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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation M-93-043
Details
Synopsis: ON DECEMBER 21, 1992, THE ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES-REGISTERED CONTAINERSHIP JURAJ DALMATINAC COLLIDED WITH THE TANK BARGE DUVAL 2, WHICH WAS BEING PUSHED BY THE U.S. TOWBOAT FREMONT, IN THE HOUSTON SHIP CHANNEL (HSC), GLAVESTON BAY. THE BOW OF THE JURAJ DALMATINAC PENETRATED THE SIDE AND BOTTOM HULL OF THE BARGE, WHICH BUCKLED AND SANK. BOTH CARGO TANKS WERE BREACHED, AND THE BARGE'S CARGO OF MOLTEN SULPHUR SPILLED INTO THE WATERWAY.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE U.S. COAST GUARD: REQUIRE THAT ALL FIRST CLASS PILOTS WHO SERVE ON BOARD VESSELS EQUIPPED WITH AUTOMATIC RADAR PLOTTING AIDS (ARPAS) BECOME KNOWLEDGEABLE IN THE OPERATION ARPA SYSTEMS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action
Mode: Marine
Location: Bays and Sounds, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA93MM006
Accident Reports:
Collision of the U.S. Towboat Fremont and Tow with the St. Vincent and the Grenadines-Registered Containership Juraj Dalamtinac
Report #: MAR-93-02
Accident Date: 12/21/1992
Issue Date: 1/21/1994
Date Closed: 9/12/2001
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: USCG (Closed - Unacceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: USCG
Date: 9/12/2001
Response: The Safety Board notes that the requirements of STCW '95 have been incorporated into Coast Guard regulations at 46 CFR 10.205. However, these regulations are applicable only to personnel on U.S. seagoing vessels. The Safety Board asked that ARPA training be required for all deck officers and all pilots serving on board vessels fitted with an ARPA. Because these regulations apply only to personnel serving on seagoing vessels, excluding all other vessels, Safety Recommendations M-93-42 and -43 are classified "Closed--Unacceptable Action."

From: USCG
To: NTSB
Date: 7/31/2000
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 04/10/2001 6:34:50 PM MC# 2010310 The Coast Guard has amended its regulations on domestic licensing and documentation of personnel on U.S. seagoing vessels in order to implement the 1978 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, as amended in 1995. 46 CFR 10.205(m)(1) requires deck officers to have training in ARPA if they are to receive an STCW certificate or endorsement as master or mate and serve on ships fitted with ARPA on or after I February 2002. Mariners wishing to obtain a pilots license where a Federal License is required for issuance of the pilots license are covered by this regulation.

From: NTSB
To: USCG
Date: 7/14/1998
Response: NTSB REQUESTED A FOLLOWUP.

From: NTSB
To: USCG
Date: 5/21/1997
Response: THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE STCW ARE NOT APPLICABLE TO PILOT LICENSES BECAUSE THEIR ROUTES ARE FOR INLAND SERVICE. HOWEVER, YOUR 8/6/96, LETTER STATES THAT THE NPRM FOR IMPLEMENTING THE 1995 STCW AMENDMENTS UNDER U.S. REGULATIONS (CGD95-062) WILL INCLUDE THE RECOMMENDED REQUIREMENTS FOR A FEDERAL NAVIGATING OFFICER LICENSE, AND THAT THESE REQUIREMENTS WILL BE EXTENDED TO PILOT LICENSES. ACCORDINGLY, RECOMMENDATION M-93-43 WILL REMAIN CLASSIFIED "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE," PENDING PUBLICATION OF THE FINAL RULES.

From: USCG
To: NTSB
Date: 8/6/1996
Response: THE NPRM FOR IMPLEMENTING THE 1995 STCW AMENDMENTS UNDER U.S. REGULATIONS (CGD 95-062) PROPOSES THAT OPERATORS OF SEAGOING VESSELS BE REQUIRED TO HAVE TRAINING IN THE USE OF ARPA IF THE VESSEL IS FITTED WITH ARPA. THE VAST MAJORITY OF U.S. PILOTS MUST HOLD A FEDERAL LICENSE, AND UNDER THIS PROPOSAL, THEY WILL UNDOUBTEDLY ELECT TO BE TRAINING IN THE USE OF ARPA INSTEAD OF HAVING A LIMITATION ON THEIR LICENSE. ON THE OTHER HAND, MANDATING SUCH TRAINING FOR ALL PILOTS WOULD BE UNREASONABLE. AS INDICATED IN THE 1994 NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (NRC) REPORT ENTITLED MINDING THE HELM, "ARPA TECHNOLOGY, WHILE EFFECTIVE FOR COLLISION AVOIDANCE IN OPEN WATERS SITUATIONS, HAS NOT BEEN DEMONSTRATED AS EFFECTIVE FOR CLOSE-QUARTERS MEETING SITUATIONS IN NARROW CHANNELS." THE REPORT ALSO STATES THAT "THE DEVICE SIMPLY DOES NOT HAVE THE RESOLUTION TO SOLVE PROBLEMS INVOLVING CLOSE ENCOUNTERS, NOR HAS THE TECHNOLOGY BEEN ABLE TO GENERATE SOLUTIONS QUICKLY ENOUGH FOR TRANSITS REQUIRING FREQUENT MANEUVERING." SINCE THESE ARE THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH A PILOT TYPICALLY MUST OPERATE, THERE APPEARS TO BE NO COMPELLING REASON TO INSIST ON THE PILOT HAVING SPECIAL TRAINING IN THE USE OF ARPA. IN ANY CASE, AS THE NRC REPORT INDICATES, IT IS THE OFFICER OF THE NAVIGATIONAL WATCH RATHER THAN THE PILOT WHO PRIMARILY EXTRACTS INFORMATION FROM THE ARPA.. THE CG REQUESTS THAT THE STATUS OF THIS RECOMMENDATION BE CHANGED TO OPEN--ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE ACTION.

From: NTSB
To: USCG
Date: 5/26/1994
Response: RECOMMENDATION M-93-42 ASKED THE USCG TO REQUIRE THAT ALL LICENSED DECK OFFICERS WHO SERVE ON BOARD VESSELS EQUIPPED WITH AUTOMATIC RADAR PLOTTING AIDS (ARPA'S) BE CERTIFIED IN THEIR USE. M-93-43 ASKED THE USCG TO REQUIRE THAT ALL FIRST CLASS PILOTS WHO SERVE ON BOARD VESSELS EQUIPPED WITH ARPA'S BE KNOWLEDGEABLE IN THE OPERATION OF ARPA SYSTEMS. BECAUSE THE USCG INTENDS TO INITIATE A REGULATORY INITIATIVE TO ADDRESS THESE TWO ISSUES, M-93-42 & -43 HAVE BEEN CLASSIFIED "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE," PENDING PUBLICATION OF THE FINAL RULES.

From: USCG
To: NTSB
Date: 4/6/1994
Response: I CONCUR WITH THESE RECOMMENDATIONS (M-93-42 & -43). THE USCG IS CURRENTLY DRAFTING A SUPPLEMENTAL NOTICE OF PROPOSE RULEMAKING (SNPRM) THAT WILL PROPOSE TO REQUIRE THAT ALL LICENSED DECK OFFICERS & PILOTS WHO SERVE ON BOARD VESSELS EQUIPPED WITH AUTOMATIC RADAR PLOTTING AIDS TO BE CERTIFIED IN THEIR USE. WE ANTICIPATE PUBLICATION OF THE SNPRM IN SEPTEMBER 1994. I WILL KEEP THE BOARD INFORMED OF OUR PROGRESS REGARDING THESE RECOMMENDATIONS.