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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation P-95-009
Details
Synopsis: ABOUT 11:55 ON 3/23/94, A 36-INCH DIAMETER PIPELINE OWNED & OPERATED BY TEXAS EASTERN TRANSMISSION CORPORTION (TETCO) RUPTURED CATASTROPHICALLY IN EDISON TOWNSHIP, NEW JERSEY, WITHIN AN ASPHALT PLANT COMPOUND. THE FORCE OF THE RUPTURE & OF NATURAL GAS ESCAPING AT A PRESSURE OF ABOUT 970 PSIG (POUNDS PER SQUARE INCH GUAGE) EXCAVATED THE SOIL AROUND THE PIPE & BLEW GAS HUNDREDS OF FEET INTO THE AIR, PROPELLING PIPE FRAGMENTS, ROCKS, & DEBRIS MORE THAN 800 FEET. WITHIN 1 TO 2 MINUTES OF THE RUPTURE, ONE OF SEVERAL POSSIBLE SOURCES IGNITED THE ESCAPING GAS, SENDING FLAMES UPWARD 400 TO 500 FEET IN THE AIR. HEAT RADIATING FROM THE MASSIVE FIRE IGNITED THE ROOFS OF SEVERAL BUILDING ROOFS IN A NEARBY APARTMENT COMPLEX. OCCUPANTS, ALERTED TO THE EMERGENCY BY NOISES FROM ESCAPING GAS & ROCKS HITTING THE ROOFS, FLED FROM THE BURNING BUILDINGS. APPROXIMATELY 1,500 APARTMENT RESIDENTS WERE EVACUATED. MIRACULOUSLY, NO DEATHS DIRECTLY RESULTED FROM THE RUPTURE & RESULTING FIRE. MOST INJURIES WERE MINOR FOOT BURNS & CUTS THAT THE APARTMENT RESIDENTS SUSTAINED FROM THE HOT PAVEMENT & GLASS SHARDS AS THEY FLED THE COMPLEX. DAMAGE FROM THE ACCIDENT EXCEEDED &25 MILLION.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE AMERICAN PUBLIC WORKS ASSOCIATION: ADVISE YOUR MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC SAFETY CONCERNS ADDRESSED IN THIS ACCIDENT REPORT & URGE THEM TO IMPLEMENT THE IMPROVEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS IN THE TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD'S REPORT 219.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action - No Response Received
Mode: Pipeline
Location: Edison, NJ, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA94MP001
Accident Reports:
Texas Eastern Transmission Corporation Natural Gas Pipeline Explosion and Fire
Report #: PAR-95-01
Accident Date: 3/23/1994
Issue Date: 2/7/1995
Date Closed: 2/26/2001
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: American Public Works Association (Closed - Unacceptable Action - No Response Received)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: American Public Works Association
Date: 2/26/2001
Response: On June 7, 2000, the National Transportation Safety Board sent the American Public Works Association (APWA) a letter requesting information on the status of safety recommendations about which we have never received a response. As noted in the Safety Board’s letter of March 12, 1998, APWA and Safety Board staff met to discuss the 1997 recommendations with the expectation that an APWA follow-on response would be forthcoming. As there has never been a response from APWA to the Board’s June 7, 2000, letter on any of these issues, Safety Recommendations P-95-8 and -9, and P-97-25 through -33, are classified "Closed--Unacceptable Action, No Response Received."

From: NTSB
To: American Public Works Association
Date: 6/7/2000
Response: TO DATE, THE SAFETY BOARD HAS RECEIVED NO RESPONSE FROM APWA AND WOULD APPRECIATE BEING INFORMED ABOUT EFFORTS THAT HAVE BEEN OR ARE BEING MADE TO IMPLEMENT THESE SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS.