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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation R-87-049
Details
Synopsis: AT 4:25 P.M. E.D.T., ON JULY 8, 1986, 15 CARS OF A SOUTH BOUND BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD COMPANY FREIGHT TRAIN CONSISTING OF 44 CARS AND A LOCOMOTIVE, DERAILED WHILE TRAVELING AT 45 MPH NEAR MIAMISBURG, OHIO. THREE OF THE 15 DERAILED CARS WERE TANK CARS CONTAINING YELLOW PHOS PHORUS, MOLTEN SULFUR, AND TALLOW. WHILE DERAILING ON A BRIDGE, THESE TANK CARS WERE EXTENSIVELY DAMAGED, LOST PRODUCT, AND WERE INVOLVED IN THE RESULTING FIRE. APPROX IMATELY 7,000 RESIDENTS FROM A SECTION OF MIAMISBURG WERE INITIALLY EVACUATED AS A SAFETY PRECAUTION. ON THE FOL LOWING DAY AS A WRECKAGE-CLEARING CREW CONTRACTED BY THE RAILROAD WAS PREPARING TO REMOVE THE SMOLDERING PHOSPHORUS TANK CAR, A CONCRETE STRUCTURE SUPPORTING THE TANK CAR COL LAPSED AND SEVERAL HUNDRED GALLONS OF MOLTEN PHOSPHORUS IN SIDE THE TANK CAR ESCAPED AND IGNITED, RESULTING IN AN EX TENSIVE CLOUD OF PHOSPHORUS COMBUSTION EFFLUENTS. DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS, A 3-SQUARE-MILE AREA OF MONTGOMERY COUN TY, OHIO, WAS EVACUATED, FORCING AN ESTIMATED 30,000 PEOPLE TO LEAVE THEIR HOMES AND BUSINESSES; 569 PERSON WERE TREATED FOR VARIOUS COMPLAINTS DURING THE INCIDENT. TOTAL PROPERTY DAMAGE WAS APPROXIMATELY $3,540,000, INCLUDING THE COST OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS CLEANUP.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION: DEVELOP AND IMPLEMENT A PROGRAM FOR EFFECTIVELY REVIEWING AND EVALUATING ALL ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN RAILROADS, TANK CAR REPAIR FACILITIES, AND TANK CAR MANUFACTURERS UNDER THE AUTHORITIES DELEGATED TO THEM TO DETERMINE THAT ALL ACTIONS COMPLY WITH FEDERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TANK CAR DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, MODIFICATION, OPERATION, AND REPAIR.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Railroad
Location: Miamisburg, OH, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA86HZ003
Accident Reports: Derailment of CSX Transportation Extra 7614​​Hazardous Materials Release Following the Derailment of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company Train No. SLFR
Report #: HZM-87-01
Accident Date: 7/8/1986
Issue Date: 10/16/1987
Date Closed: 1/8/1991
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FRA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Hazmat

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FRA
Date: 1/8/1991
Response:

From: FRA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/3/1990
Response: FRA responded on May 21, 1990, submitting responses on each recommendation based on the findings from our tank car assessment. The "Report On Tank Cars' addresses all of these recommendations. The staff group agreed that the material discussed should lead to closing these recommendations based on acceptable action.

From: FRA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/21/1990
Response: DOT'S PROGRAM FOR REVIEW AND EVALUATION INCLUDES ATTENDANCE AT THE TANK CAR COMMITTEE MEETINGS, PERIODIC AUDITS OF THE OPERATIONS OF AAR'S HEADQUARTERS OFFICE, AND PERIODIC INSPECTIONS OF TANK CAR MANUFACTURING AND REPAIR INSTALLA TIONS. THESE ASSETS, PLUS AAR'S OWN INTERNAL AUDITS, ARE AN EFFECTIVE PROGRAM AND ENTIRELY HARMONIOUS WITH YOUR RECOM MENDATION. IN ADDITION, THE MONITORING AND CRITIQUE ACTIVI TIES DISCUSSED ABOVE IN RELATION TO RECOMMENDATION R-85-99 WILL ENHANCE THE PROGRAM OF ENSURING THAT TANK CARS USED FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SERVICE COMPLY WITH FEDERAL REGULATIONS.