Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation R-96-021
Details
Synopsis: ABOUT 6:12 A.M. ON 6/5/95, A NEW YORK CITY TRANSIT (NYCT) SOUTHBOUND SUBWAY TRAIN TRAVELING AT MAXIMUM ATTAINABLE SPEED PASSED A RED SIGNAL & COLLIDED WITH THE REAR CAR OF ANOTHER NYCT SUBWAY TRAIN THAT WAS STOPPED ON THE WILLIAMSBURG BRIDGE, WHICH SPANS THE EAST RIVER & WHICH LINKS THE BOROUGHS OF BROOKLYN & MANHATTEN. THE OPERATOR OF THE STRIKING TRAIN WAS FATALLY INJURED WHEN THE LEAD CAR OF HIS TRAIN PARTIALLY TELESCOPED INTO THE REAR CAR OF THE STRUCK TRAIN & HIS CAB WAS TOTALLY CRUSHED. SIXTY-SEVEN PASSENGERS & TWO EMERGENCY RESPONDERS WERE TREATED AT AREA HOSPITALS FOR SERIOUS OR MINOR INJURIES RESULTING FROM THE ACCIDENT.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE AMERICAN PUBLIC TRANSIT ASSOCIATION: ASSIST THE FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION IN DEVELOPING A FATIGUE EDUCATIONAL AWARENESS PROGRAM FOR TRANSIT AGENCIES TO USE IN THEIR FITNESS-FOR-DUTY TRAINING FOR SUPERVISORS & EMPLOYEES INVOLVED IN SAFETY-SENSITIVE POSITIONS.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Railroad
Location: BROOKLYN, NY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA95MR003
Accident Reports:
​Collision Involving Two New York City Subway Trains on the Williamsburg Bridge in Brooklyn, New York, June 5, 1995
Report #: RAR-96-03
Accident Date: 6/5/1995
Issue Date: 9/11/1996
Date Closed: 1/23/2002
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: American Public Transportation Association (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Fatigue, Training and Education

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: American Public Transportation Association
Date: 1/23/2002
Response: The Safety Board has reviewed the various research projects and brochures included with Mr. Hull’s response. We understand that the body of research that has been completed on the effects of fatigue on human performance is significant and more than sufficient to demonstrate that transit operators must seek to mitigate its impact on their operations. Prior research activities, as well as fatigue mitigation efforts in other industries, provide the transit industry with a good basis for understanding where to focus efforts in dealing with this issue. We also note that the FTA, with APTA’s assistance, has developed a fatigue awareness program that has been incorporated into the Transportation Safety Institute’s core curriculum. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation R-96-21 is classified "Closed-Acceptable Action."

From: American Public Transportation Association
To: NTSB
Date: 4/19/2001
Response: APTA letter dated April 19, 2001 MC#2010345: 1. APTA’s Rail Safety Audit Program and Bus Safety Management Program include elements pertaining to "Employee Safety Programs" and "Drug and Alcohol Programs." 2. APTA partnership with the Transportation Safety Institute in developing "Fatigue Awareness Seminar for Employees" and "Fatigue Awareness Seminar for Supervisors." 3. APTA partnership with Federal Transit Administration in delivery of Fatigue/Alertness symposiums. 4. APTA Rail Conference and Annual Meeting sessions on fatigue and fitness for duty. 5. APTA industry-wide survey on fatigue (1999); results to be posted later this year. 6. APTA sponsorship of Transit Cooperative Research Project, "Transit Operator Fatigue: A Toolbox for U.S. Operators." (current)

From: NTSB
To: American Public Transportation Association
Date: 8/16/2000
Response: THE SAFETY BOARD WOULD APPRECIATE LEARNING OF ANY ACTIONS THE APTA HAS TAKEN OR INTENDS TO TAKE TO ADDRESS R-93-27, R-96-21, R-96-47, R-97-08, AND R-97-45.

From: NTSB
To: American Public Transportation Association
Date: 3/25/1997
Response: THE BOARD IS PLEASED THAT APTA WELCOMES THE OPPORTUNITY TO WORK WITH FTA TO DEVELOP THE RECOMMENDED PROGRAM. THE BOARD ALSO NOTES THAT APTA IS EXCEEDIDNG THE INTENT OF THE RECOMMENDATION BY SPONSORING SESSIONS ON FATIGUE EDUCATIONAL AWARENESS SUCH AS THE 1996 RAPID TRANSIT CONFERENCE IN ATLANTA. PENDING APTA'S COLLABORATION WITH THE FTA ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF A FATIGUE EDUCATIONAL AWARENESS PROGRAM, R-96-21 IS CLASSIFIED "OPEN--EXCEEDS RECOMMENDED ACTION."

From: American Public Transportation Association
To: NTSB
Date: 9/26/1996
Response: FRANK J. CIHAK WROTE ON 9/26/96 DESCRIBING APTA ACTIVITIES REGARDING FATIGUE & PLEDGING FULL COOPERATION WITH THE FTA IN RESPONSE TO THIS RECOMMENDATION & PLEDGED APTA'S FULL SUPPORT OF FTA ONCE IT BEGINS TO RESPOND TO THIS RECOMMENDATION.

From: NTSB
To: American Public Transportation Association
Date:
Response: At the 1990 Board meeting addressing the NTSB’s Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements (MWL), the Board voted to place Safety Recommendations I-89-1 through I-89-3 and R-89-19 on the MWL under the issue category “Cross Modal Human Fatigue/ Hours-of-Work Policy.” Safety Recommendations H-95-1, A-94-194, A-95-113, A-97-71, A-99-45, I-99-1, H-99-19, R-91-45, R-91-47, R-91-48, R-96-20 through R-96-22, R-96-56, R-99-2, P-98-30, P-99-12, M-99-1, A-06-10, A-07-30, A-07-32, and A-08-44 were added to this category at later dates.