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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation R-16-013
Details
Synopsis: On January 12, 2015, at 3:15 p.m. eastern standard time, Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) southbound Yellow Line train 302, with about 380 passengers on board, stopped after encountering heavy smoke in the tunnel between the L’Enfant Plaza station and the Potomac River bridge in Washington, DC. The operator of train 302 told the Rail Operations Control Center (ROCC) that the train was filling with smoke and he needed to return to the station. The WMATA ROCC allowed train 510, following train 302, to enter the L’Enfant Plaza station, which also was filling with smoke. Train 302 was unable to return to the station before power to the electrified third rail, which supplied the train’s propulsion power, was lost. Some passengers on train 302 evacuated the train on their own, and others were assisted in evacuating by first responders from the District of Columbia Fire and Emergency Medical Services Department (FEMS). As a result of the accident, 91 people were injured, including passengers, emergency responders, and WMATA employees, and one passenger died. WMATA estimated the total damages to be $120,000. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has been concerned with the safety of the WMATA rail system since 1970, when it conducted a special study of the proposed transit rail system while it was still under construction. The resulting report, NTSB/RSS-70/1, Study of Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority’s Safety Procedures for the Proposed Metro System, resulted in one safety recommendation to WMATA to “develop the capability within WMATA for system safety engineering and apply system safety principles to all aspects of the proposed [rail] system to identify, assess, and correct those deficiencies identified by the analysis.” This accident is the 13th WMATA rail accident investigated by the NSTB since WMATA rail began operation in 1976. The NTSB has issued 101 safety recommendations to WMATA since 1970.
Recommendation: TO THE WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSIT AUTHORITY: Once action to address Safety Recommendation R-16-12 is completed, train all Rail Operations Control Center personnel on the new procedures for responding to smoke alarms. This training should include regular refresher training.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Open - Initial Response Received
Mode: Railroad
Location: Washington, DC, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA15FR004
Accident Reports: ​Preliminary Report: WMATA Smoke and Electrical Arcing Accident in Washington, DCWashington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority L’Enfant Plaza Station Electrical Arcing and Smoke Accident
Report #: RAR-16-01
Accident Date: 1/12/2015
Issue Date: 5/23/2016
Date Closed:
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (Open - Initial Response Received)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
To: NTSB
Date: 8/18/2016
Response: -From Patrick Lavin, Chief Safety Officer: Response: Upon implementation of the new and updated procedures, WMATA will train ROCC personnel to ensure consistent and correct response to smoke and fire emergencies. This training program will include requirements for refresher training for ROCC personnel. (Estimated Completion: 05/30/18 – See attached CAP: NTSB R-16-13)

From: NTSB
To: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Date: 5/23/2016
Response: On May 3, 2016, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) adopted its report concerning the January 12, 2015,Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) L’Enfant Plaza station electrical arcing and smoke accident.1 Additional information about this accident and the resulting recommendations may be found in the report of the investigation, which can be accessed at our website, http://www.ntsb.gov,under report number RAR-16/01. As a result of this investigation, we issued 31new recommendations, including 2 to the Federal Transit Administration, 1to the mayor of the District of Columbia, 3to the District of Columbia Office of Unified Communications, 1 to the District of Columbia Fire and Emergency Medical Services Department, and the following 24 recommendations to the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. (List of Safety Recommendations). Chairman HART, Vice Chairman DINH-ZARR, and Members SUMWALT and WEENER concurred in these recommendations. The NTSB is vitally interested in these recommendations because they are designed to prevent accidents and save lives. We would appreciate receiving a response from you within 90days detailing the actions you have taken or intend to take to implement them. When replying, please refer to the safety recommendations by number. We encourage you to submit your response electronically to correspondence@ntsb.gov.