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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation P-86-013
Details
Synopsis: ABOUT 10:30 A.M. ON JULY 23, 1985, IN A RURAL AREA ABOUT 8 MILES SOUTH OF KAYCEE, WYOMING, A GIRTH WELD CRACKED DURING A PIPELINE RECOATING PROJECT ON A 23-YEAR-OLD, 8-INCH DIAMETER PIPELINE OWNED BY THE CONTINENTAL PIPE LINE COMPANY. THE CRACKED GIRTH WELD ALLOWED THE RELEASE, ATOMIZATION, AND IGNITION OF AIRCRAFT TURBINE FUEL UNDER 430 POUNDS PRESSURE, KILLING ONE PERSON, BURNING SIX PERSONS, DESTROYING CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT, AND SHUTTING DOWN THE PIPELINE. DAMAGE WAS ESTIMATED AT MORE THAN $128,000.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, GAS PIPING STANDARDS COMMITTEE, AND THE AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE: APPLY THE RESEARCH FINDINGS CONTAINED IN THE BATTELLE COLUMBUS LABORATORIES, "GUIDELINES FOR LOWERING PIPELINES WHILE IN SERVICE" TO DEVELOP GUILDELINES FOR THE SAFE RAISING AND RECOATING OF PIPELINES WHILE IN SERVICE. THE GUIDELINES SHOULD INCLUDE, AT MINIMUM, PROCEDURES FOR THE LIFTING OF PIPE CONSIDERING THE LIFTING FORCES ON THE PIPE AND ON THE GIRTH WELDS, THE LOCATION OF THE GREATEST LIFTING FORCES, AND RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING LIFT LOCATION AND GIRTH WELD INSPECTION PRIOR TO LIFTING.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Pipeline
Location: Kaycee, WY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA85FP016
Accident Reports:
Continental Pipe Line Company Pipeline Rupture and Fire
Report #: PAR-86-01
Accident Date: 7/23/1985
Issue Date: 4/14/1986
Date Closed: 12/13/1996
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: American Petroleum Institute (Closed - Acceptable Action)
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Date: 3/7/1997
Response: P-86-13 Recommended that the committee: Apply the research findings contained in the Baelle Columbus Laboratories' Guidelines for Lowering Pipelines while in Service, to develop guidelines for the safe raising and recoating of pipelines while in service. The guidelines should include at a minimum, procedures for the lifting of pipe considering the lifting forces on the pipe and the girth welds, and the location of the greatest lifting forces, and recommendations concerning lift location and girth weld inspection prior to lifting. Because section 4 of paragraph 192.703 of the guide meets the intent of the recommendation, Safety Recommendation P-86-13 is classified "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
To: NTSB
Date: 6/21/1996
Response: This recommendation asked GPTC to develop guide material based on Batelle guidelines for lowering pipelines while in service. GPTC has published guide material under 192.703, Section 4, as its response to this recommendation.

From: NTSB
To: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Date: 6/20/1989
Response:

From: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
To: NTSB
Date: 5/8/1989
Response: THE B31 GPTC HAS DRAFTED REVISIONS TO GUIDE MATERIAL 4.1 UNDER 192.703. THESE REVISIONS HAVE NOT AS OF YET BEEN APPROVED BY THE COMMITTEE. IT IS THE INTENTION THAT THE PROPOSED REVISIONS WILL BE BALLOTED IN THE NEAR FUTURE.

From: NTSB
To: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Date: 3/21/1989
Response:

From: NTSB
To: American Petroleum Institute
Date: 3/7/1997
Response: P-86-13 RECOMMENDED THAT THE COMMITTEE: APPLY THE RESEARCH FINDINGS CONTAINED IN THE BATTELLE COLUMBUS LABORATORIES' "GUIDELINES FOR LOWERING PIPELINES WHILE IN SERVICE" TO DEVELOP GUIDELINES FOR THE SAFE RAISING & REC-COATING OF PIPELINE WHILE IN SERVICE. THE GUIDELINES SHOULD INCLUDE, AT A MINIMUM, PROCEDURES FOR THE LIFTING OF PIPE CONSIDERING THE LIFTING FORCES ON THE PIPE & ON THE GIRTH WELDS, & THE LOCATION OF THE GREATEST LIFTING FORCES, & RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING LIFT LOCATION & GIRTH WELD INSPECTION PRIOR TO LIFTING. SECTION 4 OF PARAGRAPH 192-703 OF THE GUIDE MEETS THE INTENT OF THE RECOMMENDATION. CONSEQUENTLY, P-86-13 HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION.

From: NTSB
To: American Petroleum Institute
Date: 12/13/1996
Response: THE BOARD STAFF HAS REVIEWED THE AMENDED API STD. 1117 & AGREES THAT IT HAS BEEN AMENDED SUFFICIENTLY TO ENCOMPASS ALL PIPE MOVEMENT & THAT IT ADDRESSES THE FACTORS INCLUDED IN P-86-13. THEREFORE, A-86-13 HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED "CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION."

From: American Petroleum Institute
To: NTSB
Date: 9/27/1996
Response: AN API WORK GROUP REVIEWED API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 1117, FIRST EDITION (API STD. 1117), LOWERING IN-SERVICE PIPELINES (FIRST EDITION) CONSULTED WITH THE PRINCIPAL AUTHORS OF BATTELL'S RESEARCH REPORT ON LOWERING PIPELINES & DETERMINED THAT THE GUIDANCE IN API STD.1117 ( FIRST EDITION( WOULD BE APPROPRIATE TO ALL IN-SERVICE PIPE MOVEMENTS. AS NEEDED, THE STANDARD WAS AMENDED TO DELETE REFERENCES TO THE LOWERING OF PIPELINES.

From: NTSB
To: American Petroleum Institute
Date: 8/5/1996
Response:

From: American Petroleum Institute
To: NTSB
Date: 3/19/1996
Response: GPTC HAS PUBLISHED GUIDE MATERIAL SECTION 4 UNDER 192.703 AS ITS RESPONSE TO THIS RECOMMENDATION.

From: NTSB
To: American Petroleum Institute
Date: 10/28/1993
Response: THE BOARD UNDERSTANDS THAT THE API TASK FORCE RESPONSIBLE FOR DEVELOPING RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 1117, "LOWERING IN SERVICE PIPELINE," WILL CONSIDER MODIFYING THE SCOPE STATEMENT OF THE REPORT TO REFLECT THAT THE METHODOLOGY USED IN LOWERING PIPELINES IS ALSO USED IN RAISING PIPELINES. PENDING FURTHER RESPONSE, RECOMMENDATION P-86-13 WILL REMAIN CLASSIFIED "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: American Petroleum Institute
To: NTSB
Date: 9/8/1993
Response: THE TASK FORCCE RESPONSIBLE FOR DDEVELOPING THE RECOMMENDED PRACTICE CONSIDERED LOWERING OR MOVEMENT AS ALTERNATIVES IN TITLING IT. THEY DECIDED TO USE LOWERING AS IT IS THE MOST FREQUENT APPLICATION. THEY INCLUDED OTHER TYPES OF MOVEMENT IN PARAGRAPH 1.2 APPLICATIONS. WE UNDERSTAND THE CONCERNS EXPRESSED IN YOUR LETTER AND WILL PROVIDE THEM TO THE COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS RECOMMENDED PRACTICE. THEY CAN THEN CONSIDER REVISING THE SCOPE STATEMENT AND TITLE OF THIS PUBLICATION TO REDUCE ANY POSSIBLE CONFUSION.

From: NTSB
To: American Petroleum Institute
Date: 8/10/1993
Response: THE BOARD HAS REVIEWED THE FIRST EDITION OF THE API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 1117, LOWERING IN-SERVICE PIPELINES, WHICH IS BASED ON THE BATTELLE COLUMBUS LABORATORIES' REPORT. THE RECOMMENDED PRACTICE ADDRESSES THE CRITERIA, METHODS, VALUES, & RECOMMENDATIONS THAT SHOULD BE CONSIDERED IN DESIGNING & EXECUTING PRACTICAL & SAFE PIPELINE-LOWERING OPERATIONS. THE SCOPE OF THIS PRACTICE STATES THAT THE GUIDELINES ARE FOR A PIPELINE-LOWERING OPERATION, & THERE IS NO REFERENCE MADE TO THE RAISING OF PIPELINES. API SHOULD DETERMINE IF THE PRACTICE IS APPLICABLE TO THE RAISING OF PIPELINES, AND IF IT IS, THE TEXT IN THE SCOPE SECTION SHOULD BE MODIFIED TO REFLECT ITS USE FOR RAISING PIPELINES. IF ADDITIONAL STRESSES OR DIFFERENT PROCEDURES ARE PRESENT DURING LIFTING, API SHOULD ISSUE AN ADDITIONAL OR MODIFIED PRACTICE. THE UPDATE & ISSUANCE OF PRACTICE 1117 IS A FIRST STEP TOWARD ACCOMPLISHING OUR RECOMMENDATION. BASED ON THIS INFO, P-86-13 HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED "OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE."

From: American Petroleum Institute
To: NTSB
Date: 5/28/1993
Response: I HAVE ENCLOSED A COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION OF API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 1117, LOWERING IN-SERVICE PIPELINES. THIS STANDARD IS BASED ON THE BATTELLE COLUMBUS LABORATORIES' REPORT, "GUIDELINES FOR LOWERING PIPELINES WHILE IN SERVICE," AND WAS RECOMMENDED BY NTSB RECOMMENDATIONS P-86-13.

From: NTSB
To: American Petroleum Institute
Date: 8/29/1989
Response:

From: American Petroleum Institute
To: NTSB
Date: 6/23/1989
Response: (SUMMARIZED) YOU INQUIRED ABOUT THE ACTION THAT API TOOK IN RESPONSE TO YOUR RECOMMENDATION TO NOTIFY MEMBERS. AS IS OUR NORMAL PRACTICE, WE SENT A COPY OF THE NTSB PIPELINE ACCIDENT REPORT TO ALL OF OUR PIPELINE COMMITTEE MEMBERS ON MARCH 6, 1986, AND ENCOURAGED THEM TO REVIEW THE RECOMMENDATIONS AND TAKE ACTION AS APPROPRIATE. AT THE SAME TIME WE INITIATED ACTION TO DEVELOP INDUSTRY GUIDELINES ON MOVING PIPELINES WHILE IN SERVICE AS I REPORTED TO YOU IN MY MAY 5, 1989 LETTER. PROGRESS IS BEING MADE ON THE GUIDELINES AND I WILL PROVIDE YOU WITH A COPY WHEN IT BECOMES AVAILABLE.

From: NTSB
To: American Petroleum Institute
Date: 6/7/1989
Response:

From: American Petroleum Institute
To: NTSB
Date: 5/5/1989
Response: OUR PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE'S DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION COMMITTEE HAS ESTABLISHED A TASK FORCE TO PREPARE INDUSTRY GUIDELINES FOR LOWERING PIPELINES IN A MANNER CONSISTENT WITH THE NTSB'S RECOMMENDATIONS. A LITERATURE SEARCH HAS BEEN COMPLETED AND THE FIRST DRAFT OF THE NEW GUIDE SHOULD BE COMPLETED IN JUNE FOR COMMITTEE REVIEW. THE TASK FORCE CONSIDERED THE BATTELLE STUDY "GUIDELINES FOR LOWERING PIPELINES WHILE IN SERVICE, AS WELL AS OTHER METHODOLOGY. THE STRESSES EVALUATED IN EITHER LOWERING OR RAISING PIPELINES THAT ARE IN SERVICE ARE SIMILAR AND THE PROCEDURES ESTABLISHED IN THIS GUIDE SHOULD PROVIDE FOR SAFER LOWERING OR RAISING OF PIPELINES IN SERVICE. WE WILL BE HAPPY TO PROVIDE YOU WITH A COPY OF THE NEW PUBLICATION WHEN IT BECOMES AVAILABLE. THANK YOU FOR YOUR INTEREST.

From: NTSB
To: American Petroleum Institute
Date: 3/29/1989
Response: