAL HIGH STRESS AREAS IN CERTAIN INTERNAL MEMBERS. AREAS OF APPARENT HIGHT STRESS CONCENTRATIONS IN INTERNALS (FRAMES AND STIFFENERS) WHERE FRAMING DEFECTS HAVE MANIFESTED THEMSELVES HAVE NOW BEEN MODIFIED IN ACCORDANCE WITHT THE (GUIDANCE MANUAL FOR THE INSPECTION ANDD CONDITION ASSESSMENT OF TANKER STRUCTURES" ISSUED BY THE INTERNATIONAL CHAMBER OF SHIPPING. A COPY OF THIS PUBLICATION HAS BEEN PLACED ABOARD EACH CHESAPEAKE VESSEL AND OUR NAVAL ARCHITECT HAS INSTRUCTED SENIOR OFFICERS ON TANK EXAMINATION PROCEDURES AND INSPECTION TECHNIQUES IN ORDER TO ASSIST SHIPS STAFF IN THE MANDATORY EXAMINATION AND REPORTING PROCEDURES WHICH ARE REQUIRED BY THE COMPANY OPERATING PROCEDURE MANUALS. FOR YOUR INFORMATION THE COMMON AND "CLASSIC" DEFECTS TO THE INTERNALS DESCRIBED IN THE MANUAL ARE THE SAME AS THOSE FOUND AND CORRECTED IN THE SEA ISLE CITY. THE DEFECTS FOUND IN THESE VESSELS WERE HOWEVER LESS SEVERE THAN THOSE DESCRIBED IN THE MANUAL; AND, IN SOME CASES ONLY POTENTIALLY DEVELOPING DEFECTS ALL OF WHICH WERE RESTRICTED TO THE INTERNAL FRAMING AND STIFFENING ONLY. A FINITE STRESS ANALYSIS IS PRESENTLY UNDER "CONSTRUCTION" BY A CONSULTANT IN ORDER TO FULLY IDENTIFY THE MOST HIGHLY STRESSED REGIONS OF THE AFTER INTERNAL MEMBERS IN WAY OF THE NUMBER 4 BALLAST TANKS. THE RESULTS OF THIS ANALYSIS SHOULD BE AVAILABLE WITHIN THE NEXT 2 TO 3 MONTHS. ANY FURTHER RECOMMENDATIONS RESULTING FROM THIS ANALYSIS WILL BE IMPLEMENTED SHOULD THE STRESS CONCENTRATION OF THE FRAMING AND STIFFENING AREAS BE FOUND EXCESSIVE.

From: NTSB
To: Gleneagle Ship Management Company, Inc.
Date: 3/24/1993
Response: OUR RECORDS SHOW THAT WE HAVE NOT RECEIVED A RESPONSE FROM YOUR COMPANY REGARDING THESE RECOMMENDATIONS. WE WOULD APPRECIATE BEING INFORMED ABOUT EFFORTS THAT HAVE BEEN OR ARE BEING MADE TO IMPLEMENT THESE RECOMMENDATIONS.