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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation R-83-091
Details
Synopsis: ON SEPTEMBER 28, 1982, ILLINOIS CENTRAL GULF RAILROAD (ICG) FREIGHT TRAIN EXTRA 9629 EAST (GS-2-28) DERAILED 43 CARS ON THE SINGLE MAIN TRACK OF THE HAMMOND DISTRICT IN LIVINGSTON, LOUISIANA. OF THE DERAILED CARS, 36 WERE TANK CARS; 27 OF THESE CARS CONTAINED VARIOUS REGULATED HAZARDOUS OR TOXIC CHEMICAL COMMODITIES, 2 CONTAINED NONREGULATED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, AND 5 CONTAINED FLAMMABLE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS. A TOTAL OF 20 TANK CARS WERE PUNCTURED OR BREACHED IN THE DERAILMENT. FIRES BROKE OUT IN THE WRECKAGE, AND SMOKE AND TOXIC GASES WERE RELEASED INTO THE ATMOSPHERE. THERMALLY INDUCED EXPLOSIONS OF TWO TANK CARS THAT HAD NOT BEEN PUNCTURED CAUSED THEM TO ROCKET VIOLENTLY. ABOUT 3,000 PERSONS LIVING WITHIN A 5-MILE RADIUS OF THE DERAILMENT SITE WERE EVACUATED FOR AS LONG AS 2 WEEKS. NINETEEN RESIDENCES AND OTHER BUILDINGS IN LIVINGSTON WERE DESTROYED OR SEVERELY DAMAGED. MORE THAN 200,000 GALLONS OF TOXIC CHEMICAL PRODUCT WERE SPILLED AND ABSORBED INTO THE GROUND, REQUIRING EXTENSIVE EXCAVATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL AND ITS TRANSPORTATION TO A DISTANT DUMP SITE. THIS HAS RESULTED IN LONG-TERM CLOSURE OF THE RAILROAD LINE AND AN ADJACENT HIGHWAY. PROPERTY DAMAGE HAS BEEN ESTIMATED TO BE IN EXCESS OF $14 MILLION.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE STATE OF LOUISIANA: EXPAND THE LOUISIANA STATE POLICE "HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AWARNESS PROGRAM" TO FOCUS ON RURAL COMMUNITIES, WHICH HAVE SCHOOLS, BUSINESS DISTRICTS, RESIDENTIAL AREAS, OR HIGHWAYS IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO RAILROAD LINES USED TO TRANSPORT HAZARDOUS MATERIALS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Railroad
Location: Livingston, LA, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA82AR016
Accident Reports: Derailment of Illinois Central Gulf Railroad Freight Train Extra 9629 East (GS-2-28) and Release of Hazardous Materials
Report #: RAR-83-05
Accident Date: 9/28/1982
Issue Date: 8/12/1983
Date Closed: 10/27/1986
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: State of Louisiana (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Hazmat

Safety Recommendation History
From: State of Louisiana
To: NTSB
Date: 9/30/1988
Response: During Fiscal Year 1987-88, the State Police Environmental Emergency Response Training Program provided hazardous materials response training to 2,755 students. These students represented a cross-section of government, industry and business. This program will continue to provide quality training to those groups and individuals requesting assistance.

From: NTSB
To: State of Louisiana
Date: 10/27/1986
Response: The Safety Board appreciates the progress report on the increased number of local emergency response personnel who have received training since the inception of the Environmental Emergency Response Training Program. In this regard, the Board notes that in addition to the 40-hour course that has been taught at the State Police Training Academy to over 300 people, hundreds of 3- to 5-hour presentations have been made throughout the State to thousands of individuals including small town volunteer fire and police departments and emergency medical personnel. The Board again commends the State of Louisiana for its efforts in this area, and based on these ongoing programs, Safety Recommendation R-83-91 has been placed in a "Closed-Acceptable Action" status.

From: State of Louisiana
To: NTSB
Date: 8/28/1986
Response: THE STATE OF LOUISIANA HAS CREATED AN ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGEN CY RESPONSE TRAINING PROGRAM WITH FUNDS DERIVED FROM AN ACT OF THE 1983 LOUISIAN LEGISLATURE. THIS FUND HAS BEEN UTI LIZED BY THE STATE POLICE TO PURCHASE EQUIPMENT AND TO FUND POSITIONS IN AN EFFORT TO TRAIN ALL SEGMENTS OF THE COMMUN ITY THAT MAY HAVE RESPONSE OBLIGATIONS AT THE SCENE OF A HAZARDOUS MATERIAL INCIDENT. SINCE ITS INCEPTION PROGRAM HAS TRAINED OVER 300 PEOPLE AT THE STATE POLICE TRAINING ACADEMY IN BATON ROUGE IN A 40-HOUR "ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE TRAINING PROGRAM." THIS PROGRAM IS UNIQUE IN THAT IT BRINGS TOGETHER ALL SEGMENTS OF THE COMMUNITY THAT WOULD BE INVOLVED IN A HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EMERGENCY. WE HAVE HAD MAYORS, SHERIFFS, CHIEFS-OF-POLICE, FIRE DEPARTMENTS, PUBLIC UTILITY PERSONNEL, STATE-WIDE EMERGENCY RESPONSE PERSONNEL AND INDUSTRY REPRESENTATIVES TOGETHER IN CLASSROOM SITUA TIONS OF 40 TO 50 PEOPLE. THE RESPONSE TO THE PROGRAM HAS BEEN OUTSTANDING AND THERE IS A LONG WAITING LIST FOR FUTURE CLASSES. IN ADDITION, WE HAVE TRAINED AND CONTINUE TO TRAIN SMALLER GROUPS AND AGENCIES IN SHORT 3 TO 5-HOUR PRESENTA TIONS ALL OVER THE STATE. THESE SEMINARS DEAL WITH FIRST RESPONDER AND INITIAL RESPONSE OBLIGATIONS TO HAZARDOUS MATERIAL EMERGENCIES. THESE PROGRAMS ARE TARGETED AT SMALL TOWN VOLUNTEER FIRE AND POLICE DEPARTMENTS AND EMERGENCY MEDICAL PERSONNEL. TO DATE, HUNDRED OF THESE PRESENTATIONS HAVE BEEN DELIVERED AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS HAVE ATTENDED. I HASTEN TO ADD THAT THIS PROGRAM IS NOT OFFERED WITH FEDERAL FUNDING. RATHER, FUNDING COMES FROM THE CHEMICAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY AND THE TAXPAYERS OF LOUISIANA.

From: State of Louisiana
To: NTSB
Date: 7/30/1986
Response: NTSB'S JUNE 19, 1984 LETTER REQUESTING A RESPONSE TO THE RECOMMENDATION ATTACHED. STATE OF LOUISIANA'S LETTER OF JULY 10, 1984 ATTACHED. NTSB'S FOLLOWUP LETTER OF DECEMBER 6, 1984 ATTACHED.

From: NTSB
To: State of Louisiana
Date: 7/30/1986
Response: In reviewing a July 10, 1984, letter signed by Captain William T. Poe of the Louisiana State Police, the Safety Board, in its December 6, 1984 letter, noted the creation of an environmental emergency response training program which was to be directed toward local emergency response personnel. The Board commended the Louisiana State police for this effort and requested a progress report on the increased number of local emergency response personnel that have received training since the creation of the program. We have never received a response to our December 6, 1984, letter. The Safety Board is interested in knowing if the program has proven effective, and we again request a report on the increased number of personnel who have received the training. Safety Recommendation R-93-91 will remain in an "Open-Acceptable Action" status pending a response to the Board's inquiry.

From: NTSB
To: State of Louisiana
Date: 12/6/1984
Response: The creation of an environmental emergency response training program which is to be directed toward local emergency response personnel is an alternative course of action which satisfies the intent of Safety Recommendation R-83-91. As a result of this program, more local emergency response personnel will be trained in the handling of hazardous materials accidents. The Safety Board commends the Louisiana State Police for its efforts. The Board would appreciate receiving a progress report on the increased number of local emergency response personnel that have received training since the creation of this program. Pending further response, Safety Recommendation R-83-91 will be held in an "Open--Acceptable Alternate Action" status.

From: State of Louisiana
To: NTSB
Date: 7/10/1984
Response: STATE OF LOUISIANA LETTER: THE STATE POLICE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS UNIT HAS AN ONGOING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRAINING PROGRAM. THIS PROGRAM IS DIRECTED TOWARD EMERGENCY RESPONSE PERSONNEL FROM POLICE, FIRE, EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND INDUSTRY. DUE TO THE INCREASE IN DEMAND FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS ENFORCEMENT, OUR PUBLIC AWARENESS ACTIVITIES HAVE BEEN CURTAILED SIGNIFICANTLY. ALTHOUGH OUR PRIORITIES HAVE SHIFTED, WE STRIVE TO HONOR ALL REQUESTS FOR TRAINING. LEGISLATION WAS ENACTED IN 1983 WHICH ALLOWS FOR THE CREATION OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE TRAINING PROGRAM. THIS PROGRAM IS TO BE DIRECTED TOWARD LOCAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE PERSONNEL AND WILL BE CONDUCTED AT THE STATE POLICE TRAINING ACADEMY. RECENTLY REGULATIONS HAVE BEEN DRAFTED AND ARE IN THE FINAL APPROVAL STAGE, ESTABLISHING A FORTY-HOUR TRAINING PROGRAM. PLANS ARE FOR THIS PROGRAM TO BE OFFERED AT LEAST QUARTERLY. WE ANTICIPATE IMPLEMENTATION OF THIS PROGRAM LATER THIS YEAR. AS IN THE PAST, THIS SECTION WILL CONTINUE TO HONOR ALL REQUEST FOR ASSISTANCE IN TRAINING. AS MANPOWER BECOMES AVAILABLE, WE HOPE TO EXPAND OUR TRAINING COMMITMENTS.

From: NTSB
To: State of Louisiana
Date: 6/19/1984
Response: The National Transportation Safety Board is an independent Federal agency with the statutory responsibility "to promote transportation safety by conducting independent accident investigations and by formulating safety improvement recommendations" (Public Law 93-633). The Safety Board is vitally interested in any actions taken as a result of its Safety Recommendations. Our records show, however, that we have not received any indication of action taken by the State of Louisiana regarding the recommended actions. We would appreciate being informed as to what efforts were made to implement Safety Recommendation R-83-91. Enclosed is the Safety Board's letter of recommendation with which the recommendation was issued.