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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation R-97-034
Details
Synopsis: ABOUT 5:38 P.M. ON 2/16/96, EASTBOUND MARYLAND RAIL COMMUTER (MARC) TRAIN 286 COLLIDED WITH WESTBOUND NATIONAL RAILROAD PASSENGER CORPORATION (AMTRAK) TRAIN 29, THE CAPITOL LIMITED, AT MILEPOST 8.55 ON CSX MAIN TRACK NEAR SILVER SPRING, MARYLAND. THE MARC TRAIN WAS OPERATING IN THE PUSH MODE IN REVENUE SERVICE BETWEEN BRUNSWICK , MARYLAND, & WASHINGTON, D.C.; IT CONSISTED OF A LOCOMOTIVE & THREE COMMUTER CARS. THE AMTRAK TRAIN, OPERATING IN REVENUE SERVICE BETWEEN WASHINGTON D.C., & CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, CONSISTED OF 2 LOCOMOTIVES & 15 CARS.
Recommendation: THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE MARYLAND MASS TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION: DEVELOP IMPLEMENT, IN COOPERATION WITH CSX TRANSPORTATION INC., A COMPLETE TRAINING AGENDA FOR ALL CSX TRANSPORTATION INC. PASSENGER TRAINCREWS THAT PROVIDES EXPERIENCE IN THE CORRECT USE OF EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT, IN EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS PROCEDURES, & IN PASSENGER EVACUATION & ASSISTANCE IN AN EMERGENCY & ALSO INCLUDES THE DISTRIBUTION OF A COMPREHENSIVE EMPLOYEE GUIDANCE MANUAL.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Railroad
Location: Silver Spring, MD, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA96MR004
Accident Reports: Collision and Derailment of Maryland Rail Commuter MARC Train 286 and National Railroad Passenger Corporation AMTRAK Train 29
Report #: RAR-97-02
Accident Date: 2/16/1996
Issue Date: 8/28/1997
Date Closed: 5/25/2001
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: State of Maryland, Transit Administration (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Communication, Evacuation, Training and Education

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: State of Maryland, Transit Administration
Date: 5/25/2001
Response: The Safety Board notes that in 1996, all Amtrak and CSX employees in MARC service received direct training from supervisors on the use of emergency equipment carried on MARC trains. Additionally, in April and May of 1999, Amtrak's PREPARE 2000 (Passenger Railroad Emergency Preparedness and Response Education) was implemented for all MARC engineers and conductors. The Board also notes that the PREPARE 2000 training program stresses communications procedures for both passenger information and notification to control centers, as well as interaction with outside responders and incident command. PREPARE 2000 also provides instruction in passenger evacuation and assistance. Finally, the Board notes that a video that covers evacuation of trains and interaction with emergency responders was distributed in early 1997 to all Amtrak and CSX crews in MARC service. The Board appreciates these actions taken by the MTA in response to the several elements in Recommendation R-97-34. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation R-97-34 is classified "Closed-Acceptable Action."

From: State of Maryland, Transit Administration
To: NTSB
Date: 11/29/2000
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 12/05/2000 6:34:51 PM MC# 2001752 R-97-34 recommended that MTA develop and implement, in cooperation with CSX Transportation, Inc., a complete training agenda for all CSX Transportation Inc. passenger train crews, that provides experience in the correct use of emergency equipment, in emergency communications procedures, and in passenger evacuation and assistance in an emergency and also includes the distribution of a comprehensive employee guidance manual. In 1996 all Amtrak and CSX employees in MARC service received direct training from supervisors on the use of emergency equipment on MARC equipment. Amtrak, in conjunction with MTA, developed a video, which was distributed to all Amtrak and CSX crews in MARC service in early 1997. In addition to emergency equipment procedures, the video covered evacuation of trains and interaction with emergency responders. The contents of the video were reviewed in sessions with all Amtrak and CSX crews in MARC service. Amtrak's PREP ARE 2000 (Passenger Railroad Emergency Preparedness and Response Education) was implemented for all MARC engineers and conductors in April and May of 1999. Follow-up classes were held in January and Apri12000. This two-day program provides training in how to respond to onboard emergencies. The course defines various emergency situations and describes proper actions to be taken by various members of the train crew. Communications procedures are stressed for both passenger information and notification to control centers, as well as interaction with outside responders, and incident command. Employees spend one day learning Red Cross first aid, CPR and rescue breathing. The second day covers emergency evacuation techniques, response to bomb threats, fire, medical problems and specialized evacuation situations, such as bridges and tunnels. Participants are also given hands-on training in use of emergency tools, including the actual discharge of a fire extinguisher. All scenarios take place on the MARC equipment normally operated by the participants, to reinforce the learned techniques. To date, 119 MARC Amtrak and CSX train and engine service employees have attended this class, as well as 11 Amtrak management and mechanical employees in MARC service. The course is also available to MTA employees involved in MARC operations. This class is required every two years, and a two-day refresher course will be conducted in 200 1, for all employees in MARC service.

From: State of Maryland, Transit Administration
To: NTSB
Date: 10/9/1997
Response: