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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation H-03-009
Synopsis: On February 1, 2002, about 8:00 p.m., on the outer lanes of Interstate 95/495 near Largo, Maryland, a 1998 two-door Ford Explorer Sport, traveling northbound at an estimated speed of 70 to 75 mph, veered off the left side of the roadway, crossed over the median, climbed up a guardrail, flipped over, and landed on top of a southbound 2001 four-door Ford Windstar minivan. Subsequently, a 1998 four-door Jeep Grand Cherokee ran into the minivan. Of the eight people involved in the accident, five adults were fatally injured, one adult sustained minor injuries, and two children were uninjured.
Recommendation: TO 34 STATES: Add driver distraction codes, including codes for interactive wireless communication device use, to your traffic accident investigation forms.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Open - Acceptable Response
Mode: Highway
Location: Largo, MD, United States
Is Reiterated: Yes
Is Hazmat: No
Accident #: HWY02MH009
Accident Reports: Ford Explorer Sport Collision with Ford Windstar Minivan and Jeep Grand Cherokee on Interstate 95/495
Report #: HAR-03-02
Accident Date: 2/1/2002
Issue Date: 6/13/2003
Date Closed:
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: Commonwealth of Kentucky (Closed - Reconsidered)
Commonwealth of Virginia (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Alabama (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Alaska (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Arizona (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Arkansas (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Colorado (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Connecticut (Open - Unacceptable Response)
State of Delaware (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Georgia (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Hawaii (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Idaho (Open - Acceptable Response)
State of Illinois (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Indiana (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Kansas (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Louisiana (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Maine (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Mississippi (Open - Acceptable Response)
State of Missouri (Closed - Reconsidered)
State of Nevada (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of New Hampshire (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of New Mexico (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of North Carolina (Open - Acceptable Response)
State of North Dakota (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Ohio (Open - Acceptable Response)
State of Rhode Island (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of South Carolina (Closed - Reconsidered)
State of South Dakota (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Utah (Closed - Reconsidered)
State of Vermont (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Washington (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of West Virginia (Closed - Acceptable Action)
State of Wisconsin (Open - Acceptable Response)
State of Wyoming (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Distraction

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: State of Hawaii
Date: 4/24/2012
Response: Notation 8403: The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has reviewed the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) notice of proposed federal guidelines, "Visual-Manual NHTSA Driver Distraction Guidelines for In-Vehicle Electronic Devices" (proposed guidelines), which was published at 77 Federal Register 11200 (February 24, 2012). The nonbinding, voluntary guidelines represent one component of NHTSA's Driver Distraction Program, and are a useful step toward addressing the problem of driver distraction. Specifically, NHTSA is proposing a long-term, phased approach, through the issuance of guidelines to address the distraction potential of in-vehicle and portable electronic devices (PED). This initial proposal only addresses guidelines for the first of three planned phases and concerns the visual-manual interface of devices installed in vehicles as original equipment. The second phase will include PEDs and aftermarket devices, and the third phase will expand the guidelines to include auditory-vocal interfaces. The NTSB supports NHTSA's efforts to promote attentive driving but is concerned about the rapid migration of potentially distracting navigation, communications, and information and entertainment systems into vehicles. Issuing guidelines is one important step of many necessary to ensure appropriate safety oversight of the design and use of in-vehicle systems, aftermarket devices, and PEDs-which can distract drivers from the critical task of safely operating a motor vehicle. The following are suggestions for NHTSA to maximize the effectiveness of these guidelines. They discuss NHTSA's underemphasis of the cognitive component of operating in-vehicle information systems, the need to record data about in-vehicle communication system use in the event of crashes, the importance of moving quickly toward requiring collision avoidance technologies on all vehicles, and the need to evaluate in-vehicle technologies in large commercial vehicles. Background On March 27, 2012, the NTSB hosted a forum on Attentive Driving: Countermeasures for Distraction that examined countermeasures to mitigate distracted driving behaviors. Forum panelists discussed the findings of distracted driver research, distracted driving laws and enforcement, changing attitudes and behaviors through education and outreach, and technology and design countermeasures. The forum was the culmination of a decade of accident investigations involving distractions in all modes of transportation. The following paragraphs summarize NTSB highway investigations that have resulted in recommendations to reduce driver-distraction-related accidents and fatalities. On August 5, 2010, a highway accident occurred in Gray Summit, Missouri, I in which a pickup truck, whose driver was engaged in texting, rear-ended the back of a tractor and set off a series of collisions that killed two people. On December 13, 2011, as a result of its investigation of the accident, the NTSB called on the 50 states and the District of Columbia to ban the nonemergency use of PEDs while dri