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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation R-75-038
Details
Synopsis: AT ABOUT 8:19 A.M., ON JANUARY 2, 1975, PENN CENTRAL COMMUTER NO. 528 PASSED A "STOP-AND-PROCEED" SIGNAL WITHOUT STOPPING AND COLLIDED WITH THE REAR END OF COMMUTER TRAIN 526 AT BOTANICAL GARDENSTATION IN NEW YORK CITY. FOUR CARS OF TRAIN 526 WERE DERAILED; HOWEVER, DAMAGE TO CARS OF BOTH TRAINS WAS MINIMAL. TWO HUNDRED AND SIXTY-FIVE PASSENGERS AND EMPLOYEES WERE INJURED. THREE OF THE INJURED PERSONS WERE ADMITTED TO THE HOSPITAL AND THE OTHERS WERE TREATED AND RELEASED. THERE WERE 34 FRACTURES, 75 WHIPLASH INJURIES,51 NOSE LACERATIONS, AND MANY OTHER FACIAL LACERATIONS. THE TRAINS WERE THOSE OF THE METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY (MTA), WHICHWERE BEING OPERATED BY THE PENN CENTRAL UNDER CONTRACT.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION: Promulgate regulations to establish minimum standards for the interior of commuter cars so that adequate crash injury protection and emergency equipment will be provided passengers. (Superseded by R-84-46)
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Superseded
Mode: Railroad
Location: New York, NY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: 80013
Accident Reports: Collision of Two Penn Central Commuter Trains at Botanical Garden Station
Report #: RAR-75-08
Accident Date: 1/2/1975
Issue Date: 8/7/1975
Date Closed: 7/29/1985
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FRA (Closed - Superseded)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FRA
Date: 7/29/1985
Response: In its report, "Railroad Passenger Equipment Safety," the FRA indicates that the interior design of passenger cars "merits additional study" and that the FRA would "…consult with all the interested parties, including Amtrak and passenger equipment manufacturers that have already made considerable efforts in the area. Among the subjects to be addressed are design and securement of seats, luggage retention, and interior contouring." Over the years, the Safety Board has investigated numerous accidents in which the source of injuries has been inadequately secured seats and unrestrained luggage falling from the overhead racks. The repeatedly has urged both industry and the FRA to resolve this problem. Recently, as a result of its investigation of a railroad/highway grade crossing accident near Wilmington, Illinois, the Safety Board issued Safety Recommendation R-84-46 which urges the FRA to "Expedite the studies on the interior design of passenger cars, described in the January 1984 Report to Congress and publish recommended guidelines for securing seats and for luggage retention devices." Safety Recommendation R-71-06, consequently, was placed in a "Closed-Superseded" status. As a result of its investigations of accidents at Salem, Illinois, on June 10, 1971, New York City on January 2, 1975, and Seabrook, Maryland, on June 9, 1978, the Safety Board issued, respectively, Safety Recommendations R-72-33, R-75-38, and R-79-38 to the FRA. These recommendations stemmed from the Board's findings that passenger injuries continue to occur as a result of the injury-producing features of the passenger car interior. Since most of the injuries that occurred in these accidents were the result of inadequately secured seats or unrestrained luggage falling from overhead racks, which as pointed out above is the topic of the more recently issued Safety Recommendation R-84-46, the Board believes that if the FRA fulfills the intent of Safety Recommendation R-84-46, the objective of Safety Recommendations R-72-33, R-75-38, and R-79-38 also will be met. Consequently, the Board has placed Safety Recommendations R-72-33, R-75-38, and R-79-38 in a "Closed-Superseded" status.

From: FRA
To: NTSB
Date: 4/9/1984
Response: CURRENTLY, THE FRA HAS 16 OPEN NTSB RECOMMENDATIONS PERTAINING TO RAIL PASSENGER OPERATIONS. MOST ARE RELATED TO EQUIPMENT AND INCLUDE CRASHWORTHINESS, INTERIOR DESIGN, AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES. MANY OF THESE RECOMMENDATIONS HAVE BEEN OPEN FOR YEARS, WITH THE OLDEST HAVING BEEN ISSUED IN 1971. I HAVE ENCLOSED A LIST OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS TO THIS LETTER FOR YOUR USE. THE EXHAUSTIVE EFFORT AND ACTION INITIATIVES DESCRIBED BY THE PASSENGER EQUIPMENT SAFETY REPORT ARE RESPONSIVE TO THE ISSUES RAISED BY THE NTSB IN ITS 16 PASSENGER RECOMMENDATIONS. SINCE FRA HAS TAKEN ACTION ON ALL AREAS OF RAIL PASSENGER SAFETY, INCLUDING THE ITEMS RECOMMENDED BY NTSB, I AM HEREBY REQUESTING THAT YOU INITIATE ACTION TO HAVE THESE RECOMMENDATIONS CLOSED.

From: NTSB
To: FRA
Date: 4/9/1984
Response: R-75-038 classified "Closed--Superseded" by R-84-046.

From: FRA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/5/1975
Response: LTR., FROM FRA TO CHAIRMAN: "THE FRA IS PRESENTLY CONDUCTING RESEARCH TO DETERMINE STANDARDS FOR RAIL PASSENGER VEHICLE CRASHWORTHINESS AS WELL AS CRASH INJURY PROTECTION FOR PASSENGERS. INTERIM REPORT OF RAIL VEHICLE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY IS EXSPECTED IN DECEMBER 1976 AND FINAL REPORT IN JUNE 1978. INTERIM REPORT OF OCCUPANT PROTECTION IS EXPECTED IN MARCH 1976 AND FINAL REPORT IN SEPTEMBER 1977. THIS RESEARCH WILL SERVE AS A BASIS FOR THE CONSIDERATION OF FUTURE REGULATIONS."