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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation R-87-050
Details
Synopsis: AT 4:25 P.M. E.D.T., ON JULY 8, 1986, 15 CARS OF A SOUTH BOUND BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD COMPANY FREIGHT TRAIN CONSISTING OF 44 CARS AND A LOCOMOTIVE, DERAILED WHILE TRAVELING AT 45 MPH NEAR MIAMISBURG, OHIO. THREE OF THE 15 DERAILED CARS WERE TANK CARS CONTAINING YELLOW PHOS PHORUS, MOLTEN SULFUR, AND TALLOW. WHILE DERAILING ON A BRIDGE, THESE TANK CARS WERE EXTENSIVELY DAMAGED, LOST PRODUCT, AND WERE INVOLVED IN THE RESULTING FIRE. APPROX IMATELY 7,000 RESIDENTS FROM A SECTION OF MIAMISBURG WERE INITIALLY EVACUATED AS A SAFETY PRECAUTION. ON THE FOL LOWING DAY AS A WRECKAGE-CLEARING CREW CONTRACTED BY THE RAILROAD WAS PREPARING TO REMOVE THE SMOLDERING PHOSPHORUS TANK CAR, A CONCRETE STRUCTURE SUPPORTING THE TANK CAR COL LAPSED AND SEVERAL HUNDRED GALLONS OF MOLTEN PHOSPHORUS IN SIDE THE TANK CAR ESCAPED AND IGNITED, RESULTING IN AN EX TENSIVE CLOUD OF PHOSPHORUS COMBUSTION EFFLUENTS. DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS, A 3-SQUARE-MILE AREA OF MONTGOMERY COUN TY, OHIO, WAS EVACUATED, FORCING AN ESTIMATED 30,000 PEOPLE TO LEAVE THEIR HOMES AND BUSINESSES; 569 PERSON WERE TREATED FOR VARIOUS COMPLAINTS DURING THE INCIDENT. TOTAL PROPERTY DAMAGE WAS APPROXIMATELY $3,540,000, INCLUDING THE COST OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS CLEANUP.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION: EVALUATE ANNUALLY THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN RAILROADS TANK CAR SPECIFICATIONS TO DETERMINE THAT THE INSTRUCTIONS AND GUIDANCE PROVIDED ON TANK CAR DESIGN AND CONSISTENT WITH FEDERAL REQUIREMENTS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action
Mode: Railroad
Location: Miamisburg, OH, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA86HZ003
Accident Reports: Derailment of CSX Transportation Extra 7614​​Hazardous Materials Release Following the Derailment of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company Train No. SLFR
Report #: HZM-87-01
Accident Date: 7/8/1986
Issue Date: 10/16/1987
Date Closed: 1/8/1991
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FRA (Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action)
Keyword(s): Hazmat

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FRA
Date: 1/8/1991
Response:

From: FRA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/3/1990
Response: FRA responded on May 21, 1990, submitting responses on each recommendation based on the findings from our tank car assessment. The "Report On Tank Cars' addresses all of these recommendations. The staff group agreed that the material discussed should lead to closing these recommendations based on acceptable action.

From: FRA
To: NTSB
Date: 5/21/1990
Response: AS NOTED IN THE DISCUSSION OF FRA'S FULFILLMENT OF RECOM MENDATION R-87-48, PROCEDURES HAVE CHANGED AND THE DEPART MENT NOW RECEIVES FULL REPORTING BY AAR. OUR ACCESS TO THESE PROCEEDINGS AND FILES, AUGMENTED WITH FRA'S PARTICIPA TION AT THE ANNUAL AND SEMI-ANNUAL MEETINGS ASSURES THAT THE SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS ARE CONSISTENT WITH FEDERAL REQUIREMENTS. FRA BELIEVES THAT ITS REVIEW OF THE TANK CAR SPECIFICATIONS IS CONTINUOUS, OR DAILY, RATHER THAN ANNUALLY, AND THAT SUCH REVIEW IS BETTER THAN A ONCE-A-YEAR ACTIVITY.