Biographies - Panelists
MARY A. CARSKADON, PhD
Dr. Mary A. Carskadon is Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at the Alpert Medical School of Brown University. She received a bachelor's degree in psychology from Gettysburg College and a doctorate with distinction in neuro- and biobehavioral sciences from Stanford University. Dr. Carskadon's research includes examining associations of sleep regulatory mechanisms with sleep/wake behavior of children, adolescents, and young adults. Her findings have raised public health issues regarding consequences of insufficient sleep in adolescents and concerns about early school starting times. Current research examines genetic contributions to these processes and the association of chronic sleep restriction with development of depressed mood.
Dr. Carskadon has written many scientific papers, and she has received a number of honors, including an honorary doctor of sciences degree from Gettysburg College, Lifetime Achievement Award of the National Sleep Foundation, and Outstanding Educator and Distinguished Scientist Awards of the Sleep Research Society. She is an elected fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
CHARLES A. CZEISLER, PhD, MD, FRCP
Dr. Charles A. Czeisler is the Frank Baldino, Jr., Ph.D. Professor of Sleep Medicine, and a Professor of Medicine and Director of the Division of Sleep Medicine at the Harvard Medical School. He also serves as a senior physician and Chief of the Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders in the departments of Medicine and Neurology at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. Dr. Czeisler has extensive experience in the field of basic and applied research on human circadian biology and sleep science, and has done extensive research on the impact of sleep deficiency and circadian disruption on performance, health, and safety. He has also served on and consulted to a number of national and international advisory committees. For more than a decade, Dr. Czeisler served as team leader of the Human Performance Factors, Sleep and Chronobiology Team of NASA's National Space Biomedical Research Institute. Earlier this year, he served on the faculty of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, and currently serves as chairman of the board of the National Sleep Foundation.
Dr. Czeisler has been honored with numerous awards, among them the National Sleep Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award and the Sleep Research Society Distinguished Scientist Award and the William C. Dement Academic Achievement Award from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, and the NIOSH Director's Award for Scientific Leadership in Occupational Safety and Health, the Lord Adrian Medal from the Royal Society of Medicine, London, the Mark O. Hatfield Public Policy Award from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Mary A. Carskadon Outstanding Educator Award by the Sleep Research Society. He is a past president of the Sleep Research Society, where he chaired the Presidential Task Force on Sleep and Public Policy; a fellow of the American Society for Clinical Investigation and of the Association of American Physicians; a diplomate of the American Board of Sleep Medicine; a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (London); and an elected member of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, the International Academy of Astronautics and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Czeisler has published more than 170 original reports in peer-reviewed journals and more than 100 review articles, 3 books/monographs and numerous research abstracts. Dr. Czeisler graduated magna cum laude with a degree in biochemistry and molecular biology from Harvard College, where he was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa in 1999. He received his doctorate in neuro- and bio-behavioral sciences and doctor of medicine (MD) from Stanford University.
DAVID F. DINGES, PhD
Dr. David F. Dinges is a Professor and Vice Chair in the Department of Psychiatry, as well as Chief of the Department's Division of Sleep and Chronobiology and Director of the Unit for Experimental Psychiatry, at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine in Philadelphia. His research over the past 35 years for the National Institutes of Health, NASA, Department of Transportation, and other agencies has focused on the biological, behavioral, cognitive, performance, and psychological effects of fatigue and sleep loss associated with lifestyle, work demands, and health. His research has yielded insight into the causes of and consequences for accidents and catastrophic events associated with human error, and behaviors and technologies that can prevent or mitigate the effects of fatigue on human safety. In addition to his extensive laboratory research, he has conducted studies involving driving simulators and real-world driving, as well as in commercial aviation, on the International Space Station, and in other real-world environments.
Dr. Dinges has authored more than 300 scientific publications and has held both national and international science leadership positions, including as president of the World Sleep Federation, and editor-in-chief of SLEEP, the leading international journal on sleep research and sleep medicine. For the past 15 years, he has led the Neurobehavioral and Psychosocial Factors Team for the National Space Biomedical Research Institute. He has received numerous honors, including being elected to the International Academy of Astronautics and awarded the Decade of Behavior Research Award from the American Psychological Association, the Raymond F. Longacre Award for Outstanding Accomplishment in the Psychological and Psychiatric Aspects of Aerospace Medicine from the Aerospace Medical Association, and the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal. He was recently named an overseas fellow of the International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences.
RONALD FARKAS, MD, PhD
Dr. Ronald Farkas is a Clinical Team Leader in the Division of Neurology Products, Office of New Drugs, in the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research at the US Food and Drug Administration. His team focuses on drugs for conditions affecting sleep and wakefulness, neuromuscular disorders, and a range of rare neurological diseases.
Dr Farkas's work has included understanding the potential of drugs to impair driving ability–in particular, how drug exposure and factors affecting exposure may predict risk.
DAVID FLOWER, MD, FRCP, FFOM, FACOEM
Dr. David Flower is Senior Health Director and Occupational Physician with BP based in the United Kingdom. He graduated with a degree in Chemical Engineering from University College London and studied medicine at University College Hospital Medical School. His role with BP is to provide an independent view of the safety and operational risks related to health, and ensure local implementation of regulatory and BP requirements. In addition to having a corporate role in fatigue management, he is also active in the development of global capability-based fitness for task assessments that are compliant with equality, disability, and data privacy requirements across all countries.
He has worked with NASA and Airbus in the development of an aviation alertness management program and spent three years as part of a European Commission Task Force on flight time limitations. He also was an adviser to the British Olympic Association and UK Sport across three Olympic cycles. As a member of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, President's Task Force on Fatigue, he was a co-author of the Guidance Statement on Fatigue Risk Management in the Workplace. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, the Faculty of Occupational Medicine, and the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. He is a member of Her Majesty's Secretary of State's Honorary Medical Advisory Panel on Driving and Diabetes Mellitus and is the responsible officer for the revalidation of medical licenses for more than 300 occupational physicians as part of the UK General Medical Council's national revalidation program.
INDIRA GURUBHAGAVATULA, MD, MPH
She has given numerous lectures at national and international settings about sleep apnea in safety sensitive positions, and has served as an advisor to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in drafting revised statements regarding the identification, diagnosis, and management of sleep apnea among commercial vehicle operators. She was appointed to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine's Sleep and Transportation Task Force.
CHRIS MONK, PhD
Dr. Chris Monk is the Chief of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) Human Factors/Engineering Integration Division. He is responsible for developing, planning, conducting, and coordinating NHTSA's research program pertaining to the human factors of advanced safety and driver information systems, driver distraction and impairment, and the safe application of advanced technologies.
As a recognized international authority on driver distraction and driver-vehicle interactions, Dr. Monk is currently the co-chair of the Driver Distraction/Human-Machine Interface Working Group under the bilateral agreement between the United States and the European Commission to examine critical issues related to Intelligent Transportation Systems. He has been active in the Transportation Research Board's User Characteristics Committee and Simulation and Measurement of Vehicle and Operator Performance Committee, as well as a member and past chair of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's Surface Transportation Technical Group. Dr. Monk received his doctorate in Human Factors/Applied Cognitive Psychology from George Mason University in 2004.
JACOB NELSON, MPH, MPP
Mr. Jacob Nelson is Director of Traffic Safety Advocacy and Research for the American Automobile Association (AAA), where he directs the analysis and application of scientific research to AAA's traffic safety activities, including programmatic offerings and advocacy at the national and state levels. Additionally, he serves as the association's top safety expert in scientific and academic venues, with transportation stakeholder groups, and before federal agencies and Congress. He has been featured in national outlets–from USA Today and the New York Times to appearances on ABC's World News Tonight and the Dr. Oz Show–speaking on a variety of driver safety issues.
Mr. Nelson is a Mid-American Public Health Leadership fellow alumnus and member of the National Public Health Leadership Society. He is a current member of the American Public Health Association, the Society for Public Health Education, and the Delta Omega Honorary Society in Public Health. He obtained his undergraduate degree at the University of Michigan and completed his graduate studies in public health at George Washington University and in public policy at the University of Chicago, where he was named a McCormick Tribune Leadership fellow. Prior to joining AAA, Mr. Nelson managed a state-certified health department in the Chicago area, where he directed public health education campaigns, health-focused research, and provided public health policy support for state and local policymakers.
MAURICE OHAYON, MD, DSc, PhD
Dr. Maurice Ohayon is a Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University. He heads the division of Public Mental Health and Population Sciences and is director of the Stanford Sleep Epidemiology Research Center. He is a physician, psychiatrist, and holds a doctorate in mathematics and computer sciences. He also has a doctorate in biology.
Dr. Ohayon has authored or co-authored more than 200 articles and book chapters, and has written five books on psychiatry, computer sciences, and sleep medicine. Over the last 20 years, his research has focused on the epidemiology of sleep and mental disorders in the general population and on artificial intelligence tools. He is leading several research projects on sleep and related disorders in the European and American general population. He also served on the DSM-5 sleep wake disorders workgroup (sections Insomnia, Hypersomnolence, and Restless Legs Syndrome).
ALLAN I. PACK, M.B.Ch.B., PhD
Dr. Allan I. Pack is the John Miclot Professor of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, as well as the university's Director of the Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology and director of the Penn Sleep Center. Dr. Pack's laboratory studies the functions of sleep at a molecular level and the genetics of sleep and its disorders. In addition to his research activities, Dr. Pack was recently elected president of the Sleep Research Society, an organization for scientific investigators who educate and research sleep and sleep disorders.
Dr. Pack's clinical expertise is in sleep disorders, with a particular focus on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep apnea. He is internationally recognized for his expertise in this area and has been listed in the Best Doctors in the United States. In 2010, Dr. Pack received a lifetime achievement award from the National Sleep Foundation honoring his invaluable contributions to the field. Dr. Pack received his M.B.Ch.B. and doctorate degrees from the University of Glasgow, Scotland.
STEPHEN M. POPKIN, PhD
Dr. Stephen M. Popkin is Director of the Center for Safety Management and Human Factors at the Department of Transportation's (DOT) Volpe National Transportation Systems Center. Dr. Popkin established the center's Fatigue Monitoring and Countermeasures Research Team, which has performed work for all operating administrations under the DOT and comprises talent from across Volpe, as well as academe. Dr. Popkin is also the co-chair of the Operator Fatigue Management program for DOT and serves as the team lead for implementing the department's Safety Council, a deputy secretary-level body that focuses on current and emerging safety issues across the transportation sector.
As a recognized authority in transportation fatigue and human factors, Dr. Popkin serves on the National Institute on Occupational Safety and Health's National Occupational Research Agenda and was elected to the International Commission on Occupational Health's Working Time Society. He has been invited to speak in front of the Swedish Road Traffic Inspectorate at the Nobel Forum and recently partnered with the Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety in a thought leadership activity involving 25 other international authorities in fatigue management. Dr. Popkin received his doctorate in industrial and organizational psychology from the University of Connecticut, where he worked on projects for the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, the US Submarine Force based in Groton, Connecticut, and the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health under a Ministry of Education grant in Vantaa, Finland.
STEPHANIE PRATT, PhD
Dr. Stephanie Pratt leads the Center for Motor Vehicle Safety at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). In this role, she is responsible for coordinating research and prevention activities across the institute related to the prevention of work-related motor vehicle crashes. She is a member of the American Society of Safety Engineers' Transportation Practice specialty, the ANSI Z15 and ISO 39001 standards committees, the Transportation Research Board Committee on Vehicle User Characteristics, and the Road Traffic Injury Research Network. She serves as a federal liaison to the Network of Employers for Traffic Safety, and represents NIOSH in the United Nations Road Safety Collaboration.
In her 21-year career at NIOSH, Dr. Pratt has made more than 50 professional presentations in the United States and internationally, and authored numerous journal articles and technical documents on road safety. Dr. Pratt's current research involves analysis of linked data on fatal work-related crashes from Department of Transportation and Department of Labor data systems, and analysis of driver, crash, and claims data in collaboration with a large corporation. She received her doctorate in political science and policy analysis from West Virginia University.
Follow the NIOSH Center for Motor Vehicle Safety on Twitter: @NIOSH_MVSafety
PETER SAVOLAINEN, PhD, PEPi.
Dr. Savolainen currently serves on the editorial boards of the journals of Accident Analysis and Prevention and Analytic Methods in Accident Research. He is also a member of the Transportation Research Board's Traffic Safety Data, Analysis, and Evaluation (ANB20), and Motorcycles and Mopeds (ANF30) committees. He has taught undergraduate and graduate courses in transportation engineering, highway safety and risk management, urban transportation planning, transportation economics, and statistical and econometric methods of transportation data analysis. He received his doctorate in 2006 from Purdue University.
During his nearly 20 years of automotive industry experience, Mr. Sgambati has held a series of positions with increasing responsibility in engineering, project management, sales, and marketing. Since joining Bosch in 1998, Mr. Sgambati has held positions both at Robert Bosch North America and Robert Bosch Europe. Prior to joining Bosch, Mr. Sgambati held various engineering and manufacturing positions at Dow Corning Corporation, Delphi, and General Motors LLC
Mr. Brian Tefft is a Senior Research Associate at the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, where he conducts research on a wide variety of traffic safety issues. In this role, he employs state-of-the-art methods to identify real-world traffic safety problems, identify solutions, and evaluate their effectiveness. Mr. Tefft has published his research in scientific journals, including Accident Analysis & Prevention, the Journal of Safety Research, and Traffic Injury Prevention, and has presented his work at professional and scientific conferences, including the annual meetings of the American Public Health Association, Governor's Highway Safety Association, and Transportation Research Board.
He holds a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from Brown University. He joined the AAA Foundation team in 2004.
JOHN VIOLANTI, PhD
Dr. John Violanti is a Research Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health in the School of Public Health and Health Professions at the University at Buffalo, as well as a member of the University at Buffalo graduate faculty. He was formerly a full professor in the Rochester Institute of Technology's Department of Criminal Justice. He is a police veteran, who served with the New York State Police for 23 years as a trooper, criminal investigator, and later a coordinator of the Psychological Assistance Program.
Dr. Violanti has been involved in the design, implementation, and analysis of police stress and health studies during his entire career. Recent projects include a longitudinal study, funded by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, on psychological stress and cardiovascular disease in police officers and the impact of shift work on police health outcomes. Dr. Violanti has authored more than 50 peer-reviewed articles on police stress and PTSD, police mortality, suicide, and cardiovascular health. He has also written and edited 17 books on topics of police stress, psychological trauma, and suicide. He has lectured nationally and internationally at academic institutions and police agencies on matters of suicide, stress, and trauma at work.
NATHANIEL F. WATSON, MD, MSc
Dr. Nathaniel F. Watson is the President-elect of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and is Board-certified in sleep medicine and neurology. Dr. Watson is a professor of neurology at the University of Washington in Seattle. He is co-director of the University of Washington Medicine Sleep Center and director of the Harborview Medical Center Sleep Clinic. Dr. Watson diagnoses and treats clinical sleep illnesses of all types, including sleep-disordered breathing, insomnia, and narcolepsy. He completed his fellowship and residency in neurology at the University of Washington and earned his medical degree from the University of North Carolina, School of Medicine, in Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Dr. Watson's research utilizes twin research methodologies to examine gene-environment interactions between sleep duration and various health conditions, including obesity and affective disorders.