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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation R-10-020
Details
Synopsis: On Monday, June 22, 2009, about 4:58 p.m., eastern daylight time, inbound WMATA Metrorail train 112 struck the rear of stopped inbound Metrorail train 214. The accident occurred on aboveground track on the Metrorail Red Line near the Fort Totten station in Washington, D.C. The lead car of train 112 struck the rear car of train 214, causing the rear car of train 214 to telescope1 into the lead car of train 112, resulting in a loss of occupant survival space in the lead car of about 63 feet (about 84 percent of its total length). Nine people aboard train 112, including the train operator, were killed. Emergency response agencies reported transporting 52 people to local hospitals. Damage to train equipment was estimated to be $12 million.
Recommendation: TO THE WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN TRANSIT AUTHORITY: Remove all 1000-series railcars as soon as possible and replace them with cars that have crashworthiness collision protection at least comparable to the 6000-series railcars.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Railroad
Location: Washington, D.C., DC, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA09MR007
Accident Reports: Collision of Two Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Metrorail Trains Near Fort Totten Station
Report #: RAR-10-02
Accident Date: 6/22/2009
Issue Date: 8/10/2010
Date Closed: 2/1/2018
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Crashworthiness,Transit

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Date: 2/1/2018
Response: Thank you for providing documentation verifying that Kawasaki performed crashworthiness testing and confirming that your 7000-series passenger cars are comparable to the 6000-series cars. We are pleased that you replaced the 1000-series cars with the 7000-series cars, and also that you retired the 4000-series cars with no negative impact on fleet availability. Accordingly, Safety Recommendation R-10-20 is classified CLOSED--ACCEPTABLE ACTION.

From: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
To: NTSB
Date: 11/3/2017
Response: -From Angel Pena, Managing Director, Quality Assurance, Internal Compliance and Oversight (QICO), WMATA: Please find the attached documentation to support the closure of safety recommendation NTSB R-10-20, which requires that WMATA remove all 1000- and 4000-series railcars and replace them with cars that have crashworthiness protection at least comparable to the 6000-series railcars. WMATA previously submitted documentation to support closure of this recommendation on August 11, 2017. On October 31, 2017, NTSB requested additional documentation that shows that "7000- series cars have at least the same or better crashworthiness as the 6000-series cars." Attached to this letter are two documents to support this request: • Excerpt of the 7000-series Technical Specifications dated August 16, 2010 (section 10.4.9: Crashworthiness Analysis and Verification) • Kawasaki Crashworthiness Analysis for Carbody (CORL No. PDR1006.03) dated October 11, 2011 Completion of actionable items demonstrates our organizational commitment to improving the safety and reliability of the Metrorail system. Please contact me for any additional information or clarification.

From: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
To: NTSB
Date: 8/11/2017
Response: -From Angel Pena, Managing Director, Quality Assurance, Internal Compliance and Oversight (QICO): As a follow-up to our correspondence on January 10, 2017, please find the attached documentation to support the closure of Safety Recommendation NTSB R-10-20: Remove all 1000-series railcars and replace them with cars that have crashworthiness protection at least comparable to the 6000-series railcars. Subsequent to the original issuance of the Safety Recommendation on August 10, 2010, WMATA informed NTSB of our intention to retire and replace the 4000-series in tandem with the 1000-series railcars. Completion of actionable items demonstrates our organizational commitment to improve the safety and reliability of the Metrorail system, our riders and employees. Please see the attached response and feel free to contact me for any additional information or clarification.

From: NTSB
To: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Date: 1/10/2017
Response: We are pleased that you have begun replacing all 1000-series railcars with 7000-series railcars, and that you plan to retire twelve 1000-series cars per month. We note that, in tandem with the 1000-series railcar replacement, you will begin retiring your 4000-series railcars at a rate of four per month. We support your decision to retire the 4000-series railcars based on their poor reliability, as evidenced, for example, by two safety incidents that occurred when doors remained open during revenue service, which alone is a significant reason to retire them. Additionally, there has been no substanital overhaul of these railcars’ door systems in 24 years. We also support your proposed monthly schedule for retiring the railcars. Please update us on your 7000-series car integration at 6-month intervals so we can monitor your progress toward completing the transition by December 2017, as stated in Mr. Lavin’s letter. Given the information provided in Mr. Lavin’s letter, Safety Recommendation R-10-20 is classified OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE.

From: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
To: NTSB
Date: 10/7/2016
Response: -From Patrick Lavin, Chief Safety Officer: The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) previously provided the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) with recommendation #16-10-20 "Remove all 1000-series railcars as soon as possible and replace them with cars that have crashworthiness collision protection at least comparable to the 6000-series railcar." WMATA intends to comply with this recommendation by the approved completion date of December 2017. In addition, we are informing the NTSB that we will also be commencing with retirement of the 4000-series railcars in tandem with the ongoing disposal of the 1000-series railcars. There will be no negative impact to fleet availability as these series railcars are being replaced by the 7000-series railcars.

From: NTSB
To: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Date: 10/23/2013
Response: We encourage you to submit your reply regarding actions to address Safety Recommendations R-08-4, R-09-16, R-10-12, R-10-13, R-10-16, R-10-17, R-10-20, R-10-21, and R-10-22 at the following e-mail address: correspondence@ntsb.gov. If your response, including attachments, exceeds 10 megabytes, please e-mail us at the same address for instructions. Please do not submit both an electronic copy and a hard copy of the same response.

From: NTSB
To: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Date: 4/5/2011
Response: The NTSB notes that, on July 26, 2010, WMATA awarded a contract to Kawasaki to replace the 1000-series rail cars with cars that have a crashworthiness that is comparable to, or better than, that of the 6000-series cars. Kawasaki was given a Notice to Proceed on August 16, 2010. WMATA has already ordered 428 7000-series railcars, which it will start receiving in 2013. Meanwhile, as requested by the NTSB, WMATA staff is working to analyze the impact of removing the 1000-series railcars from service. Pending the removal of all 1000-series railcars from revenue service, Safety Recommendation R-10-20 is classified OPEN – ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE.

From: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
To: NTSB
Date: 11/4/2010
Response: CC# 201000408: - From Richard Sarles, General Manager: WMATA has been working diligently to remove the 1000 series rail cars from service and replace them with cars that have a crashworthiness that is comparable or better than the 6000 series cars. Kawasaki was awarded a contract to build WMATA's 7000 series rail cars on July 26, 2010 and they were given Notice to Proceed on August 16, 2010. Meanwhile, as requested by the Board, WMATA staff is currently working to analyze the impacts of removing these cars from service.